Reference numberJBO/1/139
Alternative reference numberJBO/1/198
TitleMinutes of an ordinary meeting of the Royal Society
Date15 July 1663
Description ' Mr Hook brought in an Account in writing , of two Experiments tryed before the Society ; One , concerning the uniting and mixing of Air and Water: The other , touching the Suspension of defecated water in a Bolthead , after the Receiver had been well exhausted . They were ordered to be enterd. [In margin; Lib. 2 Fol. 161 [244] ]

The Operator was appointed to provide against next day , a longer Tube of 5 or 6 foot long , to repeat the later of these two Experiment in .

Mr Pell produced Bag which contained Potters' Sand , which formerly he had been desired to procure , upon a Discourse about the advancing our English Potters Art , that it might equall , (at least that of Germany , if not) the old Roman Bakers of Sepulchral Urnes : Which then gaue occasion to Speak of our English Materials , and our varieties of Earths, Clays and Sands : upon which Mr Pell related to the Company , that in Sussex , about 27 years since , he had seen a Bricklayer make a new Oven, wherein he observed an unusal Bottom , which the Workman had promised to make without Gaps and Chinks , as of one Stone , and therefore better , than if he should use Bricks , or any Sort of Paving Tyles : To which end , having brought a Sufficient quantity of Sand , (which as Mr Pell remembred , looked Blackish , as if it had been dirty ) he [crossed out; showedd] strawed it upon the rough bottom, of the Oven, and then for want of a flat hammer , took an iron wedge (made to cleaue wood withal) and with the flat end of it , did knock the Sand , and beat it close into a smooth floor, which being done, and the Oven finished, he, after the usual manner, did put wood into it and anneal it . After the Oven was cold, the Bottom of it seemed Solid and firme, and such as he had undertaken to make it . Nor did Mr Pell remember, that he saw any flaw in it a year after, though it had been used for baking, it might be every week.

Upon this Relation , some of the Company suggesting, that this Sand might be capable of more noble uses , than for Ovens : and that one might, perhaps, find it usefull for Vitrification ; or, at least , some untransparent fusion. The Relator was desired to cause some of that Sand to be brought hither, which came accompanied with a letter of one Mr Nicholas Gildrege of Eastborne, dated 29 June 1663 giving this further information , that the Sonne of the forementioned Bricklayer , called Carpenter had told him that the way to use, was, to beat it long with Hammers, till it becomes so firme and compact that they can pare it smooth eith their Tooles, and that then the great heat of the fier will harden it into a stone, But the Author of the Letter, addeth, that his usual Mason , one Rosom, had told him , he never Saw any Oven well made with it , but that he saw a Carpenter's father make one at Crowlinck , which seemed, when in parte and after paring , to be very like to doe well ; and as he thought Rosam said also , that after nealing too, it looked firme, yet the first or second time it was use it mouldered all up againe, and he was faine to bottom the oven with bricks . The Author of the letter , offered to send the whole quanity of this sand, which he had in his house, viz. neer a Gallon , if it should be desired . Mr Pell had the thanks of the Company , and himself and Dr Goddard were desired to Examine this sand, and to make some tryalls of it.

Sir Robert Moray produced the two Stones, found in the Lord Belcarres his heart, whereof he had formerly given in a description in writing, April 15 1663 which was then ordered to be entered . [in margin; see Reg. lib. 2 fol 200 [290] ]

Dr Clarke gave in Writing his former Relation of Woman that had carried a child 18 years in her belly, and then Excluded the bones of it, after an extraordingar manner, by an Abscesse in the Side of her Belly. He had the thanks of the Company, and the Relation was ordered to be Registred. [In margin; Lib. 2.fol 184 [crossed out Fo 270] ]

Sir Robert Moray produced a French letter, giving an Account of a Safe and easy way of Cutting the Stone in the bladder, practized by a Frenchman called Raoux in France. The letter was ordered to be Englished by the Secretary, and the Registred. [In margin; Lib.2 f.186

Sir Anthony Morgan related that the like way of Cutting the Stone is knowne and used in Ireland : whereof he promised to procure a fuller information, and to commu-nicate the Same to the Society

Dr Charleton undertook , to repeat, at the next meeting his Dissection of Carpes, to show better what formerly he had suggested , about the duct from the Bladder to the Gills the Operator was enjoyned to provide 3 or 6 Carps of a middle Size , for that purpose , against next day .
Dr Croon being asked concerning the little Insects , which at the Meeting of July 1 1663 , were by another Member said to haue been by him observed in the bloud of a dissected Dog ; said, he had onely found them upon the dissecting knife, a fortnight after it had been put up .

Sir Robert Moray presented the Company , from Prince Rupert with a certain Water - raising Engine , for which he was desired to returne their humble thanks to his Highnesse , the Engine was ordered to bre tryed

Sir Robert Moray was desired to procure fuller Information of the way used upon the Coast of Coramandel for the Cooling of drinks, by Exposing them in bottles to the Scorching heat of the Sun all day long : which he promised to doe .

Mr Hook produced these 3 Microscopicall Observations 1. Of fine Lawne : 2. of a very smooth and euen guilt-edge of fine Venice paper . 3. of a Tinea Argentea .

Sir Robert Moray read out of a Letter from Sir William Petty to himselfe, some performances of his new Ship, as to Swiftnesse, keeping a wind, staying and seering, not stooping etc. he was desired to giue an Extract thereof , and to returne to Sir William, the incouraging Thanks of the Society .

Sir Anthony Morgan mentioned something about the Custome of the Salmons, of returning into the same place of fresh water for Spawning, whereof he promised to giue a further Account in writing.

Sir Robert Moray mentioned that near Chersey a Spring was discovered, on whose water was found floating a certain Oleaginous Substance . He was desired to procure some of it for the Company.

The Torricellian Experiment was made with water, in a Glasse cane about 40 foot long, and the water being fallen first to about 33 foot, and within 18 minutes to about 32 foot, the Operator was ordered to let it Subside, till all the aire be got out, and then to observe the hight at which the water stands : and then to fill the Pipe up to the Top with water freed from air .

Monseiur de Beaufort Vabres, was proposed Candidate by Sir Robert Moray, and being a person of quality, and a Stranger , ready to go away , he was at the same meeting Elected and admitted a Fellow of the Society .

Sir Edward Harley was proposed Candidate by Sir Robert Harley in a letter , and signified to the Society , by My Lord Brouncker .

Mr Henry Ford , was proposed Candidate by Colonel Long. '
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URL descriptionDigital version available on The Royal Society Turning the Pages
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