Record

Authorised form of nameChristie; Samuel Hunter (1784 - 1865); mathematician
SurnameChristie
ForenamesSamuel Hunter
Dates1784 - 1865
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
90 Pall Mall, London, England, United Kingdom, Europe (22 March 1784)
Death:
Ailsa Villa, Twickenham, London, England, United Kingdom, Europe (24 January 1865)
Burial:
St. Mary the Virgin Churchyard, Twickenham, London, England, United Kingdom, Europe (30 January 1865)
ActivityResearch Field:
Magnetism
Education:
Walworth School
Trinity College Cambridge (1800-1805)
Career:
Captain of university volunteers' grenadier company; graduated as second wrangler (1805); appointed third mathematical master at Royal Military Academy (1806); promoted to first mathematical master (1830) and became professor until his retirement (1838-1854)
Memberships:
FRAS (1838)
Clubs:
Athenaeum (1837)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
12/01/1826
Proposers: John F.W. Herschel; Charles Babbage; Thomas F. Colby; Peter Barlow; Baden Powell; George Harvey; Robert Woodhouse; Adam Sedgwick; George Peacock; Basil Hall; Henry Foster; William Edward Parry; Frederick Pollock
Lectures:
Bakerian Lecture (1833) on 'Experimental Determination of the Laws of Magneto-Electric Induction in different masses of the same metal, and of its intensity in different metals' (DOI: 10.1098/rstl.1833.0011)
Council:
Secretary (1837-1854); Proposed for Principal Secretary (November 1838)
Committee appointments include: Catalogue Committee (1 December 1832); Telescope Committee (1 December 1832); Meteorological Committee (1 December 1832); Medal Committee; Donation Fund Committee (13 December 1832); Committee of Mathematics; Committee of Physics
RelationshipsParents: James Christie (c.1739-1825) and Sarah Margaret Pomroy (c.1737-1813)
Married: 1) Elizabeth Theodora Claydon (12 May 1808) 2) Margaret Ellen Malcolm (15 October 1844)
Children: James Robert Christie (1814-1879); Charles Claydon Christie (c. 1810-1861); Sir William Henry Mahoney Christie FRS (1845-1922); Margaret Ellen Tallent (1847-1848); six other children
Father of Sir William Henry Mahoney Christie (FRS 1881)
Published works'An Elementary Course of Mathematics' (1845; 1847)
General contextChristie's research was almost exclusively focussed on terrestrial magnetism. He observed the alteration of iron's magnetic properties through rotation, demonstrated the relationship between temperature and magnetic intensity, and additionally showed a relationship between the aurora borealis and terrestrial magnetism. Furthermore, he was a central figure in the establishment of the colonial magnetic observatories and was key in the delivery process based at the Woolwich arsenal.
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; ODNB
Woolwich Churchyard Monumental Inscriptions
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1866-1867 vol 15 pp xi-xiv
References:
Ronald Anderson, 'The Referees' Assessment of Faraday's Electromagnetic Induction Paper of 1831' in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 243-256
James Gabriel O'Hara, 'Gauss and the Royal Society: The Reception of His Ideas on Magnetism in Britain (1832-1842)' in NR 1983-84 vol 38 pp 17-78
K K Schwarz, 'Faraday and Babbage' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 367-381
Notes:
Citation: one word deliberately obscured
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/3254784
Royal Society codeNA8168
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
AP/27/1On the Measurement of Distances by the Telescope1841
AP/27/3An account of a large and remarkably luminous spot in the sea with remarks on the water taken thence6 October 1843
MM/10/159'Description of a Percussion Shell to explode at the bottom of the Sea', by John Norton1840
AP/31/13Remarks on De la Rive's Theory for the physical explanation of the causes of what produces the Diurnal Variation of the Magnetic Declination16 April 1849
AP/29/4On a new and practical form of Voltaic Battery of the highest powers, in which Potassium forms the positive elementNovember 1846
AP/30/19A Statement of the working of compasses on board the Honourable East India Company's Iron Steamer 'Pluto'1848
MM/17/38Letter from Thomas Bell to Samuel Hunter Christie17 May [1850]
AP/27/24The Theory of Vision 1 March 1845
AP/23/10The Structure and functions of the Spleen1839
AP/17/6On the Influence of the Sun's Rays on the Magnetic Needle16 October 1832
MM/21/38Letter from the Admiralty to Samuel Hunter Christie, Royal Society17 October 1853
AP/27/25On a Peculiar Souce of deteoriation of the magnetic power of Steel Bars23 May 1845
MM/14/39Letter from William Spence, 18 Lower Seymour Street, to S H Christie18 April 1845
AP/12/9Experiments and Observations on the Rotation of an Iron Plate 18 inches in diameter as affecting the Magnetic Needle as suggested by S H Christie Esq of Woolwich1825
AP/25/11The Scholar's Lute among the Chinese1840
AP/17/7Remarks on Mr Snow Harris's communication 'On the Influence of the Sun's Rays on the Magnetic Needle' by Samuel Hunter Christie26 November 1832
AP/23/36Present State of the Diamond mines of Golconda 1840
