Reference numberJBO/1/140
Alternative reference numberJBO/1/203
TitleMinutes of an ordinary meeting of the Royal Society
Date22 July 1663
Description ' Sir Edward Harley and Mr Henry Ford were elected and admitted.

Sir John Talbot was proposed Candidate by my Lord Brouncker.

Mr Edward Waterhowse was proposed Candidate by Doctor Wilkins

Captain Taylor gaue in his observations of Cyder in writing : they were read , and ordered to be entered ; and thanks given to the Author [In margin; Lib.2 fol 188 [crossed out; Fol. 274]]

Mr Winthrop's Letter written from Boston to the Secretry , was read ; giving an Account , of the Tryalls made by him at Sea , with the Instrument for Sounding of Depths without a line ; and with the Vessel for drawing of Water from the bottom of the Sea : both of which proved Successelesse .; the former , by reason of too much wind at the time of making Sounding ; the later, because of the leaking of he Vessel : Captain Taylor , being to goe shortly to Virginia, and offering himselfe to make the same Experiments ; the Company recomended to him , the tryin of theone in calme weather, and of the other with a Stanck Vessel .

Mr Hook mentioning that a better way might be Suggested to make the Experiment aforesaid, was desired to thinke further upon it, and to bring in an account thereof at the next meeting .

Sir Robert Moray produced some of the water of the Spring discovered two mikes from Chersey in [crossed out; Sussex] Surrey ; and gaue this further account of it, that it is closek butcovered almost all over with a thick oleaginous matter which hath neither taste nor smell, while it lyeth upon the water of a colour as red very near and a consistence thither than warme blood, as long as the Sun is high but about the Suns rising and Setting , of various colours : flowing so copiously that it may be had in great quantities in very short time . being for some hours exposed to the heat of the Sun, it contracted a putrid Smell and some of the floating red matter precipitated to the bottom .

Mr Hook was ordered to make a journey to Chersey, upon the charges of the Society, and to observe the said Spring , and to informe himselfe of all circumstances concerning the sme ; as also to distill some of it .

Mr Brereton made mention of certain waters in Cheshire, whereof some are yellow, esteemed to betoken Coalmines ; others red, held to be a Signe of Iron mines.

Captain Taylor mentioned a Spring in Shropshire at Pitchford, on which floateth a bituminous substance which being taken off one day, the like will be found on it again the next .

Dr Clark related that the Barnet waters, on a hot sunshiny day, are found full of little Insects ; which Insects , the water being strained , remaining upon the cloath , turne into a Jely . He and Mr Hook were desired to nmake a journey to Barnet , for a mor particular account of this matter .

Dr Goddard gaue an account of the Tryalls made of the Sand produced at the last meeting by Mr Pell ; viz that having made a Separation by washing, some of it looked black , some Chrystaline ; and two Copples being made of it, one of them that was heatedonely red hot, kept its standin ; but the other , being urged b a more intense heat vitrified , and melated inot a lump. Mr Pell was desired to sent for more of this Sand , his friend having offered him the rest of what he had thereof in his howse .

Some of the Company rubbing a peice of the vitrified Lump of this Sand , found it Electicall [

Dr Clark being called upon for his Tryalls of the injections into Veines, promised to give them in, a fortnight hence. Sir Robert Moray mentioned, that the King had made an Experiment of keeping a Sturgeon in fresh water in St. James [crossed out; his] park for a whole year . it was suggested , to kill it, and to see how it would eat.

The same related that Prince Ruper had made a new kind of Gunpowder, in strength so far exceeding the best English powder, that Tryall being made, with a Powder-tryer, it was foundto be in proportion of 21 . to 2 . It was desired, that a tryall of it might be made before the Company ; and that the Receipt of the way of making it formerly communicated to the Society, might be looked after, and entered.

Mr Brereton mentioned, tht hehad been informed at the Tower, some 4 or 5 years since, that they had then some of the Gunpowder of 1588 , much better than any they now mde ; He added , he knew not whether the way of making , or the care of keeping it caused the difference.

Prince Rupert's Water - raising Engine, after the way of Cavallerius, was ordered to be tryed and a Description of the Structures thereof [crossed out; illegible] was given in by Mr Hook, which was ordered to be entered. [In margin; Lib.2. fol. 193

Dr Chrleton undertook to cut a Dog of the Spleen, at the next meeting ; as also to sende for a certain dogg out of the Countrey, whose Spleen ha been cut out, some 4 or 5 years since, in order to open him again, and to observe the present constitution of those parts.

The Operator was enjoyned to provide a young dog, against next day.

Dr Charleton was enjoyned to bring in writing an Account of the Observations of the dissection, he made this day of Carpes.

The Operator was ordered to prosecute the Experiment of Monsr. Zulichem in the longer Glasse-canes, as also the Torricellian Experiment in the tube of 40 foot '
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