Record

Authorised form of nameChildren; John George (1777 - 1852); chemist; zoologist
SurnameChildren
ForenamesJohn George
Dates1777 - 1852
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Ferox Hall, Tonbridge, Kent, England, United Kingdom, Europe (18 May 1777)
Death:
Halstead Place, Kent, England, United Kingdom, Europe (01 January 1852)
Burial:
St George's Church, Bloomsbury, United Kingdom, Europe (09 January 1852)
ActivityResearch field:
Mineral chemistry and mineralogy
Zoology
Education:
Tonbridge School
Eton School
Queen's College Cambridge (1795-1798)
Career:
Studied mechanics and mineralogy; constructed the largest yet galvanic battery (1813); attempted to set up a gunpowder business with Humphry Davy; family declared bankruptcy (1816); appointed Assistant Librarian in Department of Antiquities at the British Museum; transferred to department of natural history (1822); translated Lamarck's 'Genera of Shells' (1824); became editor of the 'Zoological Journal' and of 'Quarterly Journal of Science'; established the Zoological Club at the Linnean Society (1826); founding president of the Entomological Society (1833)
Awards:
Royal Institution Medal (1828)
Memberships:
FRSE; FLS; PRES
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
12/03/1807
Proposers: Edward Rudge; Philip Stanhope; Edmund Antrobus; Matthew Smith; Thomas Harrison
Council:
Secretary 1826-1827, 1830-1837; VP 1837-1839
Committee appointments include: Committee of Chemistry (31 May 1837)
Appointed as Auditor of the Treasurer's accounts (15 November 1838)
RelationshipsParents: George Children (father; bap.1742- d.1818) and Susanna Children (d. 1777)
Married: 1) Hester Anna Holwell (1798); 2) Caroline Furlong Wise (1809); 3) Eliza Towers (1819)
Children: Anna Atkins (16 March 1799 - 9 June 1871)
General contextChildren's work involved collaboration with Humphry Davy in the laboratory the former established at Ferox Hall. His appointment to the department of natural history, specialising in zoology, was considered controversial by some at the time and, as a non-specialist, he relied on and worked closely with his assistant and later successor John Edward Gray. Shortly after the death of his first wife in 1800, he travelled to Portugal and North America. He is additionally listed as a Freemason (27 March 1835) on the 'Alphabetical List of Fellows of the Royal Society who were Freemasons' under the address of the British Musum, Lodge of Antiquity No. 2. After his death, his daughter published a memoir on him, including some of his poetry on domestic things and religion.
Royal Society Obituary or MemoirClick to view (may be contained within a meeting notice, presidential address or list of death notices)
Image

Children J G, IM006840.jpg

SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; ODNB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1850-1854 vol 6 pp 245-247
References:
N G Coley, 'The Animal Chemistry Club; Assistant Society to the Royal Society' in NR 1967 vol 22 pp 173-185
The Library and Museum of Freemasonry, ;Freemasons and the Royal Society; Alphabetical List of Fellows of the Royal Society who were Freemasons' (2010), page 19
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/106836469
Royal Society codeNA3175
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
AP/13/5On destroying the Fire Damp in Mines by the Chloride of Lime27 April 1827
AP/16/1Project for perpetual motion01/02/1831
AP/21/13Copy of Proposals for a new method of determining the Longitude by absolute Altitude of Moon1838
AP/20/14Observations and Experiments on the Solar rays that occasion heat; with the application of a remarkable property of these rays to the construction of the Solar microscopes1836
MM/3/8Letter from Davies Gilbert, East Borne [sic], to John George Children24 November 1784
MC/2Volume 2 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1832-1838
AP/16/6Dispersive powers of spectra1832
MM/12/28Letter from Anthony Panizzi, British Museum, to J G Children2 August 1836
MM/12/25Copy of letter from J G Children, British Museum, to Anthony Panizzi29 July 1836
MM/12/23Letter from Anthony Panizzi, British Museum, J G Children17 July 1836
AP/18/4Narrative of the Proceedings of Commander Thomas Dickinson of His Majesty's Sloop Lightning which employed in the Enterprise for the recovery of the Public Stores and other Property sunk in His Majesty's late Frigate "Thetis" on the SW side of the Island of Cape Frio1834
DM/1/77Letter from FL Chantrey, Belgrave Place, to J G Children22 December 1831
