Record

Authorised form of nameNewton; Sir; Isaac (1642 - 1727); natural philosopher and mathematician
SurnameNewton
ForenamesIsaac
Dates1642 - 1727
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Woolsthorpe manor-house, Colsterworth, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England (25 December 1642)
Death:
Kensington, London, England (20 March 1727)
Burial:
Westminster Abbey, London, England
ActivityResearch Field:
Mathematics, dynamics, mechanics, celestial mechanics, astronomy, optics, natural philosophy
Education:
Grantham Grammar School; Trinity College, Cambridge, BA (1665), MA (1668)
Career:
Left Cambridge because of the plague and spent two years at Woolsthorpe, where he did most of the work on colours and mechanics, including gravity, later published in the 'Principia Mathematica' and 'Opticks' (1665-1667); Fellow of Trinity (1667-death); Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge (1669-1701); MP for Cambridge University (1689, 1701); Warden of the Mint (1696); Master of the Mint (1699-death); Commissioner for Assessment for Cambridge, Cambridge University and Lincolnshire (1689-1690); acknowledged throughout Europe as a great scientist, philosopher and mathematician, he was involved in bitter controversies with Robert Hooke (FRS 1663), with Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (FRS 1673) over the calculus and with John Flamsteed (FRS 1677) over the publication of his astronomical observations; his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster; Benefactor to the chapels of Christ's and Trinity Colleges, Cambridge and to Addenbrooke's Hospital
Honours:
Kt 1705
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
11/01/1672
Proposers:
Seth Ward
Council:
PRS 1703-1727; Council 1697, 1699
RelationshipsPosthumous son of Isaac Newton of Woolsthorpe and his wife, Hannah, daughter of James Ayscough of Market Overton, Rutland; unmarried
Published workshttps://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n79007443/
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Hunter; Venn; Henning
AssocMaterial:
Newton papers are available online, at (1) Newton Project, Sussex University - http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/prism.php?id=1
(2) Also at National Library of Israel - http://dlib.nli.org.il/R/?func=collections&collection_id=7856
Papers deposited at King's College Cambridge;
References:
John Hedley Brooke, 'Isaac's faith', review of James E Force and Richard H Popkin (eds) Newton and religion: context, nature and influence in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 113-115
William Shea, 'Evolution not revolution', review of Margaret J Osler (ed) Rethinking the scientific revolution in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 106-107
Marta Cavazza, 'The Institute of Science of Bologna and the Royal Society in the eighteenth century' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 3-25, plate
Sir John Craig, 'The Royal Society and the Royal Mint' in NR 1964 vol 19 pp 156-167
Sir John Craig, 'Isaac Newton and the Counterfeiters' in NR 1963 vol 18 pp 136-145
S Chapman, 'Edmond Halley, FRS, 1656-1742' in NR 1956-57 vol 12 pp 168-174
Richard S Westfall, 'Short-writing and the State of Newton's Conscience, 1662' in NR 1963 vol 18 pp 10-16
R K Bluhm, 'Henry Oldenburg, FRS (c. 1615-1677)' in NR 1960 vol 15 pp 183-197
Margaret Deacon, 'Founders of Marine Science in Britain: the Work of the Early Fellows of the Royal Society' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 28-50
Lord Adrian, 'Newton's Rooms in Trinity' in NR 1963 vol 18 pp 17-24
John Thomas, 'Josiah Wedgwood's Portrait Medallions of Fellows of the Royal Society' in NR 1963 vol 18 pp 45-53, plate
James L Axtell, 'Locke's Review of the Principia' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 152-161
J F Scott, 'The Reverend John Wallis, FRS (1616-1703)' in NR 1960 vol 15 pp 57-67
J E McGuire and P M Rattansi, 'Newton and the "Pipes of Pan"' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 108-143
J A Lohne, 'Isaac Newton: the Rise of a Scientist 1661-1671' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 125-139
I Bernard Cohen, '"Quantum in se est": Newton's Concept of Inertia in Relation to Descartes and Lucretius' in NR 1964 vol 19 pp 131-155
