Record

Authorised form of nameCarpenter; William Benjamin (1813 - 1885); Naturalist
SurnameCarpenter
ForenamesWilliam Benjamin
Dates1813 - 1885
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Exeter, Devon, England (29 October 1813)
Death:
London (10 or 19 November 1885)
Burial:
Highgate Cemetery, London
ActivityProfession:
Physician
Research Field:
Medicine, natural history
Education:
University College, London; Middlesex Hospital; MD (1835, Edinburgh)
Career:
Lecturer in Medical jurisprudence, Bristol Medical College; Lecturer in Physiology, Bristol Medical School (1843); had a medical practice; Fullerian Lecturer, Royal Institution, London (after 1844); Lecturer in Physiology, London Hospital Medical Department; Professor of Forensic Medicine, University College, London; Registrar, London University (1856-1879); died of burns received when taking a bath lit by an improvised spirit lamp
Memberships:
MRCS; LSA
Honours:
CB 1879
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
1/02/1844
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1861
Council:
VP 1862-1863, 1867-1869
RelationshipsFather of Philip Herbert Carpenter (FRS 1885)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1886 vol 41 pp ii-ix signed by E R L
Notes:
Boase gives death date as 10 November 1885
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/5017040
Royal Society codeNA2869
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
M/138Royal Medal
MM/21/8Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to Robert Dunn15 February 1870
MM/21/9Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to Robert Dunn16 November
MM/21/6Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to Robert Dunn15 May 1855
MM/21/7Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to Robert Dunn5 August 1858
MM/21/11Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to John F Fryer15 March 1864
MM/19/47Letter from Edward Sabine, President, Royal Society, to William Sharpey, Secretary, Royal Society3 July 1868
MM/21/12Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to George R Linney5 June 1863
MM/21/10Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to Robert Dunn19 May 1874
AP/36/8On a peculiar arrangement of the Sanguiferous System in Perebratula and certain other Brachiopoda1854
MS/843/24Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, 17 Savile Row, to Edward Sabine1 June 1868
IM/Maull/000737Carpenter, Wiliam Benjaminnd
IM/000736Carpenter, Wiliam Benjaminnd
MM/14/163Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, University of London, to George Gabriel Stokes20 January 1872
NLB/11/963Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Admiral Sir George Henry Richards, Fellow of the Royal Society9 November 1895
RR/3/25Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the anatomy and physiology of the spongiadae' by John Stuart Bowerbank to the author4 February 1858
RR/3/20Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the ultimate arrangement of the biliary ducts, and on some other points in the anatomy of the liver of vertebrate animals' by Lionel Beale25 August 1855
RR/3/39Referee's report by Thomas Henry Huxley, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter9 July 1856
RR/3/23Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the anatomy and physiology of the spongiadae' by James Scott Bowerbank22 October 1857
RR/3/40Referee's report by Charles Robert Darwin on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera, part II' by William Benjamin Carpenter18 July 1856
RR/3/42Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, on his paper 'Researches on the foraminifera' to The Royal Society28 October 1858
RR/2/11Letter and referee's reports by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Observations on the respiratory movements of insects' by the late William Frederick Barlow; and on a paper 'On the development of striated muscular fibre in mammalia' by William Scovell Savory28 March 1855
RR/3/24Letter from James Stuart Bowerbank, on his paper 'On the anatomy and physiology of the spongiadae' to William Benjamin Carpenter6 January 1858
RR/2/79Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the development of the ductless glands in the chick' by Henry Gray17 March 1852
RR/3/117Referee's report by William Carpenter, on a paper 'On the diœcious character of the rotifera' by Philip Henry Gosse17 April 1856
RR/3/100Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Researches into the nature of the involuntary muscular tissue of the urinary bladder' by George Viner Ellis18 December 1858
RR/3/125Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the organization of the brachiopoda' by Albany Hancock28 October 1857
RR/3/116Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the structure, functions, and homologies of the manducatory organs in the class rotifera' by Philip Henry Gosse30 June 1856
RR/3/263Referee's report by Willliam Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the presence of fibrils of soft tissue in the dentinal tubes' by John Tomes30 May 1856
RR/3/173Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Experimental inquiry into the composition of some of the animals fed and slaughtered as human food' by John Bennet Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert28 October 1858
RR/2/219Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'An inquiry into some of the circumstances and principles which regulate the production of pictures on the retina of the human eye, with their measure of endurance, their colours and changes' by William Scoresby23 March 1854
