Authorised form of nameViviani; Vincenzo (1622 - 1703); mathematician and physicist
Other forms of nameVincent
Dates1622 - 1703
Place of birthFlorence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, [modern day Italy], Europe
Date of birth5 April 1622
Place of deathFlorence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, [modern day Italy], Europe
Date of death22 September 1703
Research fieldMathematics
Studied humanities with the Jesuits and mathematics with Settimi
Assistant to Galileo Galilei at Arcetri (1639); wrote an account of Galileo's life; prevented from continuing his work by the opposition of the Roman Catholic Church, he turned his attention to reconstructing and translating the mathematical texts of the ancients, including Euclid's 'Elements'; declined the offer of scientific posts from King John II Casimir of Poland and Louis XIV of France
Accademia del Cimento, Florence; Academie Royale des Sciences (1699, Foreign Member )
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election29/04/1696
Other Royal Society activityOccasional correspondent on mathematical topics prior to election;
Proposed on 30 May 1688;
Submitted a paper on geometry (1701)
RelationshipsParents: Jacopo di Michelangelo Viviani and Maria Alamanno del Nente
Published worksRCN: R65073
RCN: R65070
RCN: 40147
General contextViviani was particularly interested in the study of motion and of atmospheric pressure in relation to height. Throughout his studies and career, he became very good friends with Galileo Galilei and it was important to keep his work alive after his mentor's death in 1642. After the formation of the Accademia del Cimento, Viviani proved instrumental to its work and was involved in experiments with Evangelista Torricelli's barometer and in those relating to freezing water.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library

Viviani P0136.jpg

Bulloch's Roll; DSB; Biographical Dictionary of Italians; MacTutor History of Mathematics archive
Andrade, E N da C. 1964. 'Galileo', in Notes and Records, vol. 19, pp. 120-130
Beretta, M. 2000. 'At the source of Western science: the organization of experimentalism at the Accadmeia del Cimento (1657-1667)', in Notes and Records, vol. 54, pp. 131-151
Cook, A. 2003. '1703 and other anniversaries', in Notes and Records, vol. 57, pp. 1-2
Cook, A. 2004. 'Rome and the Royal Society, 1660-1740', in Notes and Records, vol. 58, pp. 3-19
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA4529
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/004743Viviani, Vincenziond
MS/427/303Copy letter from [Michael] Foster, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr. Wilson27 October 1883
LBO/11A/115Copy letter from Richard Waller, London, to Vincenzo Viviani20 March 1693/1694
CLP/22i/64Paper, Account of 'De locis solidis secunda divinatio geometrica ... [Concerning geometrical prediction of the second solid place]' by Vincentio Viviani1701
CLP/1/21Paper, 'Solutio problematis florentum' [Of the solution to the Florentine problem] by David Gregory in his letter to Edmond Halley1693
P/0136Portrait of Viviani, Vincenzo
CLP/1/21/1Manuscript, 'Solutio problematis florentum' [Of the solution to the Florentine problem] by David Gregory in his letter to Edmond Halley1693
EL/W3/66Richard Waller, dated at London, to Vincent Vivianus of Florence1694
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