Record

Authorised form of nameSylvester; James Joseph (1814 - 1897)
SurnameSylvester
ForenamesJames Joseph
Dates1814 - 1897
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
London, England (03 September 1814)
Death:
London (15 March 1897)
Burial:
Ball's Pond Jewish cemetery, London
ActivityResearch Field:
Mathematics
Education:
St John's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1831, Second Wrangler 1837, but could not take a degree, being a Jew). Graduated Trinity College Dublin. BA (1872, Cambridge, after the passing of the Test Acts)
Career:
Professor of Natural Philosophy, University College, London (1837); Professor of Mathematics, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich (1855-1870); Professor of Mathematics, John Hopkins University, Baltimore (1877-1883); Savilian Professor of Geometry, Oxford (1883); retired due to failing sight; Sylvester medal and prize of the Royal Society were founded in his memory
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
25/04/1839
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1861; Copley Medal 1880
RelationshipsYoungest son of Abraham Joseph Sylvester, a Jew
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1898 vol 63 pp ix-xxv, plate, signed by P A M
References:
I Grattan-Guinness, 'The contributions of J J Sylvester, FRS, to mechanics and mathematical physics' in NR 2001 vol 55 pp 253-265
Tony Crilly, 'The Young Arthur Cayley' in NR 1998 vol 52 pp 267-282
I M James, 'James Joseph Sylvester, FRS (1814-1897)' in NR 1997 vol 51 pp 247-261, plate
Ivor Grattan-Guinness, 'The Sylvester Medal: Origins, and Recipients 1901-1949' in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 105-108
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/71473374
Royal Society codeNA2893
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
AP/48/6Note to a paper "On Poisson's solution of the accurate Equations realting to the transmissions of Sound through a Cylindrical Tube: and the General Solution of Partial Differential Equations."1866
MM/15/24Letter from J J Sylvester, Maddox Street, to Arthur Cayley 1878
MM/15/25Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley nd
MM/15/22Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 24 February 1875
MM/15/15Letter from J J Sylvester, Maddox Street, to Arthur Cayley 29 January 1875
MM/15/21Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 22 February 1875
MM/15/13Letter from J J Sylvester to Arthur Cayley13 January 1875
MM/15/20Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 20 February 1875
MM/15/23Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 26 February 1875
MM/15/18Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 4 February 1875
MM/15/16Letter from J J Sylvester, Maddox Street, to Arthur Cayley 1 February 1875
MM/15/19Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 15 February 1875
MM/15/14Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 26 January 1875
AP/50/11On the Impact of Compressible Bodies, continued with reference to the Theory of Pressure1868
AP/49/6On the Interprability of certain Partial Differential Equations modified by Mr. Airy.1867
MS/499Letters and papers of the Royal Society Sylvester Medal Fund1897-1901
NLB/2/326Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society26 April 1888
NLB/2/901Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Arthur Cayley, Fellow of the Royal Society12 December 1888
NLB/4/177Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Jones Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society5 March 1890
NLB/3/10Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society13 February 1889
NLB/3/64Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society1 March 1889
NLB/4/1142Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society28 January 1891
NLB/7/175Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society14 December 1892
NLB/14/466Copy telegram from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Foster, [Fellow of the Royal Society][16 March 1897]
NLB/14/465Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Messrs Harrison & Sons16 March 1897
NLB/14/471Copy telegram from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Arthur William Rucker, [Fellow of the Royal Society][16 March 1897]
NLB/13/812Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Major Percy Alexander MacMahon, Fellow of the Royal Society1 December 1896
NLB/14/481Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to J H Enthoven, 14 Connaught Place, W. 17 March 1897
NLB/14/461Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to J H Enthoven16 March 1897
NLB/14/479Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to Professor Alfred George Greenhill, [Fellow of the Royal Society]17 March 1897
NLB/14/480Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Michael Foster, [Fellow of the Royal Society]17 March 1897
NLB/14/470Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt], [Fellow of the Royal Society]16 March 1897
NLB/14/721Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Major Percy Alexander MacMahon, Fellow of the Royal Society3 May 1897
NLB/16/22Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to the Italian Ambassador13 January 1898
NLB/15/688Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Major Percy Alexander MacMahon, Fellow of the Royal Society16 November 1897
NLB/16/724Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to Professor [Karl] Pearson, Fellow of the Royal Society26 May 1898
NLB/35/766Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Rabbi Henry Cohen, Congregation B'nai Israel, Galveston, Texas15 July 1907
RR/2/39Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the solution of linear differential equations' by B Bronwin8 July 1850
RR/2/61Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'Sur la théorie de I'orientation du plan oscillatoire du pendule simple, et son application à la recherche de I'aplatissement du sphéroide terrestre' by M Oliveira [Baptiste d'Oliveira on index card]19 March 1854
RR/2/234Referee's report by William Spottiswoode, on a paper 'On a theory of the syzygetic relations of two rational integral functions, comprising an application to the theory of Sturm’s functions, and that of the greatest algebraical common measure [supplement]' by James Joseph Sylvester31 October 1853
RR/2/232Referee's report by Arthur Cayley, on a paper 'On a theory of the syzygetic relations of two rational integral functions, comprising an application to the theory of Sturm’s functions, and that of the greatest algebraical common measure' by James Joseph Sylvester16 July 1853
RR/4/42Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On Tschirnhausen’s transformation' by Arthur Cayley31 May 1862
