Authorised form of nameMackenzie; George (1630 - 1714); 1st Earl of Cromarty; politician and polymath
Other forms of surnameMakenzy
Dates1630 - 1714
Place of birthInnerteil, near Kinghorn, Fife, Scotland, Europe
Date of birth1630
Place of deathNew Tarbat, Highland, Scotland, United Kingdom, Europe
Date of death17 August 1714
Dates and placesBurial:
Dingwall, Highland, Scotland, United Kingdom, Europe
Research fieldNatural history
St Andrews; Kings College, Aberdeen (MA 1646)
Supported Charles II (1653); in exile on the Continent (1654-1660); Lord of Session (1661); MP for Ross in the Scottish Parliament; Lord Justice General of Scotland (1678); Privy councillor (Scotland) (1678); Lord Clerk Register (1681); Chief Minister in Scotland (1682-1688); Secretary of State (1702-1704); Lord Justice General (1705-1710)
Viscount Tarbat 1685; Earl of Cromarty 1703
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election14/12/1692
Other Royal Society activityHad some letters on natural history published in the 'Philosophical Transactions'
RelationshipsParents: Sir John Mackenzie, Bart, and Margeret Erskine; succeeded his father (1654)
Married: 1) Anna Sinclair; 2) Margaret Wemyss, Countess of Wemyss (widow of James Wemyss, Lord Burntisland)
Children: Roderick Mackenzie; John Mackenzie, 2nd Earl of Cromarty; Kenneth Mackenzie; James Mackenzie
Additional relatives: daughter-in-law Lady Anne Dick
General contextDuring his career as a politician, which began when he returned from exile at the Restoration in 1660, his policies and convictions were hard to pin down and according to Gilbert Burnet (FRS 1664), he was very ambitious and presented himself to all parties in turn. He supported a union between Scotland and England and published a variety of political pamphlets on this and the Church of Scotland.
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; GEC; ODNB
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA4299
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/M1/73Letter, from George Mackenzie to James Gregory8 February 1675
EL/M1/72Letter, from George Mackenzie to James Gregory, dated at Tarbat16 January 1675
EL/M1/69Letter, from George Mackenzie to James Gregory16 April 1674
EL/M1/71Letter, from George Mackenzie to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Tarbat19 July 1675
EL/M1/74Letter, from George Mackenzie to James Gregory27 February 1675
EL/M1/70Letter, from George Mackenzie to James Gregory19 July 1675
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