Record

Authorised form of nameAdams; John Couch (1819 - 1892); Astronomer
SurnameAdams
ForenamesJohn Couch
Dates1819 - 1892
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Laneast, near Launceston, Cornwall, England (05 June 1819):
Death:
Cambridge (21 January 1892)
Burial:
St Giles' cemetery, now Ascension Cemetery, Cambridge
ActivityResearch Field:
Astronomy, mathematics
Education:
St John's College, Cambridge. BA (1843, Senior Wrangler and 1st Smith's Prizeman), MA
Career:
Fellow, St John's College, Cambridge; Lowndean Professor of Astronomy, Cambridge University (1858); Director, Cambridge Observatory (1861); died after a long illness
Memberships:
FRAS
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
07/06/1849
Medals/Prizes:
Copley Medal 1848
Council:
VP 1875-1876
RelationshipsSon of Thomas Adams, farmer, and his wife Tabitha Knill Grylls; brother of William Grylls Adams (FRS 1872); married (1863) Eliza, daughter of Halliday Bruce of Dublin
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
References:
David W Hughes, 'J C Adams, Cambridge and Neptune', review of H M Harrison, Voyager in Time and Space: The Life of John Couch Adams, Cambridge Astronomer in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 245-248, plate
R W Home, 'The Royal Society and the Empire: the colonial and Commonwealth Fellowship. Part 2. After 1847' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 47-84
R Iliffe and J Young, 'Report. Newton on the net: first and prospective fruits of a Royal Society grant' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 83-88
W Sheehan and S Thurber 'John Couch Adams's Asperger Syndrome and the British non-discovery of Neptune' NR 2007 vol 61 pp285-300
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/19822938
Royal Society codeNA7558
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MM/14/79Note from JC Adams supporting James Challis's application for a Royal Society grant to enable Mr Edward Walker to publish his Adams Prize essay28 September 1865
EC/1849/01Adams, John Couch: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MS/710/3Letter from John Couch Adams, Queen's Hotel, Penzance, to Caroline Fox9 July 1864
MS/769/4Letter from John Couch Adams, Observatory, Cambridge, to Walter White26 May 1884
MS/769/1Letter from John Couch Adams, Observatory, Greenwich, to Walter White, Assistant Secretary, Royal Society6 November 1883
MS/769/3Letter from John Couch Adams, Observatory, Cambridge, to Walter White, Assistant Secretary 27 February 1884
MS/769/2Letter from John Couch Adams, Observatory, Cambridge, to Walter White29 January 1884
NLB/5/1197Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Messrs Harrison & Sons25 January 1892
NLB/8/740Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Fellow of the Royal Society15 December 1893
RR/3/262Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'Elements of a mathematical theory of elasticity' by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin1 July 1856
RR/2/2Referee's report by John Lubbock, on a paper 'On the secular variation of the moon's mean motion' by John Couch Adams25 June 1853
RR/2/1Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the secular variation of the moon's mean motion' by John Couch Adams23 June 1853
RR/4/59Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the gyroscope' by Arthur Hill Curtis1861
RR/2/210Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the theory of definite integrals' by William Henry Leighton Russell23 May 1855
RR/7/19Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the proof of the law of errors of observations' by Morgan William Crofton1870
RR/5/120Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the volumes of pedal surfaces' by Thomas Archer Hirst[1863]
RR/5/249Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'Experiments, made at Watford, on the vibrations occasioned by railway trains passing through a tunnel' by James South11 July 1863
RR/6/22Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the corrections of Bouvard’s elements of Jupiter and Saturn (Paris, 1821)' by Hugh Breennd [1869]
RR/1/245Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on several unnamed papers by William Thomson13 November 1850
RR/9/7Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the stresses caused in the interior of the earth by the weight of continents and mountains' by George Howard Darwin18 January 1882
RR/7/438Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the variations of the daily mean horizontal force of the earth's magnetism produced by the suns rotation and the moon's synodical and tropical revolutions' by John Allan Broun1876
RR/10/29Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On figures of equilibrium of rotating masses of fluid' by George Howard Darwin22 June 1887
RR/8/53Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the calculation of the trajectories of shot' by William Davidson Nivennd [1877]
RR/3/230Letter from John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the stability of loose earth' by William John Macquorn Rankine29 December 1855
RR/9/185Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'The principal cause of the large errors at present existing between the positions of the moon deduced from Hansen’s tables and observation: and the cause of an apparent increase in the secular acceleration in the moon’s mean motion required by Hansen’s tables, or of an apparent change in the time of the earth's rotation' by Edward James Stone15 May 1883
MS/427/110Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary of the H. M. Treasury17 June 1881
MS/427/289Copy letter from [Michael] Foster, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Leonard Courtney Esq. [M.P, Treasury]12 July 1883
MS/427/430Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, President of the Royal Society; to the Astronomer Royal [William Henry Mahoney Christie]23 May 1885
IM/Maull/000028Adams, John Couchnd
NLB/2/16Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor John Couch Adams, Fellow of the Royal Society5 December 1887
RR/9/333Referee's report by John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers14 May 1886
RR/9/341Letter from John Couch Adams, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers to John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh6 November 1886
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