Record

Authorised form of nameArrhenius; Svante August (1859 - 1927)
SurnameArrhenius
ForenamesSvante August
Dates1859 - 1927
Dates and placesBirth:
Vik, Sweden (19 February 1859)
Death:
Stockholm, Sweden (02 October 1927)
ActivityResearch Field:
Chemistry, physics
Career:
In 1894 he used Fourier's equations to divide the surface of the planet into small squares and assessed the capacity of each segment to absorb and reflect solar radiation. From this he produced a series of temperature predictions for different latitudes and seasons determined by atmospheric concentrations of Carbon Dioxide that varied from two thirds to three times the then current value. Remarkably, his calculation that a doubling of Carbon Dioxide levels would cause a warming of 5 to 6 degrees Centigrade almost exactly mirrors the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's assessment which puts 5.8 degrees Centigrade at the top of its likely warming range. A polymath interested in everything from immunology to electrical engineering, he was an early investigator of the Northern Lights. After World War I took up political causes, campaigning for immunisation against small-pox.
Royal Society activityMembership:
Foreign Member
Election Date:
30/06/1910
Medals/Prizes:
Davy Medal 1902; Nobel Prize (Chemistry) 1903
Published works'On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature of the ground' 1895 Paper presented to the Stockholm Physical Society
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc Series A 1928 vol 119 pp ix-xix, plate, signed by J W
Article 'Land of the Midnight Sums' in New Scientist 25 January 2003 pp50-51
Royal Society codeNA4861
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1910/16Arrhenius, Svante August: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MS/373/1/46Letter from Svante Arrhenius, Stockholm, to [Thomas Edward Thorpe]25 November 1902
NLB/23/2/513Copy letter from Joseph Larmor, to Svante Arrhenius, [Foreign Member of the Royal Society]21 June 1904
NLB/23/2/254Copy letter from Sir Michael Foster, to The Deputy Master, Royal Mint, E.6 November 1902
NLB/23/2/257Copy letter from Sir Michael Foster, to Professor Svante August Arrhenius, [Foreign Member of the Royal Society]6 November 1902
NLB/25/541Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Svante Augustus Arrhenius, [Fellow of the Royal Society], Rector, Hochschule, Stockholm17 November 1902
NLB/42/649Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to "Nature"July 1910
NLB/71/407Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir James Walker, FRS3 May 1928
NLB/71/460Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir James Walker, Vice President of the Royal Society31 May 1928
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