Henry Guerlac, 'Newton's Optical Aether: his Draft of a Proposed Addition to his Opticks' in NR 1967 vol 22 pp 45-57
H A Feisenberger, 'The Libraries of Newton, Hooke and Boyle' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 42-55
E N da C Andrade, 'The Birth and Early Days of the Philosophical Transactions' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 9-27
E N da C Andrade, 'Samuel Pepys and the Royal Society' in NR 1963 vol 18 pp 82-93
Douglas McKie, 'Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, FRS, 1657-1757' in NR 1956-57 vol 12 pp 193-200
D McKie and G R de Beer, 'Newton's Apple - an Addendum' in NR 1952 vol 9 pp 333-335
D T Whiteside, 'Newton's Marvellous Year: 1666 and All That' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 32-41
D T Whiteside, 'Isaac Newton: Birth of a Mathematician' in NR 1964 vol 19 pp 53-62
A N L Munby, 'The Keynes Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton at King's College, Cambridge' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 40-50
A N L Munby, 'The Distribution of the First Edition of Newton's Principia' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 28-39
A D Atkinson, 'The Royal Society and English Vocabulary' in NR 1956-57 vol 12 pp 40-43
C S S, 'The Society's Library' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 21-27
H W Robinson, 'Gleanings from the Library - I. A Note on the Early Minutes' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 92-95
A Rupert Hall, 'Cambridge: Newton's legacy' in NR 2001 vol 55 pp 205-226
A Rupert Hall and A D C Simpson, 'An Account of the Royal Society's Newton Telescope' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 1-11
A Rupert Hall, 'Isaac Newton and the Aerial Nitre' in NR 1998 vol 52 pp 51-61
A Rupert Hall, 'John Collins on Newton's Telescope' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 71-78
A Rupert Hall, 'The Francis Affair Reconsidered' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 179-184
A W F Edwards, 'Is the Frontispiece of Gulliver's Travels a Likeness of Newton?' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 191-194, plate
D Lynden-Bell and R M Lynden-Bell, 'On the Shapes of Newton's Revolving Orbits' in NR 1997 vol 51 pp 195-198
D Lynden-Bell, 'The Wonderful Geometry of Dynamics', review of S Chandrasekhar, Newton's Principia for the Common Reader in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 253-255
Milo Keynes, 'The Personality of Isaac Newton' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 1-56, plate
R Willach, 'New Light on the Invention of the Achromatic Telescope Objective' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 195-210
Sir Alan Cook, 'Ladies in the Scientific Revolution' in NR 1997 vol 51 pp 1-12
Sir Alan Cook, 'Seeds of the Scientific Revolution', review of Edward Grant, The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages, Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts and Benedino Gemelli, Aspetti dell'Atomismo classico nella Filosofia di Francis Bacon e nel Seicento, Accademia toscana di Scienze e Lettere "La Colombaria", 'Studi' CLII in NR 1997 vol 51 pp 327-334
Sir Alan Cook, 'The 350th Anniversary of the Birth of G W Leibniz, FRS' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 153-163
Sir Alan Cook, 'The Gatekeeper of the Modern World', review of Niccolo Guicciardini, Reading the Principia; The Debate on Newton's Mathematical Methods for Natural Philosophy from 1687 to 1736 in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 109-113
Walter Munk, 'Solving the Tidal Problem', review of David E Cartwright, Tides: A Scientific History in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 116-119
A Rupert Hall, 'A Practical Natural Philosopher', review of Alan Cook, Edmond Halley: Charting the Heavens and the Seas in NR 1998 vol 52 pp 369-371
A E Shapiro, 'Huygens' Traite de la Lumiere and Newton's Opticks: Pursuing and Eschewing Hypotheses' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 223-247
A R Hall, 'Newtonianism After 300 Years' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 5-9
A Rupert Hall, 'Beyond the Fringe: Diffraction as Seen by Grimaldi, Fabri, Hooke and Newton' in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 13-23
