Record

Authorised form of nameLeibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm von (1646 - 1716)
Other forms of namevon Liebniz, Gottfried
SurnameLeibniz
ForenamesGottfried Wilhelm von
Dates1646 - 1716
NationalityGerman
Dates and placesBirth:
Leipzig, Germany (? 21 June 1646)
Death:
Hanover, Germany (14 November 1716)
ActivityProfession:
Civil servant
Research field:
Mathematics, philosophy, metaphysics
Education:
Nicolai School; Leipzig (admitted 1661); Jena (admitted 1663); Altdorf; LLD (1666)
Career:
Employed by the Elector Johann Philipp von Schonborn of Mainz as an adviser on legal matters (1667); began work on his calculating machine (1671); went on a diplomatic missions to Paris (1672) and London (1673); on the death of the Elector, went to Paris, hoping for a post at the Academie des Sciences, but was disappointed; visited Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (FRS 1680); Adviser and Librarian to the Duke of Hannover (1676); Councillor at the Court of Hannover (1679); travelled through Germany and Italy in order to prepare a genealogy of the house of Brunswick and visited Vincenzo Viviani (FRS 1696) in Florence and Marcello Malpighi (FRS 1665) in Bologna (1687-1689); Privy Councillor in Hannover; in the service of Sophia Charlotte, Electress of Brandenburg (1700); involved in a dispute about calculus with Isaac Newton (FRS 1672), in which he was accused of plagiarism, a charge which was upheld by a commission of the Royal Society (1712); Privy Councillor to Peter the Great of Russia (1712); Imperial Privy Councillor at Vienna (1712-1714); returned to Hannover and unsuccessfully petitioned the Elector, now George I of Great Britain, for a post (1714)
Memberships:
Accademia Fisico-matematica, Rome; Berlin Academy (1700, Founder and President for life)
Royal Society activityFellowship:
Fellow
Election date:
9/04/1673
Proposers:
Sir Robert Moray
RelationshipsSon of Friedrich Leibniz, Professor of Moral Philosophy and University Administrator, of Leipzig, and Katherina Schmuck; unmarried
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB
References:
Sir Alan Cook, 'The 350th Anniversary of the Birth of G W Leibniz, FRS' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 153-163, plate
Milo Keynes, 'The Personality of Isaac Newton' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 1-56
Derek Massarella, 'Philip Henry Zollman, the Royal Society's First Assistant Secretary for Foreign Correspondence' in NR 1992 vol 46 pp 219-234
D T Whiteside, 'The Prehistory of the Principia from 1664 to 1686' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 11-61
G J Whitrow, 'Newton's Role in the History of Mathematics' in NR 1989 vol 43 pp 71-92
E A Fellmann, 'The Principia and Continental Mathematicians' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 13-34
Marie Boas Hall, 'The Royal Society's Role in the Diffusion of Information in the Seventeenth Century' in NR 1974-5 vol 29 pp 173-192
Joan L Hawes, 'Newton's Revival of the Aether Hypothesis and the Explanation of Gravitational Attraction' in NR 1968 vol 23 pp 200-212
R E W Maddison, 'Studies in the Life of Robert Boyle, FRS. Part IV. Robert Boyle and Some of his Foreign Visitors' in NR 1954-55 vol 11 pp 38-53
M Greenwood, 'The First Life Table' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 70-72
R Lewis, 'The publication of John Wilkins's Essay (1668): some contextual considerations' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp133-146
M V Wilkes, 'Charles Babbage and his world' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 353-365
J S Rowlinson, 'Le Sage's Essai de chymie mechanique' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 35-45
A Cook, 'Rome and the Royal Society, 1660-1740' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 3-19
P Fara, 'Theatrical Science. C Djerassi and D Pinner, Newton's darkness: two dramatic views' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 237-238
M Bailey Ogilvie, 'In her place. Pandora's breeches: women, science and power in the enlightenment, by P Fara' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 314-315
Royal Society codeNA8450
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/L5/107Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz to Theodore Haak6 January 1681
EL/L5/101Letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz28 June 1678
EL/L5/109Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated Hanover, to Hans Sloane30 January 1700
IM/002707Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm vonnd
EL/L5/108Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Hanover, to Isaac Newton17 March 1693
EL/L5/102Letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz27 June 1678
EL/L5/111Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz to Hans Sloane8 September 1700
EL/L5/100Copy of a letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Hanover, to Collins12 July 1677
EL/L5/106Letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Hanover August 1680
EL/L5/99Copy of a letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Hanover, to Collins21 June 1677
EL/L5/103Extract of a letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz to Theodore HaakFebruary 1680
EL/H3/64Robert Hooke for Gottfried Leibniz15 May 1681
EL/O2/51Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz12 June 1671
MM/10/88"Precis on certain evidence affecting the moral character of Leibnitz, said to be in the Archives of the Royal Society", by CM Ingleby16 December 1879
EL/S2/14Hans Sloane, dated at London, to G Leibniz4 July 1700
EL/L5/112Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Vienna, to John Chamberlayne28 April 1714
EL/L5/113Translation of a letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Vienna, to John Chamberlayne1700
MM/17/21Letter from E Gerland to the Royal Society26 October 1882
MS/427/303Copy letter from [Michael] Foster, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr. Wilson27 October 1883
MM/17/20Letter from E Gerland to the Royal Society5 August 1882
MM/17/22Letter from RA Smith to Walter White28 October 1882
MM/17/15Letter from Cecil J Monro to the Royal Society12 June 1880
CLP/18ii/23Details of an experiment showing force of moving bodies and velocity by J T Desaguliersnd
RBO/4/52'Concerning Arithmetick Instruments' brought in by Robert Hooke7 May 1673
CMB/2/26Statutes Committee1878
NLB/19/740Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Herrn Dr Moritz Cantor, Heidelberg6 December 1899
MS/81Original letters printed in 'Commercium Epistolicum Domini Johannis Collins et Aliorum'1669-1677
LBO/4/26Copy letter from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Moguntiae, to Mr Oldenburg23 August 1670
LBO/6/12Copy letter from Gottfried William Leibniz, London, to the Royal Society20 February 1673
LBO/6/29Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg to William Gottfired Leibniz1673
LBO/7/84Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg, London, to Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz30 September 1675
LBO/7/46Copy letter from Gottfried Wilhelmr Leibniz to Henry Oldenburg15 July 1674
LBO/12/79Copy letter from John Wallis, Oxford, to Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz [Leibniz], Hannover29 March 1700
LBO/28/152Copy letter from Dethlevius Cluver, London, to Gottried Wilhelm Leibnitz6 April 1680
P/0080Portrait of Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
CLP/1/1Paper, 'De resolutione aequationum cubicarum' [On the resolution of cubic equation] by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz[c17th Century]
EL/L5/110Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, dated at Hanover, to Hans Sloane1700
EL/L5/105Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz to Cluverus18 May 1680
EL/L5/104Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz to Cluverus9 March 1680
EL/H3/63Robert Hooke to Gottfried Leibniz12 July 1680
EL/H3/53Report of the committee for inspecting the books and papers of the Royal Society, dated between 1669-1677, in relation to the dispute between Leibniz and Keil1712
MM/17/14Letter from CM Ingleby to the Secretary of the Royal Society9 February 1880
IM/002708Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm vonnd
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