Record

Authorised form of nameHodgkin; Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (1910 - 1994); chemist
SurnameHodgkin
ForenamesDorothy Mary Crowfoot
Dates1910 - 1994
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Cairo, Egypt (12 May 1910)
Death:
29 July 1994
ActivityProfession:
Physicist
Research Field:
Chemical crystallography; X-ray crystallography
Education:
Sir John Leman School, Beccles; Newnham College Cambridge; Somerville College, Oxford (1928-1932, Chemistry)
Career:
Research work on sterols, with J D Bernal (FRS 1937) at Cambridge; returned to Oxford and continued work with X-ray analysis; University Lecturer and Demonstrator (1946); University Reader in X-ray crystallography (1956); Wolfson Research Professor of the Royal Society (1960-1977); her students at Somerville College included Margaret Thatcher; Vice-President, Medical Aid Committee for Vietnam (1965), President (1971); second woman to be appointed to the Order of Merit (1965); Chancellor, Bristol University (1970-1988); President, International Union of Crystallography (1972-1975); President, Pugwash conferences on Science and World Affairs (1976-1988); President, British Association for the Advancement of Science (1977-1978)
Honours:
OM 1965
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
20/03/1947
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1956; Copley Medal 1976; Nobel Prize (Chemistry) 1964
Lectures:
Tercentenary 1960; Bakerian 1972
RelationshipsMarried (1937) Thomas Lionel Hodgkin (died 1982); three children, Luke Howard (born 1938), Prudence Elizabeth (born 1943), John Robin Tobias (born 1946)
SourcesAssocMaterial:
NCUACS 47/3/94 and 135/8/04. Papers and correspondence deposited in the Bodleian Library, Oxford
Obituaries:
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 2002 vol 48 pp 179-219, plate, by G Dodson FRS
References:
Sir John Cornforth, 'Portrait of Dorothy Hodgkin, OM, FRS' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 1-4, plate
Joan Mason, 'The Women Fellows' Jubilee' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 125-140
S Ramaseshan, 'Dorothy Hodgkin and the Indian Connection' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 115-127, plate
J Corden, 'Web of Science History' project in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 383-388
D Blow and S Wallwork, 'Prehistory of the British Crystallographic Association' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 177-186
P Harper, 'Preserving scientific archives: the work of NCUACS' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 227-232
Royal Society codeNA8241
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
P/0226Portrait of Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot2005
M/261Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot
HWT/25/6Correspondence and papers regarding Chinese research workers in Britain and British visitors to ChinaAugust - December 1966
P/0158Portrait of Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1980
HWT/25/7Correspondence and papers regarding premature return to China (due to Cultural Revolution) of Chinese research workers in BritainJanuary - September 1967
P/0159Drawing, hands of Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1978
IM/GA/WS/2717Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/GA/AR/7132Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/002159Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary CrowfootNovember 2003
IM/007145Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary CrowfootJuly 1984
RR/61/101Referee's report by John Desmond Bernal, on a paper 'The crystal structure of insulin. I. The investigation of air-dried insulin crystals' by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot HodgkinDecember 1937
RR/71/232Referee's report by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, on a paper 'An X-ray study of horse methaemoglobin. II' by Max Ferdinand Perutz1948
RR/66/25Referee's report by Ian Morris Heilbron, on a paper 'X-Ray crystallography and the chemistry of the steroids. Part I' by John Desmond Bernal, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin and I Fankuchen15 May 1940
RR/65/131Letter from Archibald Vivian Hill, on an unnamed paper by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin to the Secretary of the Royal Society31 May 1938
RR/68/447Referee's report by John Monteath Robertson, on a paper 'The crystal structure of cholesteryl iodide' by C H Carlisle and Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin[1944]
RR/72/170Referee's report by Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, on a paper 'The crystal structure of horse met-myoglobin. I. General features: the arrangement of the poly-peptide chains' by John Cowdery Kendrew1949
P/0152Portrait of Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1982
IM/002158Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
EC/1947/13Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/004389Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot2003
IM/007144Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot1965
IM/007143Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
RR/66/26Referee's report by William Henry Bragg, on a paper 'X-Ray crystallography and the chemistry of the steroids. Part I' by John Desmond Bernal, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin and I Fankuchen[April 1940]
IM/007146Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/007142Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootc 1951
IM/002157Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootnd
IM/007147Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfootc 1951
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