Record

Authorised form of nameHunter; John (1728 - 1793); anatomist and surgeon
Dates1728 - 1793
NationalityBritish
Place of birthLong Calderwood, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Date of birth13 February 1728
Place of deathSt George's Hospital, London
Date of death16 October 1793
Dates and placesBurial:
Vaults of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London (22 October 1793); remains moved to Abbot Islip's Chapel, north side of the nave, Westminster Abbey (28 March 1859)
OccupationSurgeon
Research fieldSurgery
Anatomy
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election05/02/1767
Royal Society activityMedals and prizes:
Copley Medal 1787
Lectures:
Croonian 1775-1782
RelationshipsBrother of William Hunter (FRS 1767); uncle of Matthew Baillie (FRS 1790).
Married the sister of Sir Everard Home (FRS 1787)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
References:
Sir Harold Hartley, 'Richard Owen and William Clift' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 60-62
Lise Wilkinson, '"The Other" John Hunter, MD, FRS (1754-1809): His Contributions to the Medical Literature, and to the Introduction of Animal Experiments Into Infectious Disease Research' in NR 1981-82 vol 36 pp 227-241
Cyril A Clarke, 'In Vitro Fertilization in Bombyx Mori, the Silkworm. Was John Hunter Right or Wrong in 1792?' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 85-92, plate
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/100368494
Royal Society codeNA7714
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/002320Hunter, Johnnd
EC/1766/19Hunter, John: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/002317Hunter, Johnnd
IM/002318Hunter, Johnnd
MM/14/27An extract from the will of Robert Cappe1802
IM/002319Hunter, Johnnd
NLB/6/739Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to G H Wallis, Museum and Art Gallery, the Castle, Nottingham6 July 1892
NLB/7/1030Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mr W Dyer, 7 Mount Street, Grosvenor Square, W.19 June 1893
NLB/7/1051Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to J B Bailey, Librarian, Royal College of Surgeons21 June 1893
L&P/6/125Paper, 'Production of heat by animals and vegetables' by John Hunter1775
MS/319/220Bond of John Hunter to the Treasurer of the Royal Society19 January 1786
L&P/5/310Paper, 'Of the digestion of the stomach after death' by John Hunter18 May 1772
L&P/7/260Paper, 'Effects of muscles [Croonian Lecture 1779]' by John Hunter1782
L&P/7/92Paper, 'An account of the free martin' by John Hunter1779
L&P/4/335Paper, 'Of amphibious bipes' by John Hunter1776
L&P/6/121Paper, 'Account of the gymnotus electricus' by John Hunter1775
L&P/6/121/3Plate, 'The whole of the two organs on each side, the skin being removed as far as these organs extend' by John Hunter1775
L&P/7/189Letter, 'Of a hurricane at Barbadoes' from Gilbert Blane to John Hunter22 December 1780
L&P/7/271/2Plate, 'Round vessel' by John Hunter1781
L&P/7/271/1Paper, 'On muscular contraction [Croonian Lecture]' by John Hunter1781
L&P/6/121/2Plate, 'The whole animal of the full size, laying on it's side' by John Hunter1775
L&P/7/272Paper, 'On muscular contraction [Croonian Lecture]' by John Hunter1782
L&P/7/140Letter, 'Relating to the claim by his brother about the discovery of the mode of foetal circulation' from John Hunter to 17 February 1780
L&P/7/271Paper, 'On muscular contraction [Croonian Lecture]' by John Hunter1781
L&P/6/167Paper, 'Proposals for the recovery of people apparently drowned' by John Hunter1776
L&P/9/37Letter, 'Observations on the cuckoo and on the emigration of birds' from Edward Jenner to John Hunter20 February 1787
L&P/6/253Paper, 'Of the heat of animals and vegetables' by John Hunter1777
L&P/7/166Paper, 'Account of an extraordinary pheasant' by John Hunter1790
