Reference numberJBO/1/133
Alternative reference numberJBO/1/181
TitleMinutes of an ordinary meeting of the Royal Society
Date3 June 1663
Description ' The Experiment of raising water in a kind of Smal weather-glasse, by the pressing in of Air in the Condensing Engin, was tryed but by reason of the Engin's leaking, proved imperfect. To be repeated next day.

Mr Hook was ordered to bring in writing his observations upon Dr Goddards petrified wood, aginst next day.

The same to observe by a Microscope, whether there be any Cavities in Sageleaves for little Spiders to Lodge in.

Sir Robert Moray and Mr Henshaw were [crossed out; ordered] appointed Curators of the Experiment of inclosing a Pebble in a glasse, with water, to see, whether in time it will grow too big to come out of the Hole through which it was put in.

Colonel Long observed, that the picking of Stones from Corne-ground, did impoverish the Land : being of Opinion, that a cover of Stones, did keep the Earth from the injuries of Cold, as also from the too much exhaling of the goodnesse of the ground.

Dr Clarke mentioned, that there was a Rivolet in Glocester-shire, that maketh his bed in Stones, and whose water being drunk beside the Stone, the people thereabouts being much troubled therewith.

Collonell Long said that once there was brought to King Charles the first, a whole box full of Stones coughed out of the Lungs.

Dr Charleton mentined, Stones to have been found in the Plexus Choroides.

The same related of one Monsr. La verdure that being come from Rochel into England, after he had been 17 dayes at sea, and for want of other provisions eaten little else but bread and cheese, and drunk store of Brandy wine, found himselfe coming ashore, very much obstructed, with pains in his bowels and having taken several Glisters, voided store of Cockleshells. A thing, he said, known to many.

Monsr. Monconis related, that a certiane widow women at Lions used to void bones, together with her menstrua every month ; as parts of the jawbones, joints of the Back-bone etc whereof he said, his Brother, Monsr. De Liergue at Lions, kept many, of which he would send some to the Society.

Dr Clarke related, that some years since, a womin in Drury Lane, had brought away bones of her child, out of her Sides 18 years after she had been big of that Child : having had 2 Girls, between the time of that child-bearing, and the voiding of the said bones. He was desired to bring in the compleat stor therof in writing.

Colonel Long mentioned that a handsom Lady had brought away the bones of a child by ?ige, 2 years after she had been big thereof.

Sir Robert Moray related to have seen a man at the Spaw in Germany, altogether mouelesse, but that he did sat and drinke and Speak: for the rest, he could stir no more than a Log or Stone ; and that he had seen a Chalky matter, come out of the joints of his fingers, and out of his cheeks etc.

Colonel Long, seconded by Dr Clarke, related, that a certain Cornet in Scotland dissolved the Stone in the Kidneys, and brought it away, by chawing of Tobacco : which he said to be recomended by the Duke of Albemarle.

Monsr. Monconis mentioned, that a year ago there was a woman at Orleans, that dyed in travel, and being opened, was found to have the Child placed between the Matrix and the Bladder : whereof he said he could bring the attestation of the Physicians of that place.

Sir Robert Moray related, that Sir George Hamilton had lighted on a certaine Mine in Ireland, that contained an earth yeilding Lead ; which being washed out of that earth, and the Earth laid aside, would after some time be impregnated againe with the same mettall. The same be affirmed of the Saltpeter and Vitriol - Earth about Leige. He promised to bring a fuller Account hereof in writing.

The same produced a certaine Petition, lately presented to his Majesty for a Patent to practise a Secret, of making all grain grow plentifully in any barren ground, without laying on of ony Dung or compost, so that the same Land so sowne, shall improve yearly, and bear Corne constantly, at the charge of 10 or 12 shillings an Acre; Item, of improving all Flowers, Plants and young Trees, to a suddain growth ; and among them Vines, Orange-trees etc as also, all Meadows, at a very easy rate.

Mr Henshaw suggested, that Saltpeter and Cowdung mingled in waer, was one of the best kinds of imbibition.

Mr Brereton affirmed, to have himselfe seen 102 Stalks upon one root of Oates, supposed to have been caused by cutting the plant, at the new moon.

Colonel Long mentioned to have knowne wheat that was Sowne in the Spring, to produce a good crop : and Oars sowne in Autumne, to have yelded very heavy Oats.

Mr Packer related, that there was a person at Billingshurst in Sussex, who used in flowering time to walke in his Coorne-feilds, and observing certaine ears of wheat, put marks upon them, which being ripe he laid apart, and would give any man security, that such grains should never smutt.

Mr Henshaw suggested a way of preventing the Smut of Corne, by passing a rope ouer the Standing corne, and so Shaking off the dew; which else, its aquaeous parts being exhaled, and the Clammy one sticking to the grain, and being baked there causes smutting.

Colonel Long having discoursed of his Opinion concerning the Smutt of Corne, viz. that it proceeds from the Root, and not the Meldew, was desired to give his discourses in writing.

The same mentioned that the Sowing of Corne in the Husk, maketh it prosper better, than the sowing it naked ; As also, that Corne thrashed with flails, and thereby bruised, is the more Subject to smutting.

Sir Robert Moray suggested the planting of Fruit with the pulpe about it : To which Colonel Long answered that it was knowne by Experience, that excellent Peaches are raised from the Stone not sucke : where yet he distinguished saying, that whereas, some sorts of Peaches, as Nectarins and Musk-peaches, come well from Stones, with some pulp left about them ; yet other kinds, as the Newington, or Verona peach cometh not well from the Stone.

Mr Pell related, that in the Granaries of Zurich, there was kept wheat in Husks 80 years old.

Dr Charleton was desired to give in writing his Account of killing Fishes by gagging them ; Item that of the ductus from the Bladders of Fishes to the Gills. '
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