Authorised form of nameKerckring; Theodor (1640 - 1693); anatomist and physician
Other forms of nameTheodorus
Other forms of surnameKerckeringh
Dates1640 - 1693
Place of birthFree imperial city of Hamburg, [modern day Germany], Europe
Date of birth1640
Place of deathFree imperial city of Hamburg, [modern day Germany], Europe
Date of death02 November 1693
Research fieldAnatomy
Brought up in Amsterdam, Netherlands; pupil, with Benedict Spinoza, of Franciscus van den Enden; Leyden (MD)
Practised in Amsterdam; dissected over 70 foetuses; converted to Roman Catholicism; left Amsterdam and travelled in Italy (1675-1678); Resident of the Grand Duke of Tuscany in Hamburg (1678-death)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election17/01/1678
ProposerSir Joseph Williamson
Other Royal Society activityCorrespondent to Henry Oldenburg regarding his anatomical researches (1670)
RelationshipsParents: Dirk Kerckring and Magaretha Bas
Married: Clara Maria van den Enden
Additional relatives: father-in-law Francisus van den Enden
Published worksRCN: 47045
RCN: 26816
RCN: 47044
General contextKerckring's most well-known work was his 'Spicilegium Anatomicum' (1670), in which he described and illustrated a variety of anatomical deformities and diseases. He discovered an ossicle, which is still called Kercking's ossicle or process. His observations and illustrations were considered significant contributions to the field at the time. He counted Danish anatomist Niels Steensen and Dutch anatomist Frederik Ruysch amongst his acquaintances.
Bulloch's Roll; Hunter; BIB; Hirsch
Nicholls, A. 1940. 'Theodore Kerckring and his 'Spicilegium Anatomicum'', in The Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 42(5), pp. 480-483
Patel, M et al. 2019. 'Theodor Kerckring (1638-1693) and his contributions to describnig fetal development and craniospinal malformations', in Child's Nervous System, vol. 35, pp. 199-200
BIB gives place of birth as Amsterdam, Hirsch as Hamburg.
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA5482
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
LBO/8/14Copy letter from Theodor Kerckringius, Hamburg4 February 1678
EL/K/6Theodorus Kerckrin, dated at Amsterdam, to Henry Oldenburg1670
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