Record

Authorised form of nameLister; Martin (1639 - 1712); physician and naturalist
Dates1639 - 1712
NationalityBritish
Place of birthRadclive, Buckinghamshire, England, Europe
Date of birthc. April 1639
Place of deathEpsom, Surrey, England, Europe
Date of death2 February 1712
Dates and placesBaptism:
Radclive, Buckinghamshire, England, Europe (11 April 1639)
Burial:
Clapham Church, London, England, Europe
Research fieldZoology
Geology
ActivityEducation:
Mr Barwick's School, Melton, Leicestershire; St John's College, Cambridge (BA 1659; MA 1662); Oxford (MD 1684)
Career:
Travelled in France; practised in York (1670-1683) and London (1684); accompanied the Earl of Portsmouth on his embassy to Paris (1698); Physician to the Queen (1703-1712); benefactor to the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
Memberships:
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (1687)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election02/11/1671
ProposerHenry Oldenburg
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
VP 1685-; Council 1683-1685, 1693-1694, 1697, 1699
Other Royal Society activityCorresponded regularly with Henry Oldenburg and had several letters published in the 'Philosophical Transactions'
RelationshipsParents: Sir Martin Lister and Susanna Thornhurst (née Temple)
Married: Hannah Parkinson
Children: multiple, including Anne Lister and Susanna Lister
Additional relatives: great-uncle Sir Matthew Lister
Published worksRCN: 49800
RCN: 49801
RCN: 49802
RCN: 49803
RCN: 49799
RCN: 49808
RCN: 49798
RCN: 49805
RCN: 49806
RCN: 49891
RCN: 49804
RCN: 49797
RCN: 49794
RCN: 49796
General contextLister was a regular correspondent and friend with John Ray (FRS 1667), who travelled with him and Philip Skippon (FRS 1667). His first book, 'Historia animalium Angliae tres tractatus' was published in the late 1670s and contained a systematic description of English spiders. He was also a member of the Temple Coffee House club, which met regularly to discuss natural history. He is considered an early, if not the first, observer of spiders and their structure and behaviour, which has led to him sometimes being designated the first arachnologist.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Venn; Hunter; Foster; ODNB
References:
Allen, D E. 1993. ''Spider-Man at Work', review of John Parker and Basil Harley, eds, Martin Lister's English Spiders 1678', in Notes and Records, vol. 47, pp. 144-145
Fontes da Costa, P. 2002. 'The Culture of Curiosity at The Royal Society in the first half of the eighteenth century', in Notes and Records, vol. 156, pp. 147-166
Hall, M B. 'The Royal Society's Role in the Diffusion of Information in the Seventeenth Century', in Notes and Records, vol. 29, pp. 173-192
Hunter, M. 1976-7. 'The Social Bias and Changing Fortunes of an Early Scientific Institution: An Analysis of the Membership of the Royal Society, 1660-1685', vol. 31, pp. 9-114
Unwin, R W. 1995. 'A Provincial Man of Science at Work: Martin Lister, FRS, and his Illustrators 1670-1683', in Notes and Records, vol. 49, pp. 209-230
Notes:
Later possible birth date is from Hunter. Lister's correspondence is available under the EMLO (Early Modern Letters Online) project [http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=martin-lister; last accessed 28/07/2022]
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/100199531
Royal Society codeNA8382
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/L5/78Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg nd
RBO/7/92'Of the Origine of white Vitriol and the figure of its Chrystalls not yet accounted for' by Martin Listernd
EL/D1/38Samuel Dale, dated at Braintree, Essex, to Martin Lister1 February 1698
EL/L5/63Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 1 December 1673
EL/T/55Ralph Thoresby to Martin Lister22 December 1698
EL/L5/81Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg 15 September 1677
RBO/6/14'A Cement for the coating of Cisterns' communicated by Martin Listernd
EL/C2/30A notice from D'iacinto Cestone of Leghorn to Martin Lister1697
CLP/16/47Account of Roman antiquities found in Yorkshire by Martin Listernd
RBO/8/46Letter from Thomas Molyneux to Martin Lister containing some additional observations on the Giant's Causeway1698
EL/L5/20Martin Lister, dated at Carlton in Craven, to Henry Oldenburg9 August 1670
RBO/6/9'Tables of Sands and Clays' by Martin Lister1684
MM/10/89"Martini Lister Methodus Conchyliorum"17th century
RBO/6/8'Of the Quicksilver rising and falling in the Barometer; And what may be gathered from its great rise in frosty weather' by Martin Lister20 March 1684
RBO/8/12'Estralto di Notizie Sopra la nuova Scoperta dell'origine d'elle pulci' sent in a letter to Martin Listernd
RBO/6/20'Some Experiments about Freezing, and the Difference betwixt common fresh Water Ice, and that of Sea Water: Also a probable conjecture about the Originall of the Niter of Aegypt' by Martin Lister14 January 1685
