Record

Authorised form of nameAuzout; Adrian (1622 - 1691); physician and astronomer
Other forms of nameAuzout, Adrien
SurnameAuzout
ForenamesAdrian
Dates1622 - 1691
NationalityFrench
Dates and placesBirth:
Rouen, France, Europe (January 1622)
Death:
Rome, Italy, Europe (23 May 1691)
ActivityResearch Field:
Astronomy, physics, mathematics
Career:
Designed apparatus of mercury barometer in a vaccum (1647); worked for clergymen or noblemen, for example in managing their estates (1640s); wrote to King Louis XIV about the need for a public observatory (1664); made astronomical observations from Jean-Baptiste Colbert's residence in Paris (1666);
Memberships:
Academie Royale des Sciences (Original Member)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
23/05/1666
Proposers:
Henry Oldenburg
Other RSActivity:
Acted as a frequent correspondent to the Society, e.g. presented his new micrometer in a letter to Oldenburg (1666);
Had some astronomical observations and reports published in the 'Philosophical Transactions' (1660s)
RelationshipsParents: Adrian Auzout and Jeanne Piedelièvre
General contextAfter leaving Rouen, Auzout became a member of the circle of French mathematician Marin Mersenne, who was also a correspondent to Fellows such as Samuel Sorbiere (FRS 1663) or Theodore Haak (FRS 1663). The group of natural philosophers who gathered at Colbert's residence for astronomical observations can be seen as a precursor to the Académie des Sciences. He was involved in some academic disputes with both Hevelius (FRS 1663) on comet predictions and William Petty (FRS 1663) on ancient architecture and statistics.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB; DBF; Hunter
References:
N S Hetherington, 'The Hevelius-Auzout Controversy' in NR 1972-3 vol 27 pp 103-106
A Cook, 'Rome and the Royal Society, 1660-1740' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 3-19
Notes:
DBF gives date of death as 16 January 1691; BR gives date of birth as 28 January 1691
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/19827688
Royal Society codeNA2328
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/A/18Partial transcription of a letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg1666
EL/A/22Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris25 January 1677
EL/O1/74Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Adrian Auzout29 June 1668
EL/A/10Partial translation of a letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg1666
EL/A/16Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris16 July 1666
CLP/9ii/5Extract, 'Osservatione del Signor Adriano Auzout fatta in Roma nel principio di quest'anno intorno alla declinatione della Calamita, estratta dal primo Giornale de' Letterati dell'anno 1670' [1670]
EL/A/15Letter, from Adrian Auzout to the Royal Society, dated at Paris16 July 1666
EL/A/4Letter, from Adrian Auzout, dated at Paris 20 October 1664
LBO/1/106Copy extract of a letter from Adrian Auzout, Paris, to Henry Justel 27 January 1666
LBO/1/141Copy of a letter from Adrian Auzout at Paris to Henry Oldenburg28 December 1666
LBO/9/88Copy letter from Adrian Azout, Paris, to HenryJustel3 June 1684
LBO/2/40Copy extract of a letter from Adrian Auzout, Paris, to Henry Oldenburg29 December 1667
EL/A/1Letter, from Adrian Auzout to [unknown correspondent]3 March 1665
EL/A/2Letter, from Adrian Auzout to L'Abbe Charles, dated at Paris13 October 1664
EL/A/3Partial translation of a letter, from Adrian Auzout to L'Abbe Charles1664
EL/A/12Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris5 May 1666
EL/A/13Partial translation of a letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg1666
EL/A/14Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris18 May 1666
EL/A/11Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris14 April 1666
EL/A/7Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg3 October 1665
EL/A/20Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris29 December 1667
EL/A/5Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris22 June 1665
EL/A/21Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg17 March 1668
EL/A/19Partial translation of a letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg1666
EL/O1/29Henry Oldenburg to Adrian Auzout24 May 1666
EL/A/6Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris11 July 1665
EL/A/17Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris28 December 1666
EL/A/8Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Justel, dated at Paris27 January 1666
EL/A/9Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris12 February 1666
EL/O1/94Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Adrian Auzout2 January 1669
CLP/2/13Paper, on telescopes and how to use them by [Robert Hooke?][1667?]
CLP/2/13/1Manuscript, on telescopes and how to use them by [Robert Hooke?][1667]
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