Record

Authorised form of namePlayfair; Lyon (1818 - 1898); 1st Baron Playfair
SurnamePlayfair
ForenamesLyon
Dates1818 - 1898
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Chunar, Bengal, India (21 May 1818)
Death:
His residence in Onslow Gardens, London (29 May 1898)
Burial:
St Andrews, Fife
ActivityResearch Field:
Chemistry
Education:
St Andrews; Edinburgh University; Giessen. PhD
Career:
Professor of Chemistry, Royal Instiution, Manchester (1843); Chemist to the Geological Survey of Great Britain (1847); Professor of Chemistry, Edinburgh University (1853-1858); MP for the Universities of Edinburgh and St Andrew's (1868-1865); Privy Councillor (1873); Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons (1880-1883); MP for Leeds (1885-1892); Lord-in-Waiting (1892)
Honours:
CB 1851; Baron 1892; GCB 1895
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
9/06/1848
Council:
VP 1874-1875
RelationshipsSecond son of George Playfair MD, Inspector General of Hospitals, Bengal, and his wife Janet, daughter of John Ross of Edinburgh
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1898-1899 vol 64 pp ix-xi signed by A C B
References:
Margaret Gowing, 'Science, Technology and Education: England in 1870. The Wilkins Lecture, 1976' in NR 1977-8 vol 32 pp 71-90
A Gibson and W V Farrar, 'Robert Angus Smith, FRS, and "Sanitary Science"' in NR 1973-4 vol 28 pp 241-262
Sir Patrick Linstead, 'The Prince Consort, FRS, and the Founding of the Imperial College' in NR 1962 vol 17 pp 15-31
Vanity Fair 20 February 1875 - "Chemistry" by 'Spy'
D Carr Agnew, 'Robert Fitzroy and the myth of 'Marsden Square': Transatlantic rivalries in early marine meteorology' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 21-46
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/59894144
Royal Society codeNA8270
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1848/13Playfair, Lyon, 1st Baron Playfair: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/003603Playfair, Lyon, 1st Baron Playfairnd
VF/30Portrait of Lyon Playfair20 February 1875
MS/743/1/58Copy letter from Lyon Playfair and Philip Guthrie Tait, College, Edinburgh, to Sir David Brewster25 April 1863
IM/003601Playfair, Lyon, 1st Baron Playfair1999
IM/Maull/003602Playfair, Lyon, 1st Baron Playfairnd
IM/003489Playfair, Lyon, 1st Baron Playfair1851
NLB/4/159Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir Lyon Playfair, Fellow of the Royal Society26 February 1890
NLB/5/33Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir Lyon Playfair, Fellow of the Royal Society21 February 1891
NLB/5/7Copy letter from [Sir Lyon Playfair], to Fellows of the Royal Society16 February 1891
NLB/5/896Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir Lyon Playfair, [Fellow of the Royal Society]11 November 1891
NLB/14/634Copy letter from the Secretary of the Royal Society, to Lord Lyon Playfair, [Fellow of the Royal Society]12 April 1897
NLB/16/769Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Messrs Harrison & Sons3 June 1898
RR/2/70Referee's report by Lyon Playfair, on a paper 'On a new series of organic bodies containing metals' by Edward Frankland26 July 1852
RR/3/190Referee's report by Lyon Playfair, on a paper 'On the action of bile upon fats; with additional observations on excretine' by William Marcet13 October 1858
RR/3/186Referee's report by Lyon Playfair, on a paper 'On the immediate principles of human excrements in the healthy state' by William Marcet6 April 1857
RR/3/277Referee's report by Lyon Playfair on a paper 'On some new ethyl-compounds containing the alkalimetals' by James Alfred Wanklyn6 August 1858
RR/4/152Referee's report by Lyon Playfair, on a paper 'On the sources of the nitrogen of vegetation; with special reference to the question whether plants assimilate free or uncombined nitrogen' by John Bennet Lawes, Joseph Henry Gilbert and Evan Pugh25 January 1859
RR/3/187Letter from Lyon Playfair, on a paper 'On the immediate principles of human excrements in the healthy state' by William Marcet18 April 1857
MS/427/131Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary of the Governors Body of West[minster] School1 November 1881
MS/427/81Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary, Governing Body, Westminster School20 January 1881
IM/003604Playfair, Lyon, 1st Baron Playfairnd
NLB/4/1130Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to the Right Honourable Sir Lyon Playfair24 January 1891
NLB/5/9Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir Lyon Playfair, [Fellow of the Royal Society]16 February 1891
MS/426/532Copy letter from Edward Sabine, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Lord Rosse [William Parsons], President of the Royal Society10 November 1854
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