RR/2/241Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Observations on the structure and development of bone' by John Tomes and Campbell Greig De Morgan2 December 1852
RR/3/275Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Experimental researches on the organ of vision.—Part I. Microscopic examination of the circulation of the blood in the vessels of the iris and of the choroid membrane' by Augustus Volney Waller23 April 1857
RR/4/130Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On certain sensory organs in insects, hitherto undescribed' by John Braxton Hicks9 April 1859
RR/4/156Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Notes on the generative organs, and on the formation of the egg in the annulosa' by John Lubbock23 October 1861
RR/5/62Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the functions of the cerebellum' by William Howship Dickinson28 November 1864
RR/5/55Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Some observations on birds, chiefly in relation to their temperature, with supplementary additions' by John Davy29 June 1865
RR/4/153Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the sources of the nitrogen of vegetation; with special reference to the question whether plants assimilate free or uncombined nitrogen' by John Bennet Lawes, Joseph Henry Gilbert and Evan Pugh16 August 1860
RR/3/38Referee's report by Charles Robert Darwin, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter18 August 1855
RR/4/232Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the structure and growth of the tooth of echinus' by Samuel James Augustus Salter26 April 1861
RR/1/249Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the structure of the dental tissues of the order rodentia' by John Tomes27 May 1850
RR/3/41Referee's report by Charles Robert Darwin, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter28 September 1858
RR/5/32Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the anatomy and physiology of the Spongiadae.—Part II' by James Scott Bowerbank28 November 1862
RR/5/174Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the immunity enjoyed by the stomach from being digested by its own secretion during life' by Frederick William Pavy27 May 1863
RR/6/91Referee's report by Peter Martin Duncan, on a paper 'Description of Parkeria and Loftusia, two gigantic types of arenaceous foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter and Henry Bowman Brady20 July 1869
RR/6/155Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Note on the anatomy of the blood-vessel system of the retina of the hedgehog' by John Whitaker Hulke29 October 1868
RR/1/250Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the structure of the dental tissues of marsupial animals, and more especially of the enamel' by John Tomes18 July 1849
RR/7/63Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On a searcher for aplanatic images applied to microscopes, and its effects in increasing power and improving definition' by George Royston Pigott5 August 1870
RR/7/346Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the echinoidea of the ’porcupine‘ deep-sea dredging-expeditions' by Charles Thomas Wyville Thomson30 May 1874
RR/8/142Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On Astrophiura permira, an echinoderm-form intermediate between Ophiuroidea and Asteroidea' by Walter Percy Sladen12 October 1878
RR/8/200Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Microscopical researches in high power definition' by George West Royston-Pigott14 July 1879
RR/8/254Second referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Microscopical researches in high power definition' by George West Royston-Pigott23 July 1880
RR/9/122Referee's report by William Kitchen Parker, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera - supplemental memoir. On an abyssal type of the genus orbitolites - a study in the theory of descent' by William Benjamin Carpenter28 June 1883
RR/9/125Letter from Thomas Rupert Jones, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera - supplemental memoir. On an abyssal type of the genus orbitolites - a study in the theory of descent' by William Benjamin Carpenter to the Secretary of the Royal Society18 July 1883
RR/9/121Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, on his paper 'Researches on the foraminifera - supplemental memoir. On an abyssal type of the genus orbitolites - a study in the theory of descent' to Michael Foster19 June 1883
RR/9/123Referee's report by Thomas Rupert Jones, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera - supplemental memoir. On an abyssal type of the genus orbitolites - a study in the theory of descent' by William Benjamin Carpenter1883
RR/4/35Referee's report by Thomas Henry Huxley, on a paper 'Researches on foraminifera - fourth and concluding series' by William Benjamin Carpenter1860
RR/5/170Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On some foraminifera from the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, including Davis Straits and Baffin's Bay' by William Kitchen Parker and Thomas Rupert Jones29 November 1864
RR/3/72Referee's report by William Carpenter, on a paper 'On the nervous system of lumbricus terrestris' by Jacob Augustus Lockhart Clarke23 April 1857