A Rupert Hall, review of The Preliminary Manuscripts for Isaac Newton's 1687 Principia 1684-1685. Facsimiles of the Original Autographs, Now in Cambridge University Library in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 307-309
Anita McConnell, 'L F Marsigli's Visit to London in 1721, and his Report on the Royal Society' in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 179-204
D G King-Hele, 'Introductory Remarks' in NR 1988 vol 42 p 3, plate
D L Simms and P L Hinkley, 'Brighter Than How Many Suns? Sir Isaac Newton's Burning Mirror' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 31-51
D T Whiteside, 'The Evolution of the Principia from 1665 to 1686' in NR 1988 vol 42 p 11
D T Whiteside, 'The Latest on Newton…', essay review in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 111-117
D T Whiteside, 'The Prehistory of the Principia from 1664 to 1686' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 11-61
D W Hughes, 'The Principia and Comets' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 53-74
David J Thomas, 'Joseph Raphson, FRS' in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 151-167
E A Fellmann, 'The Principia and Continental Mathematicians' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 13-34
Frank Smithies, review of Stuart Hollingdale, Makers of Mathematics in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 309-311
G J Whitrow, 'Newton's Role in the History of Mathematics' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 71-92
H A M Snelders, 'Christiaan Huygens and Newton's Theory of Gravitation' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 209-222
I Bernard Cohen, 'Newton's Description of the Reflecting Telescope' in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 1-9
J M T Thompson, 'The Principia and Contemporary Mechanics: Chaotic Dynamics and the New Unpredictability' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 97-122
M C W Hunter, 'The Crown, the Public and the New Science, 1689-1702' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 99-116
Mary Fellgett, 'Some Influences on the Young Isaac Newton' in NR 1988 vol 42 p 243
P Casini, 'Newton's Principia and the Philosophers of the Enlightenment' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 35-52
P M Harman, 'Newton to Maxwell: the Principia and British Physics' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 75-96
Simon Schaffer, 'The Glorious Revolution and Medicine in Britain and the Netherlands' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 167-190
Sir Alan Cook, 'Edmond Halley and Newton's Principia' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 129-138
Stuart Hollingdale, '"Voyaging Through Strange Seas of Thought, Alone"', review of A Rupert Hall, Isaac Newton: Adventurer in Thought in NR 1994 vol 48 pp 154-156, plate
V S Kirsanov, 'The Earliest Copy in Russia of Newton's Principia: Is it David Gregory's Annotated Copy?' in NR 1992 vol 46 pp 203-218
A A Mills and P J Turvey, 'Newton's Telescope: An Examination of the Reflecting Telescope Attributed to Sir Isaac Newton in the Possession of the Royal Society' in NR 1978-9 vol 33 pp 133-155
A A Mills and R Hall, 'The Production of a Plane Surface. As Illustrated by Specula From Some Early Newtonian Telescopes' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 147-166
A A Mills, 'Newton's Prisms and His Experiments on the Spectrum' in NR 1981-82 vol 36 pp 13-36, plate
A A Mills, 'Newton's Water Clocks and the Fluid Mechanics of Clepsydrae' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 35-61
A Rupert Hall, 'Further Newton Correspondence' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 7-34
A Rupert Hall, 'Newton and His Editors. The Wilkins Lecture, 1973' in NR 1974-5 vol 29 pp 29-52
Charles H Cotter, 'The Mariner's Sextant and the Royal Society' in NR 1978-9 vol 33 pp 23-36
G L'E Turner, 'James Short, FRS, and his Contribution to the Construction of Reflecting Telescopes' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 91-108
J A Chaldecott, 'Cromwell Mortimer, FRS (c. 1698-1752) and the Invention of the Metalline Thermometer for Measuring High Temperatures' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 113-135
J A Lohne, 'Experimentum Crucis' in NR 1968 vol 23 pp 169-199
Joan L Hawes, 'Newton's Revival of the Aether Hypothesis and the Explanation of Gravitational Attraction' in NR 1968 vol 23 pp 200-212
