Record

Authorised form of nameBourne; Gilbert Charles (1861 - 1933); zoologist and oarsman
Dates1861 - 1933
Place of birthGrafton Manor, Worcestershire, England
Date of birth05 July 1861
Place of deathTubney House, Tubney, near Abingdon, Berkshire, England
Date of death08/03/1933
Occupationzoologist and oarsman
Research fieldZoology
ActivityEducation:
Eton (1874); DSc (Oxon) (1881)
Career:
Went to New College Oxford as an exhibitioner (1881); spent the summer of his second year in Freiburg im Breisgau, studying under August Weismann; following graduation he visited the atoll of Diego Garcia, in the Indian Ocean; became first director of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Plymouth (1887-1899); represented the University of Oxford on the committee appointed by the War Office (1906); elected to the Linacre chair of zoology and comparative anatomy with a fellowship at Merton College (1906-1921); wounded at Sulva Bay (1915); member of the advisory committee on fisheries of the Development Commission and subsequently chairman (1931); member of the advisory committee of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries on fishery research (1920), subsequently chairman (1930); the last project he was involved in from 1927 until his death was serving as a member of the the water pollution research board, and was chairman of its sub-committee set up to develop a programme for a biological and chemical survey on the River Tees.

Membership:
Member of Governing Body, Winchester College (1924-1933)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election05/05/1910
Age at election49
ProposerSydney John Hickson; Adam Sedgwick; Arthur Everett Shipley; Sidney Frederic Harmer; John Stanley Gardiner; David Sharp; Frederick William Gamble; Edward Bagnall Poulton; John Sealy Edward Townsend; Edwin Stephen Goodrich; William Johnson Sollas
William Abbott Herdman; Arthur Dendy; Walter Heape; Frank Evers Beddard; Henry Woodward
RelationshipsParents: Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Bourne, 54th regiment, of Cowarne Court, near Ledbury, and Anna Eliza, youngest daughter of Samuel Baker, of Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire
Spouse: Constance Margaret Graham (1887), eldest daughter of Sir John Frederick Croft, second baronet, of Doddington Place, Kent
Children: Robert Croft Bourne, and a daughter
General contextStudied the structure, development, and classification of corals and related animals, and many of his findings have passed into the textbooks. Although his later researches were mainly morphological, his interests remained wide.
Entered into the preformation–epigenesis controversy and wrote two articles of lasting value in defence of the cell-theory against the attack of Adam Sedgwick (FRS 1886).
Contributed to the Treatise on Zoology (1900–09) by Edwin Ray Lankester (FRS 1875).
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
Image

