Authorised form of nameBiot; Jean Baptiste (1774 - 1862); astronomer, mathematician and physicist
Dates1774 - 1862
Place of birthParis, France
Date of birth21 April 1774
Place of deathParis, France
Date of death03 February 1862
Research fieldPhysics
Served in the Artillery; Professor of Mathematics, Beauvais (1797); Professor of Physics, College de France (1800); accompanied J L Gay Lussac (FRS 1815) on the first balloon ascent made for scientific purposes; involved with F J D Arago (FRS 1818) in measuring an arc of the meridien in Spain (1806); visited England and the Shetland Islands, to make measurements along the line of the British arc of the meridien (1817); made important observations on the polarisation of light
Academie des Sciences
Membership categoryForeign Member
Date of election06/04/1815
Royal Society activityMedals and prizes:
Rumford Medal 1840
Bulloch's Roll; DSB
Proc Roy Soc 1862-1863 vol 12 pp xxxv-xlii
K K Schwarz, 'Faraday and Babbage' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp367-381
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA3671
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/000378Biot, Jean Baptiste1853
MM/1/8Letter from John Dalton, Manchester, to Jean Baptiste Biot5 August 1833
IM/005509Biot, Jean Baptistend
MM/17/47Letter from John H Wilkinson to Herbert Rix, Assistant Secretary, Royal Society13 June 1895
CB/1/1/260Letter from Jean-Baptiste Biot to Charles Blagden19 January 1806
CB/1/1/267Draft of a letter from Charles Blagden to Jean-Baptiste Biot 28 November 1815
CB/1/1/262Letter from Jean-Baptiste Biot to Charles Blagden27 May 1806
CB/1/1/218Letter from Claude Louis Berthollet, Arcueil to Charles Blagden3 April 1806
CB/1/1/263Letter from Jean-Baptiste Biot to Charles Blagden20 April 1814
CB/1/1/264Letter from Jean-Baptiste Biot to Charles Blagden10 May 1814
CB/1/1/261Letter from Jean-Baptiste Biot to Charles Blagden23 May 1806
MM/16/101Letter from J B Biot to C Blagden29 April 1816
EC/1814/35Biot, Jean Baptiste: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MC/4/80Letter from [Jean Baptiste] Biot, Paris, to the Marquis of Northampton, President of the Royal Society20 July 1845
MC/4Volume 4 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1844-1850
AP/32/3Unpublished paper, 'Notice sur [Joseph Louis] Gay-Lussac' [A notice on Gay-Lussac] by Jean Baptiste BiotMay 1850
AP/66/12/1Unpublished manuscript, 'On a possible geological origin of terrestrial magnetism' by Edward Hull1889
AP/66/12Unpublished paper, 'On a possible geological origin of terrestrial magnetism' by Edward Hull1889
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