RR/4/224Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the calculus of symbols - third memoir' by William Henry Leighton Russell2 July 1862
RR/5/42Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'A second memoir on skew surfaces, otherwise scrolls' by Arthur Cayley28 June 1864
RR/5/41Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On skew surfaces, otherwise scrolls' by Arthur Cayley11 June 1863
RR/4/225Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the calculus of functions' by William Henry Leighton Russell2 June 1862
RR/5/267Referee's report by Arthur Cayley, on a paper 'Algebraical researches, containing a disquisition on Newton’s rule for the discovery of imaginary roots, and an allied rule applicable to a particular class of equations, together with a complete invariantive determination of the character of the roots of the general equation of the fifth degree, &c' by James Joseph Sylvester28 April 1864
RR/5/268Referee's report by Henry John Stephen Smith, on a paper 'Algebraical researches, containing a disquisition on Newton’s rule for the discovery of imaginary roots, and an allied rule applicable to a particular class of equations, together with a complete invariantive determination of the character of the roots of the general equation of the fifth degree, &c' by James Joseph Sylvester25 May 1864
RR/6/68Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'A third memoir on skew surfaces, otherwise scrolls' by Arthur CayleyNovember 1868
RR/6/51Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'Addition to the memoir on Tschirnhausen's transformation' by Arthur Cayley17 February 1866
RR/6/57Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the curves which satisfy given conditions' by Arthur Cayley2 July 1867
RR/6/65Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the conditions for the existence of three equal roots, or of two pairs of equal roots, of a binary quartic or quintic' by Arthur Cayley23 June 1868
RR/6/58Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'Second memoir on the curves which satisfy given conditions; the principle of correspondence' by Arthur Cayley3 July 1867
RR/6/284Referee's report by Arthur Cayley, on a paper 'On the motion of a rigid body acted on by no external forces' by James Joseph Sylvester29 May 1866
RR/7/72Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the contact of conics with surfaces' by William Spottiswoode28 May 1870
RR/6/283Referee's report by William Fishburn Donkin, on a paper 'On the motion of a rigid body acted on by no external forces' by James Joseph Sylvester22 June 1866
RR/10/88Referee's report by Arthur Cayley, on a paper 'On Hamilton's numbers' by James Joseph Sylvester and James Hammond20 June 1887
RR/9/288Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'A memoir on the theory of mathematical form' by Alfred Bray Kempe17 November 1885
RR/10/89Referee's report by Andrew Russell Forsyth, on a paper 'On Hamilton's numbers' by James Joseph Sylvester and James Hammond16 July 1887
RR/10/361Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'Memoir on symmetric functions of the roots of systems of equations' by Percy Alexander MacMahon4 March 1890
RR/10/161Second letter from James Joseph Sylvester, to John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, regarding a paper 'A class of functional invariants' by Andrew Russell Forsyth5 May 1888
RR/2/226Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'Researches on the theory of invariants' by William Spottiswoode26 April 1855
RR/6/55Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'A supplementary memoir on caustics' by Arthur Cayley21 February 1867
RR/2/233Referee's report by William Spottiswoode, on a paper 'On a theory of the syzygetic relations of two rational integral functions, comprising an application to the theory of Sturm’s functions, and that of the greatest algebraical common measure' by James Joseph Sylvester5 August 1853
MS/427/63Copy letter from Walter White, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society, to the Hon. [Charles] W. Fremandle, Glasgow4 November 1880
MS/426/372Note of a letter from [Charles Richard Weld, the Assistant Secretary of] the Royal Society; to Mr [James Joseph] Sylvester 8 May 1849
MS/426/300Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [James Joseph] Sylvester13 November 1847
MS/426/227Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Lieut. Col. [James Joseph] Sylves [Sylvester]2 November 1846
MS/426/688Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof [James Joseph] Sylvester12 March 1860
AP/48/5On Poisson's solution of the accurate Equations realting to the transmissions of Sound through a Cylindrical Tube: and the General Solution of Partial Differential Equations.1866
EC/1839/24Sylvester, James Joseph: certificate of election to the Royal Society
M/219Sylvester, James Joseph
MM/15/17Letter from J J Sylvester, Athenaeum, to Arthur Cayley 3 February 1875
NLB/2/419Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society13 June 1888
NLB/3/544Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Edwin Ray Lankester, Fellow of the Royal Society, 42 Halfmoon Street8 July 1889
NLB/10/149Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor James Joseph Sylvester, Fellow of the Royal Society9 October 1894
RR/5/265Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'On the distribution of surfaces of the third order into species, reference to the absence or presence of singular points, and the reality of their lines' by Ludwig Schläfli15 March 1865
RR/5/269Referee's report by Arthur Cayley, on a paper 'Algebraical researches, containing a disquisition on Newton’s rule for the discovery of imaginary roots, and an allied rule applicable to a particular class of equations, together with a complete invariantive determination of the character of the roots of the general equation of the fifth degree, &c' by James Joseph Sylvester2 October 1864
RR/10/164Second letter from James Joseph Sylvester, to John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, regarding a paper 'A class of functional invariants' by Andrew Russell Forsyth12 June 1888
RR/10/159Referee's report by James Joseph Sylvester, on a paper 'A class of functional invariants' by Andrew Russell Forsyth28 April 1888
M/142Sylvester Medal of the Royal Society1901
NLB/10/702Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Michael Foster22 January 1895
RR/10/160Letter from James Joseph Sylvester, to John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, regarding a paper 'A class of functional invariants' by Andrew Russell Forsyth29 April 1888
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