Authorised form of nameStirling; James (1692 - 1770)
Other forms of surnameSterling
Dates1692 - 1770
Place of birthGarden, Stirlingshire, Scotland
Date of birth1692
Place of deathEdinburgh
Date of death05 December 1770
Research fieldMathematics
Glasgow; Balliol College, Oxford (matriculated 1711; expelled 1715 for corresponding with notorious Jacobites)
Travelled to Venice, home of his patron, Niccolo Troni (FRS 1715), where he made the acquaintance of Nicholas Bernoulli (FRS 1714); discovered the secret of Venetian glass-making and, in fear of his life, returned to England with the assistance of Sir Isaac Newton (FRS 1672) and became a teacher, later a partner, lecturing on mathematics at Watt's Academy in Little Tower Street, Covent Garden London (1725-1735); Manager of the Scots Mining Company at Leadhills, Lanarkshire (1735); surveyed the Clyde with a view to making it navigable
Berlin Academy (1748)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election03/11/1726
ProposerJohn Arbuthnot
Sir Alexander Cuming
Other Royal Society activityIn printed list to 1753; resigned (1754)
RelationshipsSon of Archibald Stirling, gent, of St Ninian's, Stirling, and his second wife, Anna, daughter of Sir Alexander Hamilton of Hoggs, near Linlithgow; married Barbara Watson of Thirtyacres, near Stirling
Published worksMethodus Differentialis: sive Tractatus de Summatione et Interpolatione Serierum Infinitorum (London, 1730)
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Foster
Gentleman's Magazine 1770, p591 (obituary)
Charles Tweedie 'James Stirling: a sketch of his life and works alond with his scientific correspondence' (Oxford, 1922)
Ian Tweddle 'James Stirling's Methodus Differentialis: An Annotated Translation of Stirling's Text (Springer-Verlag London Limited, 2003)
Royal Society codeNA1068
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1909/01Hale, George Ellery: certificate of election to the Royal Society
RBO/18/56'Twelve Propositions concerning the figure of the Earth' by James Stirling1733
L&P/1/372Letter, 'Of a contrivance for blowing a fire by falling water' from James Stirling to the Secretary of the Royal Society20 March 1745
NLB/57/74Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Charles Tweedie, Esq., [FRSA]14 July 1919
NLB/57New Letter Book volume 57, copy letters sent from Royal Society administration27 June 1919-27 February 1920
L&P/4/145Letter, 'Of a remarkable darkness on 19 October' from James Stirling to John Duncan25 October 1762
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