Record

Authorised form of nameSclater; Philip Lutley (1829 - 1913); lawyer and zoologist
Dates1829 - 1913
NationalityBritish
Place of birthTangier Park, Wootton St Lawrence, Hampshire, England
Date of birth04 November 1829
Place of deathOdiham Priory, Hampshire, England
Date of death27/06/1913
OccupationBarrister and Zoology
Research fieldBiogeography
Cladistics
Zoology
Ornithology
ActivityEducation:
School at Twyford; Winchester College; Oxford University; Lincoln's Inn. MA, DSc
Career: Published in the journals of the Linnean and Zoological societies, his most important paper was 'On the general geographic distribution of the members of the class aves'; visited America where he travelled on foot and by birch-bark canoe as far as the Mississippi and met leading American naturalists (1856); travelled to North America, to north and south Africa, and to Europe; contributed four volumes to the Catalogue of Birds at the British Museum; improved the financial and scientific affairs of the Zoological Society of London (1859); responsibility for the Zoological Record (founded in 1864) was assumed by the Zoological Society on his initiative (1886); founded Ibis, the journal of the British Ornithologists' Union, which he edited (apart from the years 1865–77) until 1913 (1858); his large collection of nine thousand birds was transferred to the British Museum (1886); elected chairman of the British Ornithologists' Club (1892); described the okapi to western scientists although he never saw one alive (1901); His office at 11 Hanover Square became a meeting place for all naturalists in London, where travellers and residents shared notes with him and he corresponded; his administration of the zoological gardens was subject to mounting criticism prior to his retirement; retired (1902).
Memberships:
FLS; FZS; Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election06/06/1861
Age at election32
ProposerJohn Percy; Charles Darwin; John Gould; John Tomes; John Barlow; Francis Galton; Robert Hudson; Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland; Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton
Richard Owen; George Busk; John Lubbock; John Edward Gray; Joseph Dalton Hooker; Thomas Bell; Edwin Lankester; Edward William Brayley; Thomas Bell
RelationshipsParents: William Lutley Sclater, of Hoddington House, Upton Grey, Southampton, and Anne Maria, daughter of William Bowyer
Siblings: George Sclater-Booth (FRS 1876)
Spouse: Jane Ann Eliza, daughter of Sir David Hunter Blair (16 October 1862)
Children: one daughter and three sons, the eldest of whom, William Lutley (1863–1944), was also an ornithologist and succeeded his father as editor of Ibis (1913–30).
Published worksRCN 11006
RCN R63018
RCN 31588
RCN 39539
RCN 50890
RCN 50891
RCN 32417
RCN R63019
RCN R82598
RCN 51310
General contextIdentified six zoogeographic regions of the world according to their bird life. This concept was developed by subsequent writers and Sclater's terminology remains in use to this day.
Influential in building up the Zoological Society, London.
Animals named after Aclater include:
Sclater's lemur (Eulemur flavifrons); Dusky-billed parrotlet (the name Psittacula sclateri Gray, 1859, is currently viewed as a subspecies of Forpus modestus Cabanis, 1848); Sclater's monal (Lopophorus sclateri); Erect-crested penguin (Eudyptes sclateri); Ecuadorian cacique (Cacicus sclateri); Mexican chickadee (Poecile sclateri); Bay-vented cotinga (Doliornis sclateri); Sclater's antwren (Myrmotherula sclateri); Sclater's lark (Spizocorys sclateri); Sclater's cassowary (Casuarius sclateri) ... now usually considered conspecific with the Dwarf Cassowary; Colombian longtail snake (Enuliophis sclateri).