AP/23/20An Account of the Process employed in Photographic Drawing 20 February 1839
AP/34/21On the Extension of the value of the ratio of the Circumference of a Circle to its Diameters to 440 places at decimals4 October 1852
AP/36/10The Attraction of Ellipsoids considered geometrically19 April 1854
AP/30/1On the Disruptive Discharge of accumulated Electricity, and the Proximate Cause of Lightning1847
RR/1/91Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'Observations on heat lightening' by Hancock 6 March 1833
RR/2/211Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'On the extension of the value of the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter' by William Rutherford[1853]
RR/1/40Referee's report by William Whewell, on a paper 'Experimental of laws of magneto-electric induction in different masses of the same metal, and of Intensity in different metals' by Samuel Hunter Christie[1833]
RR/1/122Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'Report of magnetic experiments tried board an iron steam-vessel, by order of the Right Honourable the Lords commissioners of the Admiralty' by Edward J Johnson[1836]
RR/1bis/5Letter from George Peacock, to Samuel Hunter Christie, regarding a paper 'On the resolution of numerical equations' by Joseph Agar11 May 1845
RR/1/62Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie and John Bostock, on a paper 'Experimental researches in electricity' by Michael Faraday5 April 1832
RR/1/67Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'Magnetical experiments made principally in the south part of Europe and in Asia Minor, during the years 1827 to 1832' by George Fisher13 March 1833
RR/1/207Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'On the method employed for exploding a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen gases, by a spark obtained from a common magnet' by William Ritchie10 June 1832
RR/1/166Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'On the geometrical forms of turbinated and discoid shells' by Henry Moseley9 July 1838
RR/1/235Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'An experimental inquiry into the relative merits of magnetic electrical machines and voltaic batteries, as implements of philosophical research' by William Sturgeon[c.1830]
RR/1/239Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'Investigation of new series for the rectification of the circle' by James Thomson11 January 1837
RR/1bis/3Letter from Samuel Hunter Christie, to Joseph Agar, regarding a paper 'On the resolution of numerical equations' by Joseph Agar11 February 1845
RR/1bis/34Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'A method of proving the three leading properties of the ellipse and the hyperbola from a well-known property of the circle' by Jonathan Frederick Pollock[1843]
RR/1/41Letter from Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism - No. VIII' by Edward Sabine2 June 1846
RR/1/206Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie and William Hasledine Pepys, on a paper 'On the law which connects the various magneto-electric phenomena, lastly discovered by Dr Faraday' by William Ritchie31 January 1838
RR/1/73Referee's report by Samuel Hunter Christie, on a paper 'On certain irregularities in the magnetic needle, produced by partial warmth, and the relations which appear to subsist between terrestrial magnetism and the geological structure and thermo-electrical currents of the earth' by Robert Were Fox27 June 1832
MS/426/21Copy letter from [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society to Nicholas Carhols Esq., the Common, Bromwich13 November 1841
MS/426/137Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to S H [Samuel Hunter] Christie Esq., Woolwich13 June 1845
MS/426/129Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Messrs. Forbes and Co. Bombay [Mumbai, India]10 April 1845
MS/426/329Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to S H [Samuel Hunter] Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society19 May 1848
MS/426/169Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to M [Michael] Faraday Esq3 December 1845
MS/426/52Copy letter from [John William] Lubbock, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Shuckard, Esq.8 April 1842
CMP/1/2Minutes of a meeting of Council of the Royal Society13 December 1832
MS/426/69Copy letter from [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [George Biddel] Airy, Esq, Astronomer Royal, Royal Observatory, Greenwich19 January 1843
MS/710/23Letter from Samuel Hunter Christie, Royal Military Academy, to Sir Charles Lemon10 December 1837
AP/20/8Report upon a letter addressed by the Baron de Humboldt to HRH the President of the Royal Society and communicated by HRH to the Council9 June 1836
MM/22/18Letter from the Royal Society to John Pye Smith24 January 1840
MS/426/261Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to S H [Samuel Hunter] Christie, Esq16 February 1847
CMP/1/1Minutes of a meeting of Council of the Royal Society1 December 1832
EC/1825/14Christie, Samuel Hunter: certificate of election to the Royal Society
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