Record

Authorised form of nameRuysch; Friedrich (1638 - 1731)
Other forms of nameFrederick
Ruysch, Frederik
Dates1638 - 1731
NationalityDutch
Place of birthThe Hague, Netherlands
Date of birth23 March 1638
Place of deathAmsterdam, Netherlands
Date of death22 February 1731
OccupationPharmacist; Physician
Research fieldBotany; obstetrics; anatomy; medicine
ActivityEducation:
?Grammar school at The Hague; apprenticed to an apothecary; Leyden; MD (1664)
Career:
Opened a pharmacy at The Hague (1661); practised as a physician at The Hague (1664-1667), then at Amsterdam (1667-death); Praelector of Anatomy for the Surgeons' Guild of Amsterdam (1666-1731); moved to Amsterdam (1667); City Obstetrician of Amsterdam (1672-1712); Doctor to the Court of Justice (1679), in which capacity he gained considerable experience in forensic medicine; Professor of Botany at the Athenaeum Illustre and supervisor of the Botanical Gardens (1685), Pieter Hotton (FRS 1703) was his assistant (1692); lectured on anatomy to foreign visitors; developed a method of preserving corpses which was said to make them look most lifelike, the first adult on whom he tried it was the English Admiral Berkeley (1666); Peter the Great acquired his collection (1713) and King John Sobieski of Poland acquired a later collection which he gave to the University of Wittenberg; fractured his 'collum femoris' and died of a fever
Memberships:
Academia Leopoldina-Carolina (1705); Academie Royale des Sciences (1727)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election09/06/1715
ProposerRichard Bradley
RelationshipsSon of Hendrik Ruysch, Secretary of the States General, and his wife, Anna van Berchem; married Maria, daughter of Pieter Post, Architect to the Prince of Orange
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB; NNBW; Hirsch
Authority:
Altname from DSB
References:
Frank N Egerton, 'Richard Bradley's Relationship with Sir Hans Sloane' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 59-77
Royal Society codeNA4558
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
RBO/11/94Account by Dr Stukeley of Frederick Ruysch's book entitled 'Adversariorum Anatomico-Medico-Chirurgicorum Decas' 1723
IM/003956Ruysch, Friedrichnd
CLP/22ii/3Paper, Observations of Mr [Frederick] Ruysch's 'Adversariorum Anatomico-Medico Chirurgicorum Decas secunda' [Of opposition to surgical anatomical healing, second decade] by William Stukeley28 October 1720
DM/5/102A list of benefactors to the Museum, to the value of £5 or upwards at one time c.1737
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