Record

Authorised form of nameVoltaire; Francois Marie Arouet de (1694 - 1778)
Other forms of nameVoltaire, Francois Marie Aroyet de; Arouet, Francois Marie; de Voltaire, Francois Marie Aroyet
SurnameVoltaire
ForenamesFrancois Marie Arouet de
Dates1694 - 1778
NationalityFrench
Dates and placesBirth:
Paris, France (21 November 1694)
Death :
Paris, France (30 May 1778)
Burial:
Pantheon, Paris
ActivityResearch Field:
Literature
Education:
College Louis-le-Grand
Career:
In the suite of the Marquis de Chateauneuf, French Ambassador to Holland, but was sent home in disgrace; began to write satire and was banished from Paris; imprisoned in the Bastille, after which he changed his name to Voltaire; had to leave France and went to England (1726); returned to France and lived with Gabrielle Emilie Marquise du Chatelet-Lomont (1734-1747); went to Berlin as Chamberlain to Frederick the Great (1750-1753); settled near Geneva (1758) and farmed, reclaimed waste land, and bred horses as well as writing; wrote 'Candide', one of the first works to suggest a rational explanation for catalstrophes hitherto regarded as the works of an angry deity, such as the 1755 earthquake which destroyed Lisbon; visited Paris, but the excitement and fatigue brought on illness of which he died (1778)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
3/11/1743
RelationshipsSon of Francois Arouet, notary, and his wife Marie Marguerite Daumont; the name Voltaire was an anagram of Arouet le jeune, or Arovet l i
General contextElected FRS while countries at war (War of the Austrian Succession)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB
References:
Milo Keynes, 'The Personality of Isaac Newton' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 1-56
W Johnson, 'Voltaire After 300 Years' in NR 1994 vol 48 pp 215-220, plate
W Johnson, 'Newtonianism Pour la France', review of Robert L Walters and W H Barber, eds, Elements de la Philosophie de Newton, by Voltaire, in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 313-315, plate
P Casini, 'Newton's Principia and the Philosophers of the Enlightenment' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 35-52
G R de Beer, 'John Morgan's Visit to Voltaire' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 148-158
D McKie and G R de Beer, 'Newton's Apple - an Addendum' in NR 1952 vol 9 pp 333-335
M Bailey Ogilvie, 'In her place. Pandora's breeches: women, science and power in the enlightenment, by P Fara' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 314-315
G R de Beer, 'The relations between Fellows of the Royal Society and French Men of Science when France and Britain were at war' in NR 1952, pp244-299
J P Zinsser, 'Mentors, the marquise Du Chatelet and historical memory' in NR 2007 vol 61 pp 89-108J P Zinsser, 'Mentors, the marquise Du Chatelet and historical memory' in NR 2007 vol 61 pp 89-108
J S Rowlinson, 'John Freind: physician, chemist, Jacobite, and friend of Voltaire's' in NR 2007 vol 61 pp 109-127
Notes:
Pogg gives date of birth as 20 February 1694.
Royal Society codeNA8020
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/004745Voltaire, Francois Marie Aroyet dend
MM/16/41Letter from Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Paris, to Martin Folkes29 March 1743
MM/16/18Note describing a small collection of letters addressed to James Jurin, Secretary of the Royal Society1878
MM/15/10Copy of a letter from Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Paris, to Martin Folkes29 November 1743
NLB/17/219Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Jean Jules Jusserand, 60 Avenue Marceau, Paris7 September 1898
M/231Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet de
EC/1743/07Voltaire, Francois Marie Aroyet de: certificate of election to the Royal Society
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