Authorised form of nameMenshikov; Aleksandr Danilovich (1673 - 1729); Prince
Other forms of nameMenzicoff; Alexander Danilovich; Menshikov, Prince Aleksandr
ForenamesAleksandr Danilovich
Dates1673 - 1729
Dates and placesBirth:
Moscow (16 November 1673) [Old Style 6 November 1673]
Beryozovo, Siberia, Russia (23 November 1729) [Old style 12 November 1729]
Rumoured to be illiterate
Private, and later lieutenant, in the 1st Regiment of Guards; discovered a plot to assassinate Peter and put his sister Princess Sophia on the throne; Governor of Schusselburg and afterwards of the Province of Ingria; accompanied Peter on his travels to Holland and England (1697-1699); fought in the Azoff campaign (1695-1696), and at the Battle of Poltava (1709); Field Marshal (1709); Regent of Russia in the absence of Czar, his conduct provoked many complaints of injustice and corruption, but he was acquitted; First Minister of the Russian Empire; Generalissimo of the Russian Cavalry; after the death of Peter, used all his efforts to put Catherine on the throne of Russia and had absolute power over the Empire; after her death, staged a coup d'etat but was overthrown, exiled to Siberia with his wife and children and forced to surrender his enormous wealth (1727); died of a slow fever
Royal Society activityMembership:
Election Date:
RelationshipsPossibly the son of a servant of Peter the Great; his eldest daughter was betrothed to Czar Peter II before his attempted coup
Bulloch's Roll; La Harpe - de 'Memoirs of Prince Menzicoff, favourite of Peter the Great' (London: for Matthew Iley, 1819)
John H Appleby, 'James Spilman, FRS (1680-1763), and Anglo-Russian Commerce' in NR 1994 vol 48 pp 17-29
J H Appleby, 'The founding of St Petersburg in the context of the Royal Society's relationship with Russia' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 273-284
Soviet Encyclopaedia (1st edn) gives birth date as 1670, 2nd edition gives 1673. The text in the Citation field from his diploma as a Fellow of the Society, dated 21 Oct 1714 (see archive reference)
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA8076
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/W3/93Richard Waller, dated at London, to Prince Alexander Menzicoff21 October 1714
EL/W3/94Copy of Prince Alexander Menzicoff's diploma upon his election to the Fellowship1714
DM/5/56Draft of a diploma for Alexander Danilovich Menzicoff, marking his election as a Fellow of the Royal Society21 October 1714
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