K A Baird, 'Some Influences Upon the Young Isaac Newton' in NR 1986-87 vol 41 pp 169-179
L W Johnson and M L Wolbarsht, 'Mercury Poisoning: A Probable Cause of Isaac Newton's Physical and Mental Ills' in NR 1979-80 vol 34 pp 1-9
N Feather, 'Rutherford - Faraday - Newton' in NR 1972-3 vol 27 pp 45-55
P D Lawrence and A G Molland, 'David Gregory's Inaugural Lecture at Oxford' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 143-178
P E Spargo and C A Pounds, 'Newton's "Derangement of the Intellect": New Light on an Old Problem' in NR 1979-80 vol 34 pp 11-32
P M Rattansi, 'The Intellectual Origins of the Royal Society' in NR 1968 vol 23 pp 129-143
R W Ditchburn, 'Newton's Illness of 1692-3' in NR 1980 vol 35 pp 1-16
Roy L Bishop, 'Rainbow Over Woolsthorpe Manor' in NR 1981-82 vol 36 pp 3-11
'Image of Newton re0opens historic divide; article in 'Nature' 18/9/1997, p221 [re Sir Edward Paolozzo statue in courtyard of British Library
P Fontes da Costa, 'The Culture of Curiosity at The Royal Society in the first half of the eighteenth century', NR 2002 vo l56 pp 147-166
M Marotta 'Sir Isaac Newton; Warden and Master of the Mint' in 'The Numismatist' Vol 114, Number 11, November 2001
M V Wilkes, 'Charles Babbage and his world' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 353-365
W R Shea, 'The shifting image of Newton. Newton: the making of a genius, by P Fara' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 391-392
A Cook, '1703 and other anniversaries' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 1-2
J S Rowlinson, 'Le Sage's Essai de chymie mechanique' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 35-45
B Heap, 'From the dust of the Earth? Things come to life: spontaneous generation revisited by Henry Harris' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 107-108
A Cook, 'The end of the affair. The correspondence of John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal, vol 3 (1703-1719) by E G Forbes, L Murdin and F Willmoth' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 113-116
A Cook, 'Two Anniversaries' in NR 2003 vol 57 p 133
D E Cartwright, 'The Tonkin tides revisited' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 135-142
J P Zinsser, 'The ultimate commentary: a consideration of I Bernhard Cohen's Guide to Newton's Principia' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 231-238
J Henry, 'Newton for philosophers. The Cambridge Companion to Newton, edited by I Bernard Cohen and G E Smith' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 246-247
M Hesse, 'An eighteenth-century polymath. William Stukeley: science, religion and archaeology in eighteenth century England, by D B Haycock' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 248-249
J H Appleby, 'The founding of St Petersburg in the context of the Royal Society's relationship with Russia' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 273-284
R Iliffe and J Young, 'Report. Newton on the net: first and prospective fruits of a Royal Society grant' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 83-88
M Hunter, 'Report. Robert Hooke revivified' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 89-91
J Gray, 'Harriot Restored. <i>The greate invention of algebra: Thomas Harriot's treatise on equations</i>, by Jacqueline A Stedall' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 101-102
L Jardine, 'The 2003 Wilkins Lecture: Dr Wilkins's boy wonders' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 107-129
P Fara, 'Theatrical Science. C Djerassi and D Pinner, Newton's darkness: two dramatic views' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 237-238
P Fara, 'Lucasian Professors. From Newton to Hawking: a history of Cambridge University's Lucasian professors of mathematics, ed K C Knox and R Noakes' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 312-313
M Bailey Ogilvie, 'In her place. Pandora's breeches: women, science and power in the enlightenment, by P Fara' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 314-315
J S Rowlinson, 'Mixed mathematics. 'Masters of theory: Cambridge and the rise of mathematical physics' by A Warwick' in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 94-96
