Record

Authorised form of nameCampbell; Archibald Campbell (1835 - 1908); 1st Baron Blythswood
Other forms of nameDouglas, Archibald CAmpbell
SurnameCampbell
ForenamesArchibald Campbell
Dates1835 - 1908
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Florence, Italy (22 February 1835)
Death:
Blythswood House, Renfrewshire (08 July 1908)
Buried at at Inchinann, near Glasgow (11 July 1908)
ActivityEducation:
Educated privately for an Army career, LL.D Glasgow
Career:
Joined the 79th Highlanders at age 16, transferring to the Scots Guards, before retiring from the Army on the death of his father (1868). ADC to Queen Victoria, (1894); President of the Highland and Agricultural Society (1896-1897); Lord lieutenant and Convenor of Renfrewshire (1904-1908).
Notable amateur scientist, went with his wife to Thebes to observe the Transit of Venus (1874), taking with him a small transit instrument, a 6-inch telescope and a 12-inch telescope, recording the time of first contact, and also observed a white halo, proving an atmosphere around Venus. From 1892-1905 the Blythswood Laboratory was used to experiment into many areas at the borders of physics, including the use of cathode rays, X-rays, spectroscopy and radioactivity. He designed a speed indicator, which was fitted to shiops int he Royal Navy, and carried out studies into the efficiency of aerial propellers some years before the Wright Brothers first powered flight in 1903.
Member of Parliament for Renfrewshire (1873-1874), and for West Renfrewshire (1885-1892). Lord Lietenant for Renfrewshire (1904-1908). REceived an Honorary Doctorate of Law from the University of Glasgow (1888), and made a Freeman of the City.
President, Philosophical Society of Glasgow (1898-1901) and gained it the right to use the prefix 'Royal'
Freemason, member of Lodge St Mary, Coltness, No 31, Wishaw, Lanarkshire
Honours:
Bt 1880; 1st Baron Blythswood of Renfrewshire, 24 August 1892
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
2/05/1907
RelationshipsMarried on 7 July 1864 Hon. Auagusta Clementina Carrington, daughter of the 2nd Baron Carrington, at Whitehall Chapel, London.
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
Library and Museum of Freemasonry, 'Freemasons and the Royal Society: Alphabetical List of Fellows who were Freemasons' 2010, page 15-16
Royal Society codeNA2630
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
NLB/12/656Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Messrs Harrison & Sons31 March 1896
NLB/18/717Copy letter from G Carey Foster, to Lord Blythswood27 April 1899
NLB/35/389Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Messrs Harrison & Sons28 May 1907
RR/14/114Referee's report by John Hall Gladstone, on a paper 'The adoption of Rontgen rays by aqueous solutions of metallic salts' by Archibald Campbell, 1st Baron Blythswood and E W Marchant4 April 1899
EC/1907/04Campbell, Archibald Campbell, 1st Baron Blythswood: certificate of election to the Royal Society
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