Record

Authorised form of nameLodwick; Francis (1619 - 1694); linguistic scholar
Other forms of surnameLodwik
Lodowick
Lodowyck
Lodewyx
Dates1619 - 1694
NationalityBritish
Date of birthc. August 1619
Date of deathc. January 1694
Dates and placesBaptism:
Dutch Church, London, England, Europe (8 August 1619)
Burial:
St Mary Abchurch, London, England, Europe (5 January 1694)
OccupationMerchant
Research fieldLinguistics
ActivityCareer:
Traded abroad in cloth and books; 'informant' of Samuel Hartlib; invented a universal language, phonetic alphabet and Dutch shorthand
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election30/11/1681
Age at election62
ProposerJohn Houghton
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Council 1686-1687, 1689-1690-1693
Committees/panels:
Committee to audit the Treasurers' accounts (1687; 1690)
Other Royal Society activityCorrespondent regarding linguistics and the idea of a universal language (1680s);
Had a paper on universal alphabet partly published in the 'Philosophical Transactions' (1686)
RelationshipsParents: Waldrave Lodwick and Judith Roussel
Married: Mary de le Bo
Published worksRCN: R81218
RCN: 50978
General contextWith the project to construct a philosophical language, Lodwick was amongst men such as Robert Hooke (FRS 1663), a close friend of his, as well as John Ray (FRS 1667), and Thomas Pigott (FRS 1679), who all strived to complete work started by John Wilkins (FRS 1660). It is also possible that Lodwick was acquainted with the writer Daniel Defoe. In total, Lodwick published three works on the topic of linguistics. His name was used for a time by Esperanto creator L L Zamenhof.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB (MP); Hunter; ODNB
References:
Lewis, R. 2002. 'The publication of John Wilkins's Essay (1668): some contextual considerations', in Notes and Records, vol. 56, pp. 133-146
Notes:
Baptism information from DNB. On Printed Lists for 1692 and not after.
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/29861558
Royal Society codeNA7801
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MS/390/4Bond of Francis Lodwick to the Treasurer of the Royal Society10 January 1682
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