DM/2/29Letter from the Duke of Sussex, Kensington Palace, to Francis Baily17 April 1834
DM/2/27Draft of letter from J G Children, British Museum, to T Spring Rice, Treasury16 April 1834
DM/2/74Letter from Henry Ellis, British Museum, to J G Children13 July 1831
AP/28/18On Sir Isaac Newton's method of finding limits of the roots of Equations 20 December 1845
DM/1/79Draft of letter from J G Children, Somerset House, to Sir William Knighton12 May 1832
IM/000837Children, John Georgend
AP/18/5fLetter from M I Brunel to J G Children18 May 1834
AP/18/2On the Connexion between Refracted and Diffracted LightJanuary 1834
AP/18/3On the Number of Colorific Rays into which White Light may be separated21 January 1834
AP/15/6On the Anatomy and Physiology of the Minute and Capillary Vessels1831
AP/16/34Quelques idees relatives a l'Analyse des Liqueurs spiritueuses sucrees (Ascertaining the strength of spirituous liqueurs)1835
MM/13/89Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee 13 January 1835
AP/17/3Account of an Extraordinary Meteor 28 March 1833
AP/15/16On some properties of numbers in geometric progression1832
AP/15/15Account of an improvement in the Machine for producing engravings of Medals, Busts etc. directly form the objects themselves; in which ther distortions hitherto attending such representations are entirely obviated1832
AP/18/5aLetter from M I Brunel to J G Children20 March 1834
AP/18/5cLetter from W H Smyth, Bedford, to J G Children19 April 1834
AP/18/5dCopy of letter from W H Smyth, Bedford, to J G Children19 April 1834
AP/19/19An Account of the Eruption of Mount Etna in the year 1536 from original contemporary documents14 January 1835
AP/18/15New Property of the Arcs of the Equilatereal HyperbolaJanuary 1834
AP/19/6Memorandum relating to a theory of Sound10 March 1835
CMB/42/2/1Minutes from the Medal Committee10 December 1832
MS/123/21Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children, Royal Society, Somerset House4 June 1835
MS/123/4Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children, British Museum, London4 November 1832
MS/123/14Letter [possibly draft] from John George Children to the Duke of Sussex21 November 1832
MS/123/7Letter from James Hudson to John George Children, British Museum, London14 November 1832
MS/123/17Letter from James Hudson to John George Children6 December 1832
MS/123/9Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children, British Museum, London19 November 1832
MS/123/23Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children18 June 1835
MS/123/24Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children, British Museum1830s
MS/123/3Copy of letter from John George Children to John William Lubbock2 November 1832
MS/123/16Copy of letter from John George Children to John Herapath29 November 1832
MS/123/1Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children29 October 1832
MS/123/20Draft letter from John George Children to the Duke of Sussex16 September 1834
MS/123/2Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children, British Museum, London30 October 1832
NLB/6/999Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Daniel Hipwell, 7 Hilldrop Crescent, N.30 September 1892
NLB/6/1007Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Daniel Hipwell, 17 Hilldrop Crescent, N.3 October 1892
MC/1Volume 1 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1800-1831
AP/11/15An account of some further experiments on the heating power of the prismatic rays1822
RR/1/102Referee's report by John George Children, on a paper 'On the action of light upon the colour of the river sponge' by John Hogg13 July 1838
MC/2/29Letter from Michael Faraday, Royal Institution, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society12 March 1832
MC/2/35Copy letter from John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society, to John Herapath13 April 1832
MC/1/302Letter from Edmund Davy, Royal Dublin Society, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society12 April 1831
MS/426/119Copy letter from [Charles Richard Weld] the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [John George] Children Esq.27 January 1845
MC/1/294Letter from [Robert Saunders Dundas], 2nd Viscount Melville, Melville Castle, Edinburgh, to [Dr. Peter Mark Roget and John George Children,] Secretaries of the Royal Society23 March 1831
MS/426/432Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to J G [John George] Children Esq15 November 1850
CMP/1/2Minutes of a meeting of Council of the Royal Society13 December 1832