Bourne G C, GA Russell 1.tif

SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll
Obituaries:
Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 1932-1935 vol l pp 126-130, plate, by Sidney John Hickson
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/22889814
Royal Society codeNA1352
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1910/02Bourne, Gilbert Charles: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MM/16/114Letter from Gilbert C Bourne, Oxford, to WB Hardy27 January 1925
IM/GA/Russell/1Bourne, Gilbert Charlesnd
NLB/4/467Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Gilbert Charles Bourne7 June 1890
NLB/4/460Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Gilbert Charles Bourne, the Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth6 June 1890
NLB/3/606Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Gilbert Charles Bourne, the Laboratory, Plymouth23 July 1889
NLB/3/761Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Gilbert Charles Bourne3 October 1889
NLB/10/1053Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Michael Foster, Secretary, Royal Society30 March 1895
NLB/11/201Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Gilbert Charles Bourne, Department of Comparative Anatomy, The Museum, Oxford13 May 1895
NLB/44/227Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to Professor G [Gilbert] C [Charles] Bourne FRS27 May 1911
RR/20/122Referee's report by Gilbert Charles Bourne, on a paper 'On the experimental hybridization of echinoids' by Cresswell Shearer, Walter De Morgan and H M Fuchs12 April 1913
RR/20/95Referee's report by Gilbert Charles Bourne, on a paper 'Some notes on soil protozoa' by C H Martin and K R Lewin20 July 1914
NLB/59/935Copy letter from Edwin Deller, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS2 December 1920
NLB/53/243Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS09 June 1916
NLB/63/101Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society and FRS; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS29 June 1922
NLB/62/602Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS21 March 1922
RR/30/21Referee's report by Gilbert Charles Bourne, on a paper 'On the histology and function of certain secondary sexual organs in the cuttle fish Doratosepion confusa' by H M Carleton and G C Robson[March 1924]
NLB/66/503Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary, Winchester College20 May 1924
NLB/55/739Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS20 August 1918
NLB/62/803Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS10 May 1922
NLB/65/519Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS; Twyning Manor, Tewkesbury13 November 1923
NLB/66/482Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS16 May 1924
RR/12/53Referee's report by Walter Frank Raphael Weldon, on a paper 'On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia' by Gilbert Charles Bourne8 August 1894
NLB/68/328Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS19 June 1925
NLB/67/889Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS28 March 1925
NLB/67/790Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Sidney [Frederic] Harmer, KBE, FRS9 March 1925
NLB/72/646Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary of the University of Bristol7 February 1930
CD/66/14Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS19 June 1925
CD/66/11Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS9 May 1925
CD/66/12Letter from Gilbert [Charles] Bourne; to William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society14 May 1925
CD/66/9Copy letter from [William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society]; to Dr [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS; Twyning Manor, near Tewkesbury15 April 1925
CD/66/10Letter from Gilbert [Charles] Bourne; Twyning Manor, near Tewkesbury; to William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society25 April 1925
CD/66/7Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS23 March 1925
CD/66/8Letter from Gilbert [Charles] Bourne; Twyning Manor, near Tewkesbury; to William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society2 April 1925
NLB/68/87Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Gilbert Charles] Bourne, FRS9 May 1925
CD/66/15Memorandum on the publication and dissemination of scientific news, by Gilbert [Charles] Bourne; Twyning Manor, Tewkesbury29 May 1925
NLB/3/261Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Gilbert Charles Bourne, Marine Biological Laboratory, Plymouth25 April 1889
NLB/67/575Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Sidney [Frederic] Harmer, KBE, FRS23 January 1925
RR/25/14Referee's report by Gilbert Charles Bourne, on a paper 'The development of the sea-anemones Metridium dianthus (Ellis) and Adamsia palliata (Bohad)' by James Fairlie Gemmill[June 1918]
RR/12/54Referee's report by Adam Sedgwick, on a paper 'On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia' by Gilbert Charles Bourne2 September 1894
RR/28/54Referee's report by Gilbert Charles Bourne, on a paper 'The evolution of the shell-sculpture in fresh-water snails of the family Viviparidae' by [Nelson] Annandale13 November 1923
PP/11/32/1Manuscript, 'The atoll of Diego Garcia and the coral formations of the Indian Ocean' by Gilbert Charles Bourne1888
PP/11/32Paper, 'The atoll of Diego Garcia and the coral formations of the Indian Ocean' by Gilbert Charles Bourne1888
PP/11/32/2Map, 'Map of Diego Garcia, scale 1/2 inch to the sea mile' by Gilbert Charles Bourne1888
RR/12/110Referee's report by Walter Frank Raphael Weldon, on two papers 'On the evolution of the vertebral column of fishes' by Hans Friedrich Gadow and E C Abbott, and 'On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia' by Gilbert Charles Bourne8 August 1894
RR/12/55Referee's report by Robert Etheridge, on a paper 'On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia' by Gilbert Charles Bourne12 October 1894
RR/12/56Second referee's report by Robert Etheridge, on a paper 'On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia' by Gilbert Charles Bourne17 November 1894
RR/12/57Letter from Robert Etheridge, to Herbert Rix, regarding a paper 'On the structure and affinities of Heliopora coerulea, Pallas. With some observations on the structure of Xenia and Heteroxenia' by Gilbert Charles Bourne19 November 1894
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