R Higgett, 'President, patron, friend and lover: Charles Montagu's significance to the history of science' in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 155-170
A Belenkiy & E V Echague, 'History of one defeat: reform of the Julian calendar as envisaged by Isaac Newton' in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 223-254
R MacFarlane, 'Royal Society Miscellaneous Manuscripts' in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 309-312
J T Young, 'Newton on the Net: an update' in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 313-316
J T Young, 'Isaac Newton's alchemical notes in the Royal Society' in NR 2006 vol 60 pp 25-35
P Quarrie 'The Scientific library of the earls of Macclesfield' in NR 2006 vol 60 pp 5-25
D King-Hele, 'The many images of Isaac Newton. 'The iconography of Sir Isaac Newton, to 1800' by M Keynes' in NR 2006 vol 60 pp 215 - 216
M J Osler, 'A hero for their times: early biographies of Newton' in NR 2006 vol 60 pp 291-305
M Keynes 'Balancing Newton's mind: his singular behaviour and his madness on 1692-3' in NR 2008 vol 62 pp 289-300
Imagen Clarke 'How to manage a revolution: Isaac Newton in the early twentieth century.' N&R 2014 vol 68 pp 323-327
M Joalland and S Mandelbrote 'Isaac Newton l earns Hebrew: Samuel Johnson's 'Nova cubi Hebraei tabella'' in N&R Vol 70 Issue 1 March 2016 pp9-22
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/22146457
Royal Society codeNA8414
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
M/162Farthing coin of Isaac Newton1793
EL/N1/51Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg29 February 1676
EL/N1/40Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg for Ignatius-Gaston Pardies10 June 1672
IM/003305Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003288Apple Tree1995
M/180Newton, Sir Isaac1727
M/160Newton, Sir Isaac
IM/003279Newton, Sir Isaacnd
EL/N1/63Observations of the sun and moon at the spring equinox by Isaac Newtonnd
EL/N1/45Extract of a letter from Isaac Newton to John Collins 1672
IM/003302Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003269Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003270Newton, Sir Isaac1996
IM/003300Newton, Sir Isaac1991
M/161Halfpenny token of Isaac Newton1793
EL/N1/41Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg30 July 1672
IM/003301Newton, Sir Isaacnd
MM/1/14Letter from J Mill, Oxford, to Isaac Newton21 February 1693
M/179Newton, Sir Isaac1726
IM/003303Newton, Sir Isaacnd
MM/5/41Letter from Edmond Halley, Chester, to Isaac Newton13 February 1696
EL/L5/108Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Hanover, to Isaac Newton17 March 1693
IM/003310Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003292Newton, Sir Isaac2001
M/158Newton, Sir Isaac
IM/003282Newton, Sir Isaaccirca 1725
RBO/4/39'Isaaci Newtoni Matheseos in Acad. Cantab. professoris Inventum Novum quo Telescopia longa insigniter contrahuntur citra effecti fraudem'nd
IM/003285Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003287Newton, Sir Isaacnd
RBO/4/44'A discourse Of Mr Isaac Newton containing his New Theory about Light and Colours, sent by him from Cambridge February 6 1672'1672
IM/003265Newton, Sir Isaacnd
MM/16/107"Zu Isaak Newtons 200 Todestage", by Albert Einstein
EL/H3/44Edmond Halley to Isaac Newton22 May
IM/003307Newton, Sir Isaac1993
EL/W2/48John Wallis, dated at Oxford, to Isaac Newton10 April 1695
IM/003299Newton, Sir Isaacnd
EL/O2/92Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Isaac Newton16 July 1672
IM/003293Newton, Sir Isaac2001
EL/N1/65Isaac Newton to Louis d'Aumont3 June 1714
EL/N1/61Isaac Newton's theories on trigonometrynd
EL/N1/43Extract of a letter from Isaac Newton to John Collins (2)1672
EL/N1/52Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg11 May 1676
EL/N1/53Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg18 August 1676
EL/N1/37Isaac Newton's figure of his reflecting telescope with explanations 1672
EL/N1/60Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Edmund Halley1 March 1687
EL/N1/46Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to John Collins9 April 1672
RBO/9/63Isaac Newton's opinion of Denis Papin's proposals for making a water-raising engine1707
RBO/12/35'Remarks upon the Observations made upon a Chronological Index of Sir Isaac Newton'nd
EL/Q/7Monsieur du Quet, dated at Paris, to Isaac Newtonnd