RR/4/133Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the homologies of the eye and of its parts in the Invertebrata' by John Braxton Hicks22 October 1861
RR/3/118Referee's report by William Carpenter, on a paper 'On the structure, functions, and homologies of the manducatory organs in the class rotifera' by Philip Henry Gosse22 October 1856
RR/3/37Referee's report by Thomas Henry Huxley, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter21 July 1855
RR/3/160Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Experimental researches on the functions of the mucous membrane of the gall-bladder, principally with reference to the conversion of hepatic into cystic bile' by George Kemp22 October 1856
RR/4/19Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Tables of the weights of the human body and internal organs in the sane and insane of both sexes at various ages, arranged from 2614 post-mortem examinations' by Robert Boyd26 April 1861
RR/4/34Referee's report by George Busk, on a paper 'Researches on foraminifera - fourth and concluding series' by William Benjamin Carpenter1 December 1860
RR/4/241Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the elimination of urea and urinary water, in relation to the period of the day, season, exertion, food, prison discipline, weight of body, and other influences acting in the cycle of the year' by Edward Smith23 October 1861
RR/9/124Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, on his paper 'Researches on the foraminifera - supplemental memoir. On an abyssal type of the genus orbitolites - a study in the theory of descent' to the Secretary of the Royal Society13 July 1883
RR/6/42Referee's report by George James Allman, on a paper 'Researches on the structure, physiology, and development of Antedon (comatula, Lamk.) rosaceus. -Part I' by William Benjamin Carpenter27 July 1866
MM/21/5Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter to Robert Dunn27 July 1854
RR/3/43Referee's report by Thomas Henry Huxley, on a paper 'Researches on the foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter24 September 1858
RR/3/204Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'History of two cases of hernia of the ovaries, in one of which there was a periodical enlargement of one or other of these organs' by Henry Oldham30 March 1857
RR/5/31Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the anatomy and physiology of the spongiadae.—Part III. On the generic characters, the specific characters, and on the method of examination' by James Scott Bowerbank23 October 1862
RR/6/47Letter from Henry Benjamin Wheatley, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'Description of Parkeria and Loftusia, two gigantic types of arenaceous foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter and Henry Bowman Brady7 August 1869
RR/5/248Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'Inquiries into the national dietary' by Edward Smith28 November 1864
RR/5/270Referee's report by William Benjamin Carter, on a paper 'On the embryogeny of Antedon rosaceus, Linck (Comatula rosacea of Lamarck)' by Charles Thomas Wyville Thomson12 March 1863
RR/6/43Referee's report by John Edward Gray, on a paper 'Researches on the structure, physiology, and development of Antedon (comatula, Lamk.) rosaceus. -Part I' by William Benjamin Carpenter12 August 1866
RR/6/45Referee's report by William Kitchen Parker, on a paper 'Description of Parkeria and Loftusia, two gigantic types of arenaceous foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter and Henry Bowman Brady13 July 1869
RR/6/107Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On Palaeocoryne, a genus of tubularine hydrozoa from the Carboniferous formation' by Peter Martin Duncan and H M Jenkins3 August 1869
RR/6/105Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On the genera Heterophyllia, Battersbyia, Palaecyclus, and Asterosmilia; the anatomy of their species, and their position in the classification of sclerodermic zoantharia' by Peter Martin Duncan20 June 1867
RR/6/286Referee's report by William Benjamin Carpenter, on a paper 'On Holtenia, a genus of vitreous sponges' by Charles Thomas Wyville Thomson3 August 1869
RR/6/265Referee's report by William Banjamin Carpenter, on the Croonian Lecture 'On the influence exercised by the movements of respiration on the circulation of the blood' by John Scott Burdon-Sanderson4 June 1867
RR/6/209Letter from Henry Benjamin Wheatley, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding three papers 'On Holtenia, a genus of vitreous sponges' by Charles Thomas Wyville Thomson, 'The physiological action of atropine, digitaline, and aconitine on the heart and blood-vessels of the frog' by Frederic B Nunneley and 'Description of Parkeria and Loftusia, two gigantic types of arenaceous foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter and Henry Bowman Brady1 September 1869
RR/6/44Letter from William Benjamin Carpenter, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'Researches on the structure, physiology, and development of Antedon (comatula, Lamk.) rosaceus. -Part I' by William Benjamin Carpenter20 August 1866
EC/1844/05Carpenter, William Benjamin: certificate of election to the Royal Society
RR/6/46Committee report, on a paper 'Description of Parkeria and Loftusia, two gigantic types of arenaceous foraminifera' by William Benjamin Carpenter and Henry Bowman Bradynd [1869]
IM/000587Group lithograph of Royal Microscopical Society Presidentsnd
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