Record

Authorised form of nameShoenberg; David (1911 - 2004)
Other forms of nameSchoenberg, David
SurnameShoenberg
ForenamesDavid
Dates1911 - 2004
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
St Petersburg, Russia (04 January 1911)
Death:
Cambridge (10 March 2004)
ActivityProfession:
Physicist
Education:
Emigrated to Britain in 1914 with his family; Latymer Upper School, London; Trinity College Cambridge - BSc (1929-1932) and PhD (1932-1934)
Career:
Began research career studying the riddle of superconductivity - the abrupt loss of all electrical resistance in certain metals when cooled to a critically low temperature near absolute zero, a laboratory observation made in 1911 by Dutch physicist Heike Kammerlingh Onnes - which became the abiding interest of his working life, coupled with a related phenomena involving magnetism, the de Haas-van Alphen effect, and thereby helped found a new branch of physics. His careeer started just as the Royal Society Mond Laboratory was established in Cambridge, having been built specially for the Russian scientist Peter Kapitza to work on very low-temerature pysics. He became University Lecturer in Physics (1944-1952), Reader in Physics (1952-1973), Professor of Physics (1973-1978), Head of the Low Temperature Physics Group, Cavendish Laboratory (1973-1978), Cambridge University; Head of the Royal Society Mond Laboratory (1947-1973); Corporate Official Fellow (1947-1973), Life Fellow, Gonville and Caius College Cambridge; Fritz London Award for Low Temperature Physics (1964); Honorary Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1982); Guthrie Lecture (1961); Krishnan Memorial Lecture (1988). A fluent Russian speaker, he was able to maintain contact with Russian academics during difficult times for exchanges by the international scientific community.
Honours:
MBE 1944
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
19/03/1953
Medals/Prizes:
Hughes Medal 1995
Lectures:
Rutherford Memorial 1980
RelationshipsSon of Sir Isaac Shoenberg, distinguished inventor and electrical engineer who installed the first radio-braodcasting network in his native Russia. Moved to Britain in 1914, worked at EMI and directed the team which developed the first high-definition television system, used by the BBC for a pioneering public high-definition telecast from London in 1938; married (1940) Catherine Felicitee Fischmann (d 2003); one son and two daughters survive him
Published worksMagnetic Oscillations in Metals (1938);
SourcesSources:
Obituaries in The Independent (16 March 2004), The Times (16 March 2004 and 23 March 2004), The Guardian (26 March 2004)
Obituaries:
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 2005 vol 51 pp 379-395, plate, by Sir Brian Pippard FRS
References:
'Address of the President, Sir Michael Atiyah, OM, Given at the Anniversary Meeting on 30 November 1995' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 101-113
Royal Society codeNA5281
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1953/22Shoenberg, David: certificate of election to the Royal Society
PB/9/1/103Correspondence with D Shoenberg1964
HWT/25/5Correspondence and papers regarding Chinese research workers in Britain and British visitors to ChinaJune - July 1966
HWT/25/7Correspondence and papers regarding premature return to China (due to Cultural Revolution) of Chinese research workers in BritainJanuary - September 1967
IM/Meitner Graf/004157Shoenberg, DavidOctober 1954
RR/65/237Referee's report by John Douglas Cockcroft, on a paper 'The magnetic properties of bismuth, III. Further measurements on the de Haas-van Alphen effect' by David ShoenbergNovember 1938
RR/65/236Referee's report by Edmund Clifton Stoner, on a paper 'The magnetic properties of bismuth, III. Further measurements on the de Haas-van Alphen effect' by David Shoenberg1938
RR/66/273Referee's report by Edmund Clifton Stoner, on a paper 'Properties of superconducting colloids and emulsions' by David Shoenberg11 December 1939
RR/70/92Referee's report by Rudolph Ernst Peierls, on a paper 'The intermediate state of superconductors. I. Magnetization of superconducting cylinders in transverse magnetic fields' by M Désirant and David Shoenberg16 January 1948
RR/70/91Letter from Rudolph Ernst Peierls, on a paper 'The intermediate state of superconductors. I. Magnetization of superconducting cylinders in transverse magnetic fields' by M Désirant and David Shoenberg16 January 1948
IM/004158Shoenberg, David1995
PB/1/33/1/8Nobel Prize1948
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