RBO/5/4'Mr Isaac Newton's Observations Mentioned in his foregoing Hypothesis, and conducing to further Discoveries for completing his Theory of Light and Colors [colours]'1676
MM/17/2Letter from George Gabriel Stokes to HE Roscoe17 October 1892
MM/5/43Letter from Edmond Halley, Chester, to Isaac Newton30 December 1697
MM/6/86Letter from John Collins to John Wallis14 February 1676
IM/003306Newton, Sir Isaacnd
RBO/7/83'An Account of Some effects of 'horned poppy" by Issac Newtonnd
IM/003294Newton, Sir Isaacnd
CLP/16/14Remarks on the chronological index of Isaac Newton nd
MM/5/40Letter from Edmond Halley, Chester Mint, to Isaac Newton28 November 1696
IM/005379Newton, Sir Isaacnd
RBO/13/9'Some further Remarks on P Souciet's Dissertation against Sir Isaac Newton's Chronology in a letter to Dr Jurin by Dr Halley'1727
RBO/4/45Robert Hooke's considerations of Isaac Newton's discourse of light and colour1672
RBO/13/90'Extract from a Letter of Doctor Eustachio Manfredi of Bologna to Sir Thomas Dereham relating to Rizzetti's Book against Sir Isaac Newton'1728
S/0048Sculpture bust of Newton, Sir Isaac1718
MOB/095Mahogany armchair late 18th century
P/0095Portrait of Newton, Sir Isaac1717
P/0093Portrait of Newton, Sir Isaac
IM/003281Newton, Sir IsaacApril 1928
P/0094Portrait of Newton, Sir Isaac1725
MM/17/104Letter from John H Knowles to Herbert Rix, Assistant Secretary, Royal Society9 September 1895
MM/17/1Letter from George Gabriel Stokes to HE Roscoe17 October 1892
MM/17/106Letter from RT Glazebrook to Herbert Rix, Assistant Secretary, Royal Society24 October [1895]
MM/17/103Letter from RT Glazebrook to Herbert Rix, Assistant Secretary, Royal Society1 August [1895]
MM/17/105Letter from John H Knowles to Herbert Rix, Assistant Secretary, Royal Society9 October 1895
IM/003298Newton, Sir Isaac1942
DM/2/159GF Tupper, 'Estimate of Facsimile & Printing Sir Isaac Newton's Letters in Lithograph'nd
MM/5/47Letter from Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, Paris, to the Royal Society9 June 1714
CLP/16/15Remarks on the dissertation lately published at Paris by Reverend P Souciet against Isaac Newton's chronology by Edmond Halleynd
DM/2/156Note about some papers by Sir Isaac Newton in the collection of the Earl of Portsmouth18th century
IM/003261Newton, Sir Isaacnd
DM/5/47Draft of a letter from Isaac Newton to the Board of Ordnance, giving the recommendations of the Visitors of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, as regards certain improvements needed therec.1710
DM/5/48Draft of a letter from Isaac Newton to the Board of Ordnance, on the report of the Visitors of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich 24 August 1713
RBO/13/8'Remarks upon the Dissections lately published at Paris by the Reverend P Souciet against Sir Isaac Newton'1727
CLP/18ii/6Experiments of light and colour formerly made by Isaac Newton by J T Desaguliersnd
DM/5/45Draft of a petition from the Royal Society to Queen Anne, for leave to petition Parliament to insert a clause 'in the bill now depending...for impowering your Majesty to grant them a piece of land' in the Royal Mews, for the purpose of building a house for the Society1700s
CLP/18ii/7Account of some of Isaac Newton's experiments showing the properties of light and colour by J T Desaguliersnd
IM/003267Newton, Sir IsaacSeptember 2002
MM/5/42Letter from Edmond Halley, Chester, to Isaac Newton2 August 1697
EL/O2/64Henry Oldenburg to Isaac Newton2 January 1672
IM/005411Newton, Sir Isaac1992
IM/003280Newton, Sir Isaacnd
S/0018Sculpture bust of Newton, Sir Isaac
IM/005374Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/005373Newton, Sir Isaac1990
IM/005375Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/005410Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003283Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003290Newton, Sir Isaacnd
A/0218Newton, Sir Isaac2003
AP/1/20On Newton's determination off the propulsive (?) motion of the heavenly bodies, as laid down by Kepler only for special cases, developed as clearly as possible nd
IM/003295Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003262Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/005326Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003313Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003266Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003297Newton, Sir Isaac1942
