Reference numberPP/3/10
Previous numbersPP/35/10
TitlePaper, 'Notes on the absorption of ultra violet rays by various substances' by [George Downing] Liveing and [James] Dewar
DescriptionLiveing and Dewar write: 'The following notes contain some records of ultra-violet absorptions in addition to those which have been examined by Soret, Hartley, M. de Chardonnet, and other investigators. For these observations we have generally used the spark of an induction coil, with Leyden jar, between iron electrodes as the source of light. Occasionally we have used other electrodes, but the lines of iron are so multitudinous, and so closely set in a large part of the ultra ­violet region of the spectrum, that they form almost a continuous spectrum, at the same time there are amongst them a sufficient number of breaks and conspicuous lines to serve as points of reference. The spectroscope has a single prism of quartz, and the telescopes have quartz lenses. The image of the spark was projected on to the slit of the spectroscope by a quartz lens, and the absorbent substances were interposed between the slit and the last-mentioned lens. The gases were held in tubes fitted, some with quartz, others with rock salt, plates on the ends; liquids in cells with quartz sides. The spectra were all photographed. Chlorine in small quantity shows a single absorption band extending from about N (3580) to T (3020). As the quantity of chlorine is increased this band widens, expanding on both sides, but rather more rapidly on the less refrangible side. Different quantities of chlorine produced absorption from about H (3968) to wave-length 2755, from wave-length 4415 to 2665, and from wave-length 4650 to 2630. With the greatest quantity of chlorine tried the absorption did not extend above wave-length 2550.'

Annotations in pencil and ink.

Subject: Physics

Received 1 March 1883. Read 8 March 1883.

A version of this paper was published in volume 35 of the Proceedings of the Royal Society as 'Notes on the absorption of ultra-violet rays by various substances'.
Physical descriptionInk and graphite pencil on paper
Digital imagesView item on Science in the Making
Access statusOpen
Related materialDOI: 10.1098/rspl.1883.0013
Fellows associated with this archive
NA1468Liveing; George Downing (1827 - 1924)1827 - 1924
NA5870Dewar; Sir; James (1842 - 1923)1842 - 1923
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