L&P/7/137Paper, 'Of a woman with smallpox conveying the disease to a foetus' by John Hunter1779
L&P/7/138Paper, 'Discovery of the mode of foetal circulation claimed as against his brother, John Hunter and on the placenta' by William Hunter3 February 1780
L&P/8/3Paper, 'Of the organ of hearing in fish' by John Hunter1782
L&P/7/205Letter, 'Of a child who had smallpox in the womb' from William Wright to John Hunter27 February 1781
L&P/10/5Paper, 'Observations on bees' by John Hunter1792
L&P/9/41Paper, 'Observations tending to show that the wolf, jackal and dog are all of the same species' by John Hunter1787
L&P/9/35Paper, 'An experiment to determine the effect of extirpating one ovarium upon the number of young produced' by John Hunter1787
L&P/8/143/1Letter, 'Description of a sea animal from Barbados' from Everard Home to John Hunter20 September 1784
L&P/10/88/1Papers; 'Observations on the fossil bones presented to the Royal Society by HSH the Margrave of Ansbach', 'Account of incrusted bones foudn in caves in Germany', 'Account of some remarkable caves and fossil bones found therein' by John Hunter1793
L&P/9/118Letter, 'An account of a particular change of structure in the human ovarium' from Matthew Baillie to John Hunter1788
L&P/10/88Papers; 'Observations on the fossil bones presented to the Royal Society by HSH the Margrave of Ansbach', 'Account of incrusted bones foudn in caves in Germany', 'Account of some remarkable caves and fossil bones found therein' by John Hunter1793
L&P/9/80/1Letter, 'Observations on the natural history of the cuckoo' from Edward Jenner to John Hunter27 December 1787
L&P/9/90/1Letter, 'An account of a remarkable transposition of the viscera' from Matthew Baillie to John Hunter1788
L&P/9/129Letter, 'On the identity of the species of the dog, wolf and jackal' from John Hunter to Joseph Banks1789
L&P/9/165/1Letter, 'An account of a child with a double head' from Everard Home to John Hunter22 May 1790
L&P/10/52Letter, 'Claiming priority in discovering the crystalline humor as muscular' from John Hunter to unknown recipient1793
L&P/10/62/1Paper, 'Account of the muscular nature of the crystalline humour of the eye - based on the late John Hunter's notes (Croonian Lecture, 1793)' by Everard Home4 November 1793
L&P/9/62Paper, 'Observations on the structure and economy of whales' by John Hunter1787
L&P/10/62Paper, 'Account of the muscular nature of the crystalline humour of the eye - based on the late John Hunter's notes (Croonian Lecture, 1793)' by Everard Home4 November 1793
L&P/9/69Paper, 'Some observations on the heat of wells and springs in Jamaica and of the temperature of the earth below the surface in the different climates' by John Hunter11 December 1787
M/077George Fordyce and John Hunter
P/0074Portrait of Hunter, Johnc.1772
MC/2Volume 2 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1832-1838
L&P/7/268Paper, 'On muscular energy [Croonian Lecture]' by John Hunter1776
L&P/7/269Paper, 'Of muscular motion [Croonian Lecture]' by John Hunter1778
MC/2/112Letter from J.F. Palmer, 38 Golden Square, to Dr. [Peter Mark] Roget, Secretary of the Royal Society28 February 1834
MC/2/110Letter from J.F. Palmer, 38 Golden Square, to [Benjamin Collins] Brodie4 February 1834
L&P/7/270Paper, 'On blood vessels considered in the light of muscles [Croonian Lecture]' by John Hunter1780
MC/2/105Letter from J.F. Palmer, 38 Golden Square, to [Benjamin Collins] Brodie16 December 1833
PT/73/9/31Painting, Orkney seal skull by Willm [William] Clift1803
PT/73/12/5Paintings, tumour and femoral artery by Franz [Andreas] Bauer[1826]
L&P/9/62/2Paper, 'Observations on the structure and economy of whales' by John Hunter1787
L&P/9/62/1Letter, 'Observations on the structure and economy of whales' from John Hunter to Joseph Banks25 May 1787
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