Record

Authorised form of nameBarkly; Sir; Henry (1815 - 1898); colonial governor
Other forms of nameBarclay, Sir Henry
Other forms of surnameBarclay
Dates1815 - 1898
NationalityBritish
Place of birthHighbury, London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Date of birth24 February 1815
Place of deathStapleton Park, Pontefract, Wakefield District, West Yorkshire, England United Kingdom
Date of death20 October 1898
Dates and placesBurial:
Brompton Cemetery, London
OccupationPolitician; colonial governor; plantation and slave owner
Research fieldNatural history; botany
ActivityProfession:
Politician; colonial governor; plantation and slave owner
Research field:
Natural history; botany
Education:
Bruce Castle School, Tottenham, London
Career:
Worked for his father's company Davidson & Barkly, a West India trading company (c 1832); family owned an estate in British Guiana [Guyana] which Barkly inherited (1836); went to Demerara [now part of Guyana]; travelled through British and Dutch Guiana; returned to England (1845); Conservative (Peelite) MP for Leominster (1845-1848); supporter of free trade; Governor of British Guiana (1849-1853); Governor of Jamaica (1853-1856); Governor of Victoria, Australia (1856-1863); Governor of Mauritius (1863-1870); Governor of Cape Colony and High Commisioner of South Africa (1871-1877); worked with the first elected Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, John Molteno; supported the local resistance against Carnarvon's attempt to force the region into a British ruled federation; Royal Commission on Colonial Defence (1879); made scientific collections and sent botanical specimens from places he visited; in retirement devoted himself to scientific pursuits and to committee work for the London Library.
Memberships:
FRGS (1870)
Honours:
KCB 1853; GCMG 1874
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election02/06/1864
Age at election59
RelationshipsSon of Aeneas Barkly of Monteagle, Rosshire, West India merchant, plantation and slave owner
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Wikipedia; UCL LBS
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1905 vol 75 pp 23-25 signed by J D H
References:
Vanity Fair 09 July 1887
A Cohen, 'Roland Trimen and the merope harem' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 205-218
R W Home, 'The Royal Society and the Empire: the colonial and Commonwealth Fellowship. Part 2. After 1847' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 47-84
'Henry Barkly', Legacies of British Slave-ownership database, http://wwwdepts-live.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/10612 [accessed 2nd July 2020].
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/92954339
Royal Society codeNA1327
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MC/7Volume 7 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1864-1866
NLB/17/462Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, Fellow of the Royal Society3 November 1898
EC/1864/02Barkly, Sir Henry: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MC/7/165Letter from Frederic Rogers, Downing Street, to Major General [Edward] Sabine, [President of the Royal Society]21 January 1865
MC/7/166Copy letter from Edward Sabine, President of the Royal Society, Burlington House, to Sir Frederick Rogers26 January 1865
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