Royal Society Obituary or MemoirClick to view (may be contained within a meeting notice, presidential address or list of death notices)
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SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc Series B 1913-1914 vol 87 pp iii-v signed by F D G
Notes:
Thomas Bell has signed election certificate twice
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/44414898
Royal Society codeNA1406
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
NLB/6/583Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Henry Flower, Fellow of the Royal Society4 June 1892
NLB/1/437Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater30 March 1887
NLB/25/125Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society, 3 Hanover Square, W. 16 October 1902
MC/10/184Letter from John A [Alexander] Harvie-Brown, Dunipace, Falkirk, to P L [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Zoological Society rooms, Hanover Square29 December 1874
NLB/2/356Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society11 May 1888
NLB/2/146Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society and Secretary of the Zoological Society31 January 1888
NLB/4/22Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society29 January 1890
NLB/2/509Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society23 July 1888
NLB/6/349Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society22 April 1892
NLB/3/476Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society18 June 1889
NLB/5/145Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society2 April 1891
NLB/3/1060Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mr Pilbeam2 January 1890
NLB/5/313Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society12 May 1891
NLB/7/367Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society, Chairman of the Scientific Relief Fund31 January 1893
NLB/7/691Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society11 April 1893
NLB/7/373Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society1 February 1893
NLB/20/33Copy letter from Michael Foster, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society19 January 1990
NLB/7/709Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society12 April 1893
NLB/7/749Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society18 April 1893
NLB/8/157Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society22 July 1893
NLB/7/1035Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society, Chairman of the Scientific Relief Committee19 June 1893
NLB/8/597Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir John Evans, Treasurer, Royal Society22 November 1893
NLB/8/634Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society28 November 1893
NLB/10/312Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt], Secretary, Royal Society; Michael Foster; [Andrew Ainslie] Common; [Philip Lutley] Sclater; [Percy Alexander] MacMahon; and [Wilfred Hudleston] Hudleston7 November 1894
NLB/10/602Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society2 January 1895
NLB/9/401Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Sclater, [Fellow of the Royal Society]11 May 1894
NLB/11/336Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Doctor Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society6 June 1895
NLB/13/74Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society, Zoological Society, 3 Hanover Square, W.5 June 1896
NLB/8/235Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society5 August 1893
NLB/12/457Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Alfred Newton, Fellow of the Royal Society, Magdalene College, Cambridge21 February 1896
NLB/12/832Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society14 May 1896
NLB/15/75Copy letter from Michael Foster, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society18 June 1897
NLB/15/489Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Scalter, Fellow of the Royal Society13 October 1897
NLB/15/480Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society13 October 1897
NLB/16/359Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to Sir Clements R Markham, President of the Royal Geographical Society21 March 1898
NLB/19/654Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Philip Lutely Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society, Zoological Society, 3 Hanover Square, W. 17 November 1899
NLB/21/602Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society17 December 1900
NLB/23/2/73Copy letter from Sir Michael Foster, to Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society22 May 1901
NLB/32/241Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to [Messrs Harrison & Sons]5 February 1906
NLB/34/190Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society10 December 1906
NLB/34/170Copy letter from Archibald Geikie, to [Philip Lutley] Sclater, [Fellow of the Royal Society]8 December 1906
NLB/35/614Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society19 June 1907
NLB/38/186Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society24 June 1908
NLB/41/289Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society16 November 1909
NLB/43/430Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society11 January 1911
RR/10/22Referee's report by Philip Lutley Sclater, on a paper 'The embryology of monotremata and marsupialia.—Part I' by William Hay Caldwell18 July 1887
RR/15/11Referee's report by Philip Lutley Scalter, on a paper 'The distribution of vertebrate animals in India, Ceylon & Burma' by William Thomas Blanford27 December 1900
EC/1861/12Sclater, Philip Lutley: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/Maull/004035Sclater, Philip Lutleynd
NLB/2/69Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society3 January 1888
NLB/8/689Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society8 December 1893
NLB/8/1028Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Henry Woodward, Fellow of the Royal Society12 February 1894
RR/6/204Letter from Philip Lutley Sclater, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'On fossil remains of equines from central and South America referable to Equus conversidens, Ow., Equus tan, Ow., and Equus arcidens, Ow' by Richard Owen23 March 1869
MC/10/181Letter from Howard Samms, Bellair, Reigate, to P L [Philip Lutley] Sclater22 December 1874
MC/10/179Letter from Edward R Alston, 3 Old Quebec Street, Portman Square, to P L [Philip Lutley] Sclater, 11 Hanover Square16 December 1874
MC/10/199Letter from P L [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Zoological Society of London, 11 Hanover Square, London, to Professor [Thomas Henry] Huxley, [Secretary of the Royal Society]20 January 1875
MC/10/172Letter from H W [Henry Wemyss] Feilden, Paymaster of the Royal Artillery, to Ph L [Philip Lutley] Sclater23 November 1874
MC/10Volume 10 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal SocietyJuly 1873-1876
MS/427/357Copy letter from [Michael] Foster, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Philip Lutley] Sclater, FRS, Secretary of the Zoological Society1 May 1884
MC/13Volume 13 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1884
MC/13/38Letter from P L [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Secretary, Zoological Society of London, 11 Hanover Square, London, to [Thomas Henry] Huxley, President of the Royal Society31 March 1884
AP/50/15Unpublished paper, 'On the geographical and geological relations of the fauna and flora of Palestine' by [Henry Baker] Tristram1868
MC/16/263Letter from Philip Lutley Sclater, Zoological Society of London, 3 Hanover Square, to [Michael] Foster25 November 1895
MC/16/252Letter from Philip Lutley Sclater, The Royal Society, Burlington House, London, to [Michael] Foster17 October 1895
MC/14/46Letter from [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Zoological Society of London, to the Secretaries of the Royal Society8 June 1885
MC/15/2Letter from [Philip Lutley] Scalter, Zoological Society of London, to [John] Evans5 January 1889
MC/14Volume 14 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1885-1888
MC/15Volume 15 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1889-1892
MC/15/160Letter from [Philip Lutley] Sclater, Zoological Society of London, 3 Hanover Square, London, to the Secretaries of the Royal Society26 March 1891
MC/17Volume 17 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1897-1899
NLB/36/763Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Philip Lutley Sclater, Fellow of the Royal Society12 December 1907
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