Authorised form of namePlot; Robert (1640 - 1696); naturalist and antiquary
Other forms of surnamePlott
Dates1640 - 1696
Place of birthBorden, Kent, England, Europe
Date of birthc. December 1640
Place of deathSutton Barne, Borden, Kent, England, Europe
Date of death30 April 1696
Dates and placesBaptism:
Borden, Kent, England, Europe (13 December 1640)
Borden church, Kent, England, Europe
OccupationAntiquary; herald
Research fieldNatural history
Free School at Wye, Kent; Magdalen Hall, Oxford (BA 1661; MA 1664; BCL 1671; DCL 1671)
First Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (1683-1690); Professor of Chemistry, Oxford University (1683); Secretary to the Earl Marshal, Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk (FRS 1672) (1687); Registrar of the Court of Chivalry (1687); Historiographer Royal (1688); Mowbray Herald Extraordinary (1694)
Oxford Philosophical Society
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election06/12/1677
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Secretary 1682-1684; Council 1680, 1682-1683, 1687-1688, 1692, 1694; Editor of the 'Philosophical Transactions': 1682-1684 (along with Francis Aston)
RelationshipsParents: Robert Plot and Rebecca Pedenden (or Platenden)
Married: Rebecca Burton (née Sherwood)
Children: Robert Plot and Ralph Sherwood Plot
Published worksRCN: 59277
RCN: 59281
RCN: 59280
General contextThrough his work, Plot became involved in the circle of natural philosophers active in Oxford at that time and which included Robert Boyle (FRS 1660). After he was appointed First Keeper of the Ashmolean, he resigned as Secretary of the Royal Society and could also complete his second publication on 'The Natural History of Stafford-shire' (1686), which followed on from a similar work on the county of Oxfordshire (1677). He also counted Samuel Pepys (FRS 1665) and John Evelyn (FRS 1663) amongst his friends.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Hunter; Foster; Gunther; ODNB
Josten, C H. 1960. 'Elias Ashmole, FRS (1617-1692)', in Notes and Records, vol. 15, pp. 221-230
Mendyk, S. 1984-85. 'Robert Plot: Britain's "Genial Father of County Natural Histories"', in Notes and Records, vol. 39, pp. 159-177
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA7670
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/003607Plot, Robert1991
RBO/8/16'A Catalogue of Electricall Bodies' by the late Dr Robert Plotnd
RBO/6/12'A Paper of Queries concerning the splitting of Trees by the Last Frost' sent by Robert Plot to Viscount Weymouth1684
RBO/8/2'A Catalogue of Some of the Areana and Desiderata in Chymistry' by Dr Plot1698
IM/001264Plot, RobertMay 2003
RBO/7/71'Some observations concerning the substance commonly called black lead' by Robert Plotnd
RBO/6/18'Discourse concerning Sepulchrall Lamps' by Robert Plotnd
CLP/19/93Paper, questions to be asked to 'the most ingenious of each county in my travels through England' by R[obert] P[lot]c.17th century
IM/003606Plot, Robert1994
LBO/8/121Copy letter communicated by Robert Plot from an unknown hand31 January 1682
MS/390/73Bond of Robert Plot to the Treasurer of the Royal Society3 January 1682
CLP/22i/32Paper, 'The Natural History of Staffordshire' by Robert Plot[1687]
CLP/19/94Paper, 'Enquiries to be propounded to the most Ingenious of each County in my Travels through England and Wales, in order to their History of Nature and Arts' by R[obert] P[lot]c.17th century
CLP/16/22Paper, 'Ex inventorio mobilium [...] Matildis de Hakelinton' [From the inventory of the movables of Matilda de Hackelinton] by unknown author[1660-1686]
RBO/8/6Details of an inventory of livestock and consumables (with prices) which belonged to Matilda of Hakelinton taken from a book in the Ashmolean nd
IM/003605Plot, Robertnd
CLP/10i/25Paper, details of a large cucumber grown in Dr William Jacob's garden in Canterbury by Dr [Robert] Plot1686
CLP/11i/27Paper, 'Of some calcinations' by Mr Ballard[1684]
CLP/22i/12Paper, Proposal of a natural history of England based on Pliny's 'Naturalis Historia' by Robert Plot17th century
CLP/9i/39Paper, 'A catalogue of electrical bodies by the late Dr Rob [Robert] Plott [Plot]'c1683
EL/G1/40Letter, from Thomas Graile to Robert Plot, dated at Lassington1685
EL/P1/95Letter, from Robert Plot to Robert Southwell, dated at London24 October 1694
CLP/7i/37Paper, 'A discourse considering the most seasonable time of felling timber by the advice of the honourable Samuel Pepys' by Robert Plot[c1687]
RBO/8/7'A Paper concerning a Monstrous Cucumber' by Dr Plotnd
EL/H3/72Letter, from Robert Huntington to Robert Plot, dated at Trinity College, Dublin18 December 1683
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView


    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →


    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView