Record

Authorised form of namePlot; Robert (1640 - 1696); naturalist and antiquary
Other forms of surnamePlott
Dates1640 - 1696
NationalityBritish
Place of birthBorden, Kent, England, Europe
Date of birthc. December 1640
Place of deathSutton Barne, Borden, Kent, England, Europe
Date of death30 April 1696
Dates and placesBaptism:
Borden, Kent, England, Europe (13 December 1640)
Burial:
Borden church, Kent, England, Europe
OccupationAntiquary; herald
Research fieldNatural history
Archaeology
Chemistry
ActivityEducation:
Free School at Wye, Kent; Magdalen Hall, Oxford (BA 1661; MA 1664; BCL 1671; DCL 1671)
Career:
First Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (1683-1690); Professor of Chemistry, Oxford University (1683); Secretary to the Earl Marshal, Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk (FRS 1672) (1687); Registrar of the Court of Chivalry (1687); Historiographer Royal (1688); Mowbray Herald Extraordinary (1694)
Memberships:
Oxford Philosophical Society
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election06/12/1677
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Secretary 1682-1684; Council 1680, 1682-1683, 1687-1688, 1692, 1694; Editor of the 'Philosophical Transactions': 1682-1684 (along with Francis Aston)
RelationshipsParents: Robert Plot and Rebecca Pedenden (or Platenden)
Married: Rebecca Burton (née Sherwood)
Children: Robert Plot and Ralph Sherwood Plot
Published worksRCN: 59277
RCN: 59281
RCN: 59280
General contextThrough his work, Plot became involved in the circle of natural philosophers active in Oxford at that time and which included Robert Boyle (FRS 1660). After he was appointed First Keeper of the Ashmolean, he resigned as Secretary of the Royal Society and could also complete his second publication on 'The Natural History of Stafford-shire' (1686), which followed on from a similar work on the county of Oxfordshire (1677). He also counted Samuel Pepys (FRS 1665) and John Evelyn (FRS 1663).
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Hunter; Foster; Gunther; ODNB
References:
Josten, C H. 1960. 'Elias Ashmole, FRS (1617-1692)', in Notes and Records, vol. 15, pp. 221-230
Mendyk, S. 1984-85. 'Robert Plot: Britain's "Genial Father of County Natural Histories"', in Notes and Records, vol. 39, pp. 159-177
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/76658346
Royal Society codeNA7670
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/G1/40Thomas Graile, dated at Lassington, to Robert Plot, First Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum1685
RBO/8/2'A Catalogue of Some of the Areana and Desiderata in Chymistry' by Dr Plot1698
IM/003607Plot, Robert1991
RBO/6/18'Discourse concerning Sepulchrall Lamps' by Robert Plotnd
RBO/7/71'Some observations concerning the substance commonly called black lead' by Robert Plotnd
RBO/6/12'A Paper of Queries concerning the splitting of Trees by the Last Frost' sent by Robert Plot to Viscount Weymouth1684
RBO/8/7'A Paper concerning a Monstrous Cucumber' by Dr Plotnd
RBO/8/16'A Catalogue of Electricall Bodies' by the late Dr Robert Plotnd
IM/001264Plot, RobertMay 2003
RBO/8/6Details of an inventory of livestock and consumables (with prices) which belonged to Matilda of Hakelinton taken from a book in the Ashmolean nd
CLP/22i/12Paper, Proposal of a natural history of England based on Pliny's 'Naturalis Historia' by Robert Plot17th century
IM/003606Plot, Robert1994
LBO/8/121Copy letter communicated by Robert Plot from an unknown hand31 January 1682
MS/390/73Bond of Robert Plot to the Treasurer of the Royal Society3 January 1682
CLP/10i/25Paper, details of a large cucumber grown in Dr William Jacob's garden in Canterbury by Dr [Robert] Plot1686
CLP/22i/32Paper, 'The Natural History of Staffordshire' by Robert Plot[1687]
CLP/7i/37Paper, discourse on the most seasonable time to fell timber using the advice of Samuel Pepys by Robert Plot[c1687]
CLP/19/94Paper, 'Enquiries to be propounded to the most Ingenious of each County in my Travels through England and Wales, in order to their History of Nature and Arts' by R[obert] P[lot]c.17th century
IM/003605Plot, Robertnd
CLP/19/93Paper, questions to be asked to 'the most ingenious of each county in my travels through England' by R[obert] P[lot]c.17th century
CLP/9i/39Paper, 'A catalogue of electrical bodies by the late Dr Rob [Robert] Plott [Plot]'c1683
CLP/11i/27Paper, 'Of some calcinations' by Mr Ballard[1684]
EL/P1/95Robert Plot, dated at London, to Robert Southwell24 October 1694
EL/H3/72Robert Huntington, dated at Trinity College, Dublin, to Robert Plot18 December 1683
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