IM/003268Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003296Newton, Sir Isaac1942
IM/003276Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003275Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003308Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003304Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003309Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003284Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/005412Newton, Sir Isaac1991
S/0050Lock of hair of Newton, Sir Isaac
CMB/2/26Statutes Committee1878
EL/N1/47Isaac Newton to Henry Oldenburg23 June 1673
S/0047Death mask of Newton, Sir Isaac1727
RBO/6/62Definitions by Isaac Newton10 December 1684
MS/81Original letters printed in 'Commercium Epistolicum Domini Johannis Collins et Aliorum'1669-1677
CLP/2/16Paper, 'An account of a catadioptrick telescope made after the invention of Sir Isaac Newton' by John HadleyFebruary 1723
NLB/7/574Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Messrs Harvey & Gore17 March 1893
NLB/7/594Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Messrs Harvey & Gore, 1 Vigo Streeet, W.20 March 1893
NLB/11/564Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Mr J H Knowles, 15 Rush Hill Road, Lavender Hill, S.W.24 July 1895
NLB/11/792Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mr J H Knowles, 15 Rush Hill Road, Lavender Hill, S.W.8 October 1895
NLB/11/795Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr James Whitbread Lee Glaisher, Fellow of the Royal Society8 October 1895
NLB/11/794Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Richard Tetley Glazebrook, Fellow of the Royal Society8 October 1895
NLB/11/813Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir John Evans, Treasurer, Royal Society10 October 1895
NLB/11/917Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Richard Tetley Glazebrook, Fellow of the Royal Society4 November 1895
MM/6/85Letter from Emanuel Mendes da Costa to Earl of Morton4 April 1766
MC/1Volume 1 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1800-1832
EL/N1/36Isaac Newton to Henry Oldenburg19 March 1671
MS/69Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica1685
CLP/7ii/4Paper, concerning the figure of the earth by J T Desaguliers1724
EL/N1/38Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg13 April 1672
EL/N1/42Continuation of an extract of a letter from Isaac Newton to John Collins (3)nd
NLB/54/757Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to M. le General de Schokalsky12 September 1917
MS/64A commentary on Newton's 'Principia'18th century
EL/N1/35Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg16 March 1671
NLB/57/800Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Ronald Ross, FRS, KCB9 February 1920
EL/N1/49Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg30 November 1675
EL/N1/57Isaac Newton to Edmund Halley27 July 1686
NLB/57/732Copy letter from AH White, Assistant Librarian of the Royal Society; to R Sweeting Esq; 621-627 Chamber of [commerce? typed over]30 January 1920
EL/N1/55Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Edmund Halley20 June 1686
EL/N1/54Isaac Newton, dated at Cambridge, to Henry Oldenburg22 August 1676
EL/N1/50Note by Isaac Newton about his reflecting telescopend
EL/N1/64Copy of a letter to John Flamsteed from a committee of the Royal Society, dated at Crane Court1712
EL/N1/48Isaac Newton to Henry Oldenburg13 November 1675
EL/N1/59Isaac Newton, dated at Trinity College Cambridge, to Edmund Halley13 February 1686
L&P/1/120/2Plate, 'An instrument for observing the distance form the fixt stars at sea' by unknown artist1742
L&P/1/120/1Paper, 'A true copy of a paper found, in the handwriting of Sir Isaac Newton, among the papers of the late Dr Halley containing a description of an Instrument for observing the distance form the Fixt Stars at Sea' 1742
CLP/21/13Paper, 'Of [Isaac] Newton's Principia' by Edmond Halley1687
L&P/7/157Paper, 'Of Sir Isaac Newton's second law of motion and on an engine for turning ovals' by William Ludlam1780
CLP/1/10Paper, 'Quadratic equations' by Mr Campbel1728
CLP/1/43Paper, 'The report of what was contained in Mr de Moiv[r]es papers opened before the Society on 5th of May 1720' by an anonymous author5 May 1720
