Reference numberMS/768
TitleSome papers realting to official visits of Thomas Henry Holland
CreatorHolland, Thomas Henry (1868-1947) Knight Geologist and Educational Administrator
DescriptionPapers relating to his relations with Russia and visit to the 220th anniversary of the Academy of Sciences of USSR in 1945. Also papers relating to a National Trust visit where Lady Holland was a member of the group in 1966.
Extent1 MS Box, Small
ArrangementFirst part relating to Sir Thomas Henry Holland's relations with the USSR; second part relating to Lady Holland's visit in 1966.
Finding aidsList in Library
Access statusOpen
Administrative historyBorn 22 November 1868 at Helston, Cornwall of John Holland and Grace Treloar Roberts, one of eight children. Educated first at a dame's school at Helston, later studying under John Gill, a schoolmaster at Helston, who, recognising his promise, prepared him for a scholarship to the Royal College of Science at South Kensington which he won at the age of sixteen. He won a London Associate 1st Class with Honours in Geology in 1888, and the Murchison Medal and Prize. Thomas Henry Huxley was then the Dean, and Holland became a lifelong admirer. After a period as assistant to Professor Judd at the Royal College of Science, he became a Berkeley Fellow at Owens College Manchester 1889. In 1890, at the age of twenty one, he was appointed Assistant Superintendant in the Geological Survey of India. He travelled there via the United States, Canada and the Far East, arriving in Calcutta in October 1890 where he was made Curator of the Geological Museum and Laboratory, holding the post until 1896.He soon established a reputation as a petrographer and one interested in the economic side of geology, his energy and organizing ability soon becoming evident to the Government of India, being appointed Director of the Geological Survey of India 1903-1909.His work put the Geological Survey into a position of prestige in India, both with the Government and public, which it never lost. His outstanding service in India was recognized by the award of KCIE in 1908.He was appointed to the Chair of Geology and Minerology at Manchester University in 1909, taking it up in 1910. With Rutherford and Elliot Smith he formed the dominant trio, while influencing heavily the interest in petrology, geodesy and mineral deposits, and revifying the rather moribund mining department. He returned to India in 1916 as President of the Indian Munitions Board, resigning his professorship in favour of membership of the Advisory Council of the University. Married Frances Maud Chapman daughter of Charles Chapman, Deputy Commisisoner in Oudh, 23 December 1896 (died 1942). Had one son - Major General John F C Holland and one daughter Margaretta, widow of Colonel A G Shea. In 1946 he married Helen Eileen, daughter of Frank Verrall, of Bramley, near Guildford, with whom he took a house in Surbiton in Surrey. She survived him and was, in 1948 until 1954, an active member of Surrey County Council. Awarded KCIE for scientific services in 1908; KCSI for war services in 1918. Elected FRS 1904.
Related materialImperial College Library, London University; letters to his family, 1887-1918
Fellows associated with this archive
NA6076Holland; Sir; Thomas Henry (1868 - 1947); geologist and civil servant1868 - 1947
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