Record

Authorised form of nameDouglas; James (1702 - 1768); 14th Earl of Morton
SurnameDouglas
ForenamesJames
Dates1702 - 1768
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Edinburgh, Scotland (1702)
Death:
Chiswick, Middlesex (12 October 1768)
ActivityResearch Field:
Astronomy
Education:
MA (1722, King's College, Cambridge)
Career:
Founder, and first President, of the Philosophical (later Royal) Society of Edinburgh. Imprisoned, with his wife and child, in the Bastille for three months (1746) but allowed to return to England (1747); Lord Clerk Register of Scotland (1760); one of the first Trustees of the British Museum
Honours:
KT 1738
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
19/04/1733
Council:
PRS 1764-1768; VP 1763-1764
RelationshipsSon of George, 13th Earl of Morton, and his second wife Frances, daughter of William Adderley of Kent; married 1) Agatha, daughter of James Halyburton; their son was Sholto Charles Douglas, 15th Earl of Morton (FRS 1754); 2) Bridget Heathcote; grandfather of George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton (FRS 1785)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
References:
David Philip Miller, 'The "Hardwicke Circle": the Whig Supremacy and its Demise in the 18th-Century Royal Society' in NR 1998 vol 52 pp 73-91
Notes:
From the Journal Book, 19 April 1733: Lord Aberdowe son to the Earl of Morton, was proposed by Mr Hadley, and also recommended by Lord D'arcy and Mr Wray, and being put to the ballot was elected Fellow
Bulloch's Rollstates that he 'was apparently styled Lord Aberdour 1730-1738, he succeeded to the Peerage 1738 being a "nobleman of distinguished abilities as well as of eminent learning" '.
Royal Society codeNA7826
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
AB/1/2/1/104Audit at Lord Morton's house28 November 1767
AB/1/2/2/5Letter to James West from Lord Morton22 November 1765
AB/1/2/1/106Letter from Lord Morton, Brook Street to James West8 December 1767
AB/1/2/1/66Letter from James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton, Brook Street to James West6 October 1764
AB/1/2/1/105Letter from Lord Morton, Brook Street to James West, Kings Street, Covent Garden1 December 1767
DM/1/104Bill for the payment by the Earl of Morton (for Royal Society) to Thomas Chippendale10 March 1767
DM/1/109Agreement between the Earl of Morton and Messrs Davis & Reymers concerning the sale of spare copies of the 'Philosophical Transactions'25 July 1766
L&P/4/316Letter, 'Of a comet observed at Kirknewton' from Alexander Bryce to James Douglas11 April 1766
L&P/4/371Paper, 'Of Blakey's steam-engine' from James Ferguson to James Douglas19 March 1767
L&P/4/147Letter, 'Send specimens of newspaper from a plant called Bayssus filamentis plumosis volantibus' from Alexander Dick to James Duncan21 February 1763
L&P/4/253Letter, 'Of an improved barometer' from Edward Spry to James Douglas28 February 1765
L&P/4/314Letter, 'Of the petrified trees at Gilsland' from J Farish to James Douglas30 January 1766
L&P/4/208Letter, 'Of the solar elipse of April 1' from Edward Spry to James Douglas12 April 1764
L&P/4/213Letter, 'Astronomical observations' from Christian Mayer to James Douglas3 May 1764
L&P/4/352Letter, 'Of Coluber cerastes, the horned viper of Egypt' from John Ellis to James Douglas1766
L&P/4/189Letter, 'Barometer readings' from Robert Wardale to James Douglas27 October 1763
L&P/4/261Letter, 'Of improving the harbours and inland navigation of Great Britain' from C Holmes to James Douglas12 March 1765
L&P/4/338Letter, 'Of measuring the velocity of the wind' from Alexander Bryce to James Douglas13 May 1766
L&P/4/376Letter, 'Of swallowing a plum-stone' from Alexander Powell to James Douglas5 February 1767
L&P/4/185Letter, 'Of lime-tree bark' from Reverand Bryce to James Douglas11 January 1764
L&P/4/299Letter, 'On electricity in medicine' from unknown author to James Douglas28 January 1766
L&P/4/188Letter, 'Of rainfall' from William Borlase to James Douglas31 December 1763
L&P/4/304Letter, 'On the double horns of the rhinoceros' from James Parsons to James Douglas1766
L&P/4/348Letter, 'Of the eclipse of 1765' from Emanuel Croy to James Douglas9 April 1766
L&P/5/27/1Letter, 'A medical case' from Giuseppe Benvenuti to James Douglas1768
L&P/4/354Letter, 'Of two Parthian coins' from John Swinton to James Douglas20 June 1766
L&P/4/384Letter, 'Eruption of Mount Vesuvius' from William Hamilton to James Douglas3 February 1767
L&P/4/393Letter, 'Of a Parthian coin' from John Swinton to James Douglas25 April 1767
L&P/5/77Letter, 'On ague' from Ham Stacey to James Douglas13 January 1769
L&P/5/54Letter, 'Of astronomical observations at Ewetzingen in 1767-8' from Christian Mayer to Charles Morton and James Douglas1768
RBO/18/32'An Abstract of a Book intitled: A short account of Mortifications, and the surprizing effect of the Bark in putting a Stop to their progress etc by John Douglas, Surgeon'1732
L&P/5/3Letter, 'The eruption of Mount Vesuvius of 1767' from William Hamilton to James Douglas29 December 1767
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