MS/426/253Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to J G [John George] Children, Esq6 February 1847
EC/1806/19Children, John George: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MM/12/26Letter from Anthony Panizzi, British Museum, to J G Children28 July 1836
MM/12/27Copy of letter from J G Children, British Museum, to Anthony Panizzi1 August 1836
AP/15/13On the Caves and Fissures in the Mendip Hills1831
IM/000838Children, John Georgend
MM/12/29Letter from J G Children, British Museum, to P M Roget4 August 1836
DM/2/28Letter from the Duke of Sussex, Kensington Palace, to Treasury17 April 1834
DM/2/30Letter from the Duke of Sussex, Kensington Palace, GB Greenough17 April 1834
AP/18/17Observations on the Teredo Navalis, & Limonia Tenebrans, as at present existing in certain Localities in the British IslandsApril 1834
AP/16/21Instructions pour faire des observations meteorologique et magnetiques 1836
MM/13/84Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee11 December 1832
MM/13/90Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee 13 January 1835
MM/13/91Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee 20 February 1836
IM/000839Children, John Georgend
MS/123/19Letter from the Duke of Sussex to John George Children, British Museum, Montague Street, London15 September 1834
CMP/1/1Minutes of a meeting of Council of the Royal Society1 December 1832
MM/12/24Letter from J G Children, British Museum, to Francis Baily18 July 1836
MM/13/92Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee 3 March 1836
MM/13/87Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee 22 January 1833
MM/13/86Minutes of meeting of the Excise Committee 15 January 1833
MC/1/256Letter from James [?] Smith, Jordanhill, Glasgow, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society 27 October 1830
MC/1/261Letter from Henry Kater, York Gate, Regent's Park, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society 10 December 1830
MC/1/264Letter from Henry Kater, York Gate, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society 22 December 1830
MC/1/276Letter from [Dunbar James Douglas], 6th Earl of Selkirk, St. Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbright, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society 17 January 1831
MC/1/281Letter from William Tooke and Charles Parker, 39 Bedford Row, to [Dr. Peter Mark Roget and John George Children,] Secretaries of the Royal Society22 January 1831
MC/1/291Letter from John Augustus Lloyd, 19 [John] Adam Street, Adelphi, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society 16 March 1831
MC/1/293Letter from Sir George Murray, 5 Belgrave Square, to [Dr. Peter Mark Roget and John George Children,] Secretaries of the Royal Society19 March 1831
MC/1/331Copy letter from John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society], British Museum, to Lord [Francis] Gray28 September 1831
MC/1/341Letter from Michael Faraday, Royal Institution, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society21 November 1831
MC/1/352Letter from Thomas Henderson, 1 Old Palace Yard, Westminster, [Dr. Peter Mark Roget and John George Children,] Secretaries of the Royal Society13 December 1831
MC/2/6Letter from James Hudson, [Assistant Secretary of the] Royal Society, to the Royal Society16 January 1832
MC/2/25Copy letter from John George Children, British Museum, to John Herapath14 February 1832
MC/2/27Copy letter from John George Children, British Museum, to John Herapath19 February 1832
MC/2/30Letter from [August Wilhelm von] Schlegel, Brunswick Hotel, Jermyn Street, to [John George] Children, Secretary of the Royal Society20 March 1832
MC/2/31Copy letter from John George Children, British Museum, to an unknown correspondent25 March 1832
MC/2/33Letter from [August Wilhelm von] Schlegel to [John George] Children, Secretary of the Royal Society6 April 1832
MC/2/34Letter from George Bocock [?] to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society]c. April 1832
MC/2/36Copy letter from John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society, to Professor [August Wilhelm von] Schlegel13 April 1832
MC/2/44Letter from James Hudson, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society16 July 1832
MC/2/48Copy letter from John George Children, to the gentlemen nominated for Council16 October 1832
MC/2/51Letter from [Sir John Frederick William] Herschel, Slough, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society20 October 1832
