Record

Authorised form of nameKirwan; Richard (1733 - 1812)
Dates1733 - 1812
NationalityBritish
Place of birthCloughballymore, County Galway, Ireland
Date of birth1733
Place of deathDublin, Ireland
Date of death01 June 1812
Dates and placesBurial:
St George's Church, Lower Temple Street, Dublin, Ireland
OccupationBarrister
Research fieldChemistry
Mineralogy
Geology
Meteorology
ActivityEducation:
Poitiers
Career:
Entered Jesuit novitiate, St Omer (1754) but left and returned to Ireland when his brother, Patrick, was killed in a duel and he inherited the family estates (1755); renounced Catholic beliefs in order to be able to be called to the Irish bar (1766); stopped practising law and took up science (1768); lived in London (c1769-1772, 1777-1787); well acquainted with Priestley, Horne Tooke, Henry Cavendish, Edmund Burke; correspondent of Bergman, Scheele, Chaptal, Klaproth and Lavoisier; his 'Elements of Mineralogy' (1784) was the first systematic work on the subject in English; best known work was 'An Essay on Phlogiston and the Constitution of Acids' (1787); awarded Gold Medal Royal Dublin Society for services in acquiring and arranging the Leskean cabinet of minerals (1794); honorary member of the Academies of Stockholm, Uppsala, Berlin, Dijon, Philadephia, the Mineralogical Society of Jena
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election24/02/1780
Royal Society activityMedals and prizes:
Copley Medal 1782
RelationshipsSecond son of Martin Kirwan of Cregg Castle; married (1757) Anne Blake (died 1765) daughter of Sir Thomas Blake of Menlough Castle
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Irish Innovators
References:
W A Smeaton, 'Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, FRS (1737-1816) and his Relations with British Scientists' in NR 1967 vol 22 pp 113-130
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/14880429
Royal Society codeNA5306
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
CB/2/231Copy of a letter from Charles Blagden to Richard Kirwan28 April 1789
CB/2/548Copy of a letter from Charles Blagden to Richard Kirwan25 July 1791
CB/2/553Copy of a letter from Charles Blagden to Richard Lewis23 August 1791
CB/1/1/217Letter from [Berthollet] to Charles Blagden[1785]
CB/1/1/215Letter from Claude Louis Berthollet, Paris to Charles Blagden6 September 1784
CB/2/325Copy of a letter from Charles Blagden to Richard Kirwan20 March 1790
CB/2/517Copy of a letter from Charles Blagden to Richard Kirwan16 April 1791
CB/1/4/197Letter from R Kirwan, Dublin to Charles Blagden, Royal Society, Somerset House, London27 September 1803
L&P/8/131Paper, 'Specific gravities taken at different degrees of heat' by Richard Kirwan1785
L&P/8/64Paper, 'Answer to Mr Cavendish's reply' by Richard Kirwan1784
L&P/9/25Letter, 'On the blue colour of the sky' from John Elliot to Richard Kirwan15 December 1786
L&P/8/164Paper, 'Experiments on hepatic air' by Richard Kirwan24 November 1785
L&P/8/4Paper, 'Of the attractive powers of the mineral acids' by Richard Kirwan1782
L&P/7/248Paper, 'Continuation of experiments and observations on specific gravities' by Richard Kirwan1782
L&P/7/174Paper, 'Experiments and observations on specific gravities and on the attractive power of various saline substances' by Richard Kirwan1780
L&P/8/56Letter, 'Remarks on Henry Cavendish's experiments on air' from Richard Kirwan to Joseph Banks29 January 1784
L&P/8/166Letter, 'On the affinities of substances in spirits of wine' from John Elliot to Richard Kirwan31 October 1785
L&P/8/187Letter, 'On the air expelled from earths' from Arthur Young to Richard Kirwan18 December 1785
L&P/10/64Paper, 'On the origin of basaltes' by Richard Kirwan1793
EC/1779/25Kirwan, Richard: certificate of election to the Royal Society
AP/5/23Unpublished letter, regarding the medicinal powers of music from Thom [Thomas] Peirce to Mr [Richard] Kirwan6 March 1787
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView



    CONTACT US

    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →

    SUBSCRIBE

    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView