Record

Authorised form of nameCalvin; Melvin (1911 - 1997)
Dates1911 - 1997
NationalityAmerican
Place of birthSt Paul, Minnesota
Date of birth08/04/1911
Date of death08/01/1997
OccupationChemist
ActivityEducation:
Michigan College of Mining and Technology (now Michigan Technological University); University of Minnesota. PhD (1935)
Career:
Studied phthyalocyanic dyes under Michael Polanyi (FRS 1944) at University of Manchester (1935-1937); Instructor, University of California (1937); his work on photosynthesis led to the discovery of the photosynthetic carbon cycle and was the reason for his Nobel Prize; member of the President's Science Advisory Committee (1963-1966); laboratory built for him at the Berkeley campus, now called the Calvin Laboratory (1964); University Professor (1971); member of President's Advisory Group on Major Advances in Science and Technology (1975); member of the Energy Research Advisory Board, Department of Energy (1981-1985); also served in international groups; advised NASA on biological matters
Medals and prizes:
Nobel Prize (Chemistry) 1961
Memberships:
American Chemical Society (President); American Society of Plant Physiology (President); National Academy of Sciences; Fellow of the American Philosophical Society (1960)
Membership categoryForeign Member
Date of election23/04/1959
Age at election48
Royal Society activityMedals and prizes:
Davy Medal 1964
Lectures:
Bakerian 1965
RelationshipsParents were immigrants from Europe; married Genevieve (died 1987); three children, Elin, Karole, Noel
SourcesObituaries:
Biographical Memoirs of the Fellwos of the Royal Society vol 54, 2008, pp 59-70
Biographical memoirs, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society vol 144, no. 4 (December 2000) 454 -457, plate
Royal Society codeNA5958
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MS/926/5/2/9Media articles concerning Apollo missions and lunar sample anaylisis research, collected by Colin Pillinger8 August 1968 - 1 January 1969
EC/1959/26Calvin, Melvin: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MS/926/10/1Viking probe papers, proposal on the potential collection and analysis of Martian soil samples by NASA, by Geoffrey Eglinton13 November 1969 - 14 September 1976
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