RBO/7/50'An Account of the Nature and Differences of the Juices particularly of English Vegetables' by Martin Listernd
RBO/7/55'Concerning several Plants may be usefully cultivated for Produceing Grass or Hay' by Martin Listernd
RBO/9/23'An account of the Symptoms that attended two boys who had handled and washed a dog's head which had been bit by a mad dog' communicated by Martin Listernd
RBO/9/28'A new discovery of the original of Fleas' - extract from a letter from D'iacinto Cestone of Leghorn to Martin Lister1697
IM/002779Lister, Martin and Goedartius, Johannes1995
CLP/22i/55Paper, 'Sanctorii Sanctorii de statica medicina aphorismorum sectiones septem' with commentary by Martin Lister[1701]
CLP/22i/66Paper, 'Apicii Coelii de opsoniis et condimentis, sive arte coquinaria [Coeilius liked by bees concerning feasting and seasoning or the art of the kitchen] ' by Apicii Coelii7 March 1705
EL/T/30Richard Towneley, dated at Towneley, to Martin Lister9 October 1693
EL/L5/42Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 10 January 1671
IM/005324Lister, Martin1990
EL/N1/30Walter Needham to Martin Lister1673
EL/L5/80Martin Lister, dated at Leatherhead, to Tancred Robinson2 May 1701
EL/L5/24Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg28 January 1670
IM/005251Lister, Martin1995
EL/L5/55Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 28 June 1673
EL/L5/68Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 28 January 1673
EL/L5/37Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 25 August 1671
CLP/9i/51Paper, 'Coal-borings with role or record had from Mr Maleverer of Arncliffe in Yorkshire' by Maleverer[1698]
CLP/9i/52/2Plate, ten figures showing fossils of aquatic animals by William Jones[1698]
CLP/9i/52/3Plate, nine figures showing fossils of aquatic animals by William Jones[1698]
CLP/9i/52/1Manuscript, 'An explication of the figures in the plate with further remarks by another Fellow of the Royal Society' by Edward Lhwyd in a letter to Martin Lister[1698]
CLP/10i/33Paper, 'An account of the nature and differences of the juices, more particularly, of our English vegetables' by Dr [Martin] Lister[1690s]
CLP/9i/52Paper, 'An explication of the figures in the plate with further remarks by another Fellow of the Royal Society' by Edward Lhwyd in a letter to Martin Lister[1698]
EL/L5/27Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg4 March 1670
EL/L5/51Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 1 January 1672
EL/L5/119Edward Lhwyd to Martin Lister1693
EL/L5/73Martin Lister, daetd at York, to Henry Oldenburg 16 January 1675
EL/L5/40Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 28 October 1671
EL/L5/43Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 24 February 1671
CLP/10i/34Letters, 'Concerning severall plants may be usefully cultivated for producing grasse or hay' by Dr Martin Lister[1696]
EL/B2/54Baudelot to Martin Lister nd
EL/L5/33Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg 31May 1671
EL/L5/48Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 23 October 1672
EL/L5/58Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 2 September 1673
EL/I1/166Francis Jessop to Martin Lister1673
EL/L5/62Martin Lister's answer to Nehemiah Grew 1673
EL/L5/46Martin Lister, dated at York, to John Brook 12 April 1672
EL/L5/75Copy of a letter from Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg 27 June 1675
EL/L5/64Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg 19 December 1673
EL/B2/40Letter from Richard Bulkeley to Martin Lister, dated at Old Bawn10 February 1693
EL/D1/35David Davies, dated at Brathwaite, to Martin Lister28 June 1684
EL/L5/41Martin Liste, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 11 November 1671
EL/L5/32Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 30 May 1671
EL/L5/52Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 8 January 1672
EL/L5/38Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 13 September 1671
EL/L5/39Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 16 October 1671
CLP/14i/47Paper, 'Of a venomous scratch with the tooth of a porpos [porpoise], its symptoms and cure' by Martin Lister[1690s]
EL/L5/74Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 27 June 1675
EL/P1/108Monsieur Poupart to Martin Listernd
EL/L5/65Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 3 January 1674
EL/L5/67Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 19 January 1674
EL/L5/50Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 12 December 1672
EL/L5/57Copy of letter from Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg 1673
EL/L5/34Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 14 June 1671
EL/L5/76Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 7 February 1674
EL/H3/84Christopher Hunter, dated at Stockton, to Martin Lister15 May 1702
EL/H3/55Robert Hooke, dated at Gresham College, to Martin Lister5 January 1678