CLP/1/30Paper, 'Mathematical problems' by Johannes Bernoulli 1697
CLP/3i/16Paper, 'Details about a machine that turns continually' by an anonymous author[8 May 1700]
S/0041Maquette of Newton, Sir Isaac1857
CLP/7ii/5Paper, concerning the figure of the earth by J T Desaguliers Part 21725
CLP/4i/39Paper, 'An account of a hurricane in which the polarity of the needle was changed', communicated by Sir Isaac Newton1683
MOB/011Cast of Isaac Newton with hair lock18th century
MOB/006Sundial by Isaac Newton17th century
MOB/007Fragments of wood from Woolsthorpe Manorlate 17th century
MOB/009Death mask of Isaac Newtonc.1727
MOB/005Reflecting telescope by Isaac Newton1671
MOB/008Wooden rulers from Woolsthorpe Manorlate 17th century
IM/003277Newton, Sir Isaac1712
S/0045Maquette of Newton, Sir Isaac1849
MM/5/49Letter from Brooke Taylor, near Canterbury, to Isaac Newton22 April 1716
IM/003286Newton, Sir Isaacnd
M/163Newton, Sir Isaac
IM/003271Newton, Sir Isaac1995
A/0187Woolsthorpe Manor1946
RBO/9/37Copy of Isaac Newton's table showing the quantity and degrees of heatnd
EL/N1/58Isaac Newton, dated at Trinity College Cambridge, to Edmund Halley18 October 1686
EL/N1/44Extract of a letter from Isaac Newton to John Collins (1)1672
EL/N1/56Isaac Newton to Edmund Halley14 July 1686
RBO/9/88Letter of Gandolphe to Isaac Newton 1709
P/0092Portrait of Newton, Sir Isaac1727
MM/17/39Letter from Isaac Newton to JF Fauquier 27 July 1720
MM/17/14Letter from CM Ingleby to the Secretary of the Royal Society9 February 1880
MM/20/37Letter from Thomas le Seur and Francois Jacquier to Cromwell Mortimer, Secretary, Royal Society9 January 1741
IM/003289Newton, Sir Isaacnd
DM/5/44'Articles of Agreement for a building in Crane Court in Fleet Street for the Honorary Royal Society'28 May 1711
S/0027Maquette of 'Newton after Blake'1995
EL/N1/39Isaac Newton to Henry Oldenburg11 June 1672
A/0212Newton's Reflecting Telescope1672
DM/5/100A list of benefactors to the Library, to the value of £5 or upwards at one time c.1737
IM/003278Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003260Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003312Newton, Sir Isaac2000
IM/003263Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003274Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003291Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/005328Newton, Sir Isaac1991
MM/6/5Alchemical notes by Isaac Newton
NLB/11/575Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mr J H Knowles, 15 Rush Hill Road, S.W.25 July 1895
NLB/15/341Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Dr William James Russell, Fellow of the Royal Society14 August 1897
L&P/1/120Paper, 'A true copy of a paper found, in the handwriting of Sir Isaac Newton, among the papers of the late Dr Halley containing a description of an Instrument for observing the distance form the Fixt Stars at Sea' by Isaac Newton1742
MOB/010Lock of Isaac Newton's hairearly 18th century
M/159Newton, Sir Isaac
MM/16/110"Description of an instrument for observing the distance of the moon from the fixed stars at sea", by Isaac Newton16 August 1699
MS/57Astronomical tracts with observations by Tycho Brahe and others1585-1596
IM/003272Newton, Sir Isaacnd
IM/003273Newton, Sir Isaac1726
NLB/7/602Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir John Evans21 March 1893
NLB/11/738Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mr Knowles, 15 Rush Hill Road, Lavender Hill, S.W.27 September 1895
NLB/57/819Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr JWL [James Whitbread Lee] Glaisher, FRS13 February 1920
IM/000503Quartet engravingnd
MC/1/6Letter from Antide Mangin, 334 Rue des Mathurins, Paris, to the Royal Society1 October 1800
MC/1/46Letter from Francesco Colangelo, Naples, to the Royal Society4 October 1815
MC/1/99Letter from Walter Forman, 4 Pierrepoint Buildings, Bath, to the Royal Society4 December 1823
CLP/2/16/1Paper, 'An account of a catadioptrick telescope made after the invention of Sir Isaac Newton' by John HadleyFebruary 1723
CLP/2/16/2Plate, four figures showing the catadioptric telescope and Saturn by I Sturt[1723]
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    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

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