Reference numberEL/L1/57
TitleLetter, from Antoni van Leeuwenhoek to Thomas Gale, dated at Delft
CreatorLeeuwenhoek; Antoni van (1632-1723); tradesman and microscopist
Date14 June 1680
DescriptionSigned autograph
Observations of beer whilst it ferments; microscopic observations of yeast; observations of the formation of carbonic acid; experiments with micro-organisms will reproduce in infused pepper-water kept in hermetically-sealed tubes (this led to the discovery of bacteria in general and the existence of anaerobic bacteria)
Three figures - two red-chalk figures of yeast cells and one of a glass tube for determining the presence of micro-organisms in fluids drawn in ink
See partial translation EL/L1/58
Transcribed and translated in 'Alle de brieven van Antoni van Leeuwenhoek', edited, illustrated and annotated by Committee of Dutch Scientists, vol 3, p 243
B&W negative, red chalk drawing of yeast cells. IM/005319
Place originDelft, South Holland, (United Provinces) Netherlands
Origin coordinates52.00667, 4.35556
Access statusOpen
Related records in the catalogueIM/005319
URL descriptionAlso available on Early Modern Letters Online
Fellows associated with this archive
NA5147Gale; Thomas (c1636 - 1702); scholar and antiquarianc1636 - 1702
NA8438van Leeuwenhoek; Antoni (1632 - 1723); tradesman and microscopist1632 - 1723
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