Authorised form of nameHodgkin; Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (1910 - 1994); chemist
Dates1910 - 1994
Place of birthCairo, Egypt
Date of birth12/05/1910
Place of death1947
Date of death29/07/1994
Research fieldChemical crystallography
X-ray crystallography
Sir John Leman School, Beccles; Newnham College Cambridge; Somerville College, Oxford (1928-1932, Chemistry)
Research work on sterols, with J D Bernal (FRS 1937) at Cambridge; returned to Oxford and continued work with X-ray analysis; University Lecturer and Demonstrator (1946); University Reader in X-ray crystallography (1956); Wolfson Research Professor of the Royal Society (1960-1977); her students at Somerville College included Margaret Thatcher; Vice-President, Medical Aid Committee for Vietnam (1965), President (1971); second woman to be appointed to the Order of Merit (1965); Chancellor, Bristol University (1970-1988); President, International Union of Crystallography (1972-1975); President, Pugwash conferences on Science and World Affairs (1976-1988); President, British Association for the Advancement of Science (1977-1978)
Medals and prizes:
Nobel Prize (Chemistry) 1964
OM 1965
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election20/03/1947
Age at election36
Royal Society activityMedals and prizes:
Royal Medal 1956; Copley Medal 1976
Tercentenary 1960; Bakerian 1972
RelationshipsMarried (1937) Thomas Lionel Hodgkin (died 1982); three children, Luke Howard (born 1938), Prudence Elizabeth (born 1943), John Robin Tobias (born 1946)
NCUACS 47/3/94 and 135/8/04. Papers and correspondence deposited in the Bodleian Library, Oxford
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 2002 vol 48 pp 179-219, plate, by G Dodson FRS
Sir John Cornforth, 'Portrait of Dorothy Hodgkin, OM, FRS' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 1-4, plate
Joan Mason, 'The Women Fellows' Jubilee' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 125-140
S Ramaseshan, 'Dorothy Hodgkin and the Indian Connection' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 115-127, plate
J Corden, 'Web of Science History' project in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 383-388
D Blow and S Wallwork, 'Prehistory of the British Crystallographic Association' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 177-186
P Harper, 'Preserving scientific archives: the work of NCUACS' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 227-232
Royal Society codeNA8241
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
M/261Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot
HWT/25/6Correspondence and papers regarding Chinese research workers in Britain and British visitors to ChinaAugust - December 1966
P/0158Portrait of Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1980
HWT/25/7Correspondence and papers regarding premature return to China (due to Cultural Revolution) of Chinese research workers in BritainJanuary - September 1967
P/0159Drawing, hands of Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1978
IM/GA/WS/2717Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/002159Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary CrowfootNovember 2003
IM/007145Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary CrowfootJuly 1984
P/0226Portrait of Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot2005
RR/71/232Referee's report by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, on a paper 'An X-ray study of horse methaemoglobin. II' by Max Ferdinand Perutz1948
RR/61/101Referee's report by John Desmond Bernal, on a paper 'The crystal structure of insulin. I. The investigation of air-dried insulin crystals' by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot HodgkinDecember 1937
RR/68/447Referee's report by John Monteath Robertson, on a paper 'The crystal structure of cholesteryl iodide' by C H Carlisle and Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin[1944]
RR/72/170Referee's report by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, on a paper 'The crystal structure of horse met-myoglobin. I. General features: the arrangement of the poly-peptide chains' by John Cowdery Kendrew1949
IM/002158Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
EC/1947/13Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/GA/AR/7132Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/004389Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot2003
IM/007144Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1965
IM/007143Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/007146Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/007142Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootc 1951
RR/66/26Referee's report by William Henry Bragg, on a paper 'X-Ray crystallography and the chemistry of the steroids. Part I' by John Desmond Bernal, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin and I Fankuchen[April 1940]
RR/66/25Referee's report by Ian Morris Heilbron, on a paper 'X-Ray crystallography and the chemistry of the steroids. Part I' by John Desmond Bernal, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin and I Fankuchen15 May 1940
IM/002157Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/007147Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootc 1951
P/0152Portrait of Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1982
AP/83/13Supporting data, regarding 'The structure of vitamin B12. VIII. The crystal structure of vitamin B12-5'-phosphate' by S W Hawkinson, C L Coulter, Marsha L Greaves and Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin[1970]
RR/65/131Letter from Archibald Vivian Hill, on an unnamed paper by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin to the Secretary of the Royal Society31 May 1938
AP/82/16Supporting data, regarding 'The structure of vitamin B12 V. The structure of the air-dried crystals of vitamin B12' by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, June Lindsey, R A Sparks, K N Trueblood and John Graham White[1962]
AP/82/20Supporting data, regarding 'The structure of Vitamin B12 VI. The structure of crystals of vitamin B12 grown from and immersed in water' by Clara Brink-Shoemaker, Durward William John Cruickshank, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, M. Jennifer Kamper and Diana Pilling[1964]
AP/83/18Supporting data, regarding 'The structure of vitamin B12. IX. The crystal structure of cobyric acid, factor V 1a' by K Venkatesan, D Dale, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, C E Nockolds, F H Moore and B H O’Connor[1971]
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView


    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →


    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView