Authorised form of nameVavilov; Nicholas Ivanovich (1887 - 1943)
Dates1887 - 1943
Date of birth26 November 1887
Date of death26/01/1943
OccupationPlant geneticist
Worked with Bateson at John Innes Horticultural Institution (1913-1914); visited Persia and surrounding countries for work on cereals (1916); Professor of agriculture, botany and genetics, Saratov (1917); head of All Union Institute of Plant Industry; head of Bureau of Genetics, USSR Academy of Sciences; appointed by Lenin as President of Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Director of the Institute of Applied Botany; editor of 'Bulletin of applied botany, genetics and plant breeding'; his views on genetics and evolution were not popular in government circles; conflict with Lysenko (1939), lost his official posts; invited to be president of the International Congress of Genetics in 1939 but had to withdraw as the Russians decided to take no part in the Congress; arrested in 1940 as an alleged British spy and for following Huxley and sent to far north-east of Siberia where he died.
Membership categoryForeign Member
Date of election18/06/1942
RelationshipsHi brother Sergei was also a distinguished physicist and president of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Bulloch's Roll
Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 1954 vol 9 pp 259-264, plate, by S C Harland
Elena S Levina, Vladimir D Yesakov, L Kisselev, 'Nikolai Vavilov: life in the cause of science or science at a cost of life' (2005)
Royal Society codeNA5485
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1942/24Vavilov, Nicholas Ivanovich: certificate of election to the Royal Society
NLB/50/288Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr [Nicholas Ivanovich] Vavilov, 223 Earl's Court Road, S.W.10 June 1914
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