MC/2/53Letter from Marc Isambard Brunel to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society21 October 1832
MC/2/54Letter from [James] Cumming, Cambridge, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society21 October 1832
MC/2/55Letter from Charles Hatchett, Belle Vue House, Chelsea, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society22 October 1832
MC/2/56Letter from William Prout, Sackville Street, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society22 October 1832
MC/2/57Letter from Henry Kater, York Gate, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society22 October 1832
MC/2/58Letter from Richard Sheepshanks, 30 Woburn Place, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society22 October 1832
MC/2/60Letter from Michael Faraday, Royal Institution, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society23 October 1832
MC/2/61Letter from Robert Brown, Dean Street, Soho, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society24 October 1832
MC/2/62Letter from Francis Baily, 37 Tavistock Place, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society26 October 1832
MC/2/75Letter from [Antonio] Panizzi, [Librarian at the] British Museum, to [John George Children and Dr. Peter Mark Roget], Secretaries of the Royal Society27 March 1833
MC/2/82Letter from R. B. Bate, 21 Poultry, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society 17 April 1833
MC/2/91Letter from [William] Prout, Sackville Street, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society14 August 1833
MC/2/92Letter from Walter Adam, London, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society15 August 1833
MC/2/95Letter from Walter Adam, 40 Sackville Street, London, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society15 August 1833
MC/2/99Letter from Charles [Giles Bridle] Daubeny to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Societyc. November 1833
MC/2/106Letter from F.R.S., to [John George Children and Dr. Peter Mark Roget], Secretaries of the Royal Society 28 December 1833
MC/2/127Letter from Edward Turner, Secretary of the Geological Society, to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society]11 June 1834
MC/2/129Letter from John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society], to the Royal Society 19 June 1834
MC/2/132Letter from [Charles Wentworth] Dilke, 2 Catherine Street, to [John George Children and Dr. Peter Mark Roget], Secretaries of the Royal Society3 July 1834
MC/2/133Letter from Charles Blackburn, 40 Kensington Square, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society11 July 1834
MC/2/152Letter from [Dr. Peter Mark Roget, Secretary of the Royal Society], Bernard Street, to James Ivory22 December 1834
MC/2/157Letter from Charles John Kemeys Tynte, Halwell House, Bridgewater, to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society]23 January 1835
MC/2/163Letter from Paul Cooper, Shepton Mallet, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society10 March 1835
MC/2/186Letter from John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society, British Museum, to John William Lubbock, Vice-President and Treasurer of the Royal Society4 November 1835
MC/2/187Letter from Richard Cattermole, [Secretary of the] Royal Society of Literature, St. Martin's Place, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society10 November 1835
MC/2/188Letter from J. W. Glover, Harrington House, St. James's, to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society] 11 November 1835
MC/2/205Letter from [William] Whewell to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society17 May 1836
MC/2/230Letter from George Dollond to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society]31 October 1836
MC/2/237Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society9 January 1837
MC/2/245Letter from John H. Glover, [librarian at] Windsor Castle, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society28 March 1837
MC/2/248Letter from Edward Hawkins to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society]10 April 1837
MC/2/257Letter from Thomas Monk Mason, 32 Coleshill Street, Eaton Square, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society20 June 1837
MC/2/258Letter from William Henry Smyth, Bedford, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society14 July 1837
MC/2/269Letter from G.A., Oxford, to John George Children, [Secretary of the Royal Society]23 January 1838
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