EL/L5/49Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 15 November 1672
EL/L5/29Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg8 April 1671
EL/L5/28Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg17 March 1670
EL/L5/66Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 7 January 1673
EL/I1/167Francis Jessop, dated at Broomhall, to Martin Lister15 September 1673
EL/B2/48Part of a letter from Mr Butterfield, dated at Paris, to Martin Lister7 September 1698
EL/C2/31Part of a letter from Robert Clarke, dated at Lincoln, to Martin Lister8 November 1697
EL/M1/105Thomas Molyneux, dated at Dublin, to Martin Lister25 March 1698
EL/L5/59Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 18 September 1673
EL/L5/25Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg8 February 1670
EL/L5/36Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 17 July 1671
EL/L5/44Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 19 March 1671
EL/L5/21Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg23 December 1670
EL/I1/164Francis Jessop of Bromhal in Yorkshire, to Martin Lister25 June 1673
EL/H3/85Christopher Hunter, dated at Stockton, to Martin Lister29 May 1702
EL/L5/121Edward Lhwyd to Martin Lister1693
EL/H3/82Christopher Hunter, dated at Newcastle upon Tyne, to Martin Lister6 November 1700
EL/L5/35Martin Lister to Henry Oldenburg 5 July 1671
EL/L5/23Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg25 January 1670
EL/L5/61Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 4 November 1673
EL/L5/30Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 28 April 1671
EL/L5/45Martin Lister, dated at York, to the Archbishop of York10 April 1672
EL/L5/47Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 10 October 1672
EL/L5/71Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 6 April 1674
EL/L5/120Edward Lhwyd, dated at Dol Gelhey, to Martin Lister20 January 1694
EL/S2/9Robert Sibbald, dated at Edinburgh, to Martin Lister20 January 1697
EL/S2/8Robert Sibbald, dated at Edinburgh, to Martin Lister26 October 1696
EL/L5/77Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 9 July 1676
EL/T/53Ralph Thoresby, dated at Leeds, to Martin Lister30 October 1697
EL/L5/79Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 15 September 1677
EL/L5/56Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 26 July 1673
EL/L5/26Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg15 February 1670
EL/I1/170Copy of a letter from Francis Jessop to Martin Lister1674
EL/L5/22Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg10 January 1671
EL/L5/70Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 12 March 1673
EL/W3/54Nicolaus Witsen, dated at Amsterdam, to Martin Lister3 October 1698
EL/L5/60Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 25 October 1673
EL/O2/52Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Martin Lister27 July 1671
EL/O2/118Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Martin Lister12 June 1673
EL/O2/97Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Martin Lister29 October 1672
EL/H3/83Christopher Hunter, dated at Stockton, to Martin Lister7 April 1702
EL/O2/43Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Martin Lister20 January 1670
EL/L5/69Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 7 February 1673
EL/L5/122Edward Lhwyd, dated at Oxford, to Martin Lister1693
EL/L5/53Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 21 May 1673
EL/L5/72Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 15 July 1674
EL/W2/17John Wallis, dated at Oxford, to Martin Lister12 January 1673
EL/L5/54Martin Lister, dated at York, to Henry Oldenburg 24 June 1673
CLP/14i/48Paper, 'An observation of 2 boys bitt by a mad dog' by Martin Lister[1690s]
CLP/20/94Paper, Concerning M. [Jean de] Hautefeuille's work by Robert Hooke31 May 1699
EL/O2/138Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Martin Lister18 November 1673
EL/T/52Ralph Thoresby, dated at Leeds, to Martin Lister11 November 1696
EL/O2/99Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Martin Lister12 December 1672
EL/L5/123Edward Lhwyd, dated at Pembroke, to Martin Lister5 June 1698
RBO/8/39'An account of a Young Man Slain with Thunder and Lightning December 22 1698' from Ralph Thoresby to Martin Lister1698
RBO/7/49'An Account of the Roman Pottery' by Ralph Thoresby sent to Martin Listernd
RBO/6/63'A Proposal of a new way of Cutting for the Stone of the Bladder' by Martin Lister1685
RBO/6/3Several observations of salty water by Martin Lister16 January 1683
CLP/15i/23Letter, 'Of spiders and snails' from Mr Skippon to John RayFebruary 1668
CLP/15i/57Paper, regarding the anatomy of the scallop by Martin Lister1697
CLP/15i/61Extract of a letter, 'Concerning the insect called libella' from François Poupart to Martin Lister1699
EL/A/33Minutes of the Dublin Philosophical Society, sent by St George Ashe, dated at Trinity College Dublin24 November 1685
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