Record

Authorised form of nameHoward; John (1726 - 1790)
SurnameHoward
ForenamesJohn
Dates1726 - 1790
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Hackney, London, England (02 September 1726)
Death:
Kherson, Ukraine (20 January 1790)
Burial:
A walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine
ActivityCareer:
Apprenticed to a wholesale grocer in Watling Street; went on a tour of the Continent; High Sheriff, Bedfordshire; took on prison reform studying conditions of prisons and prisoners, prison mortality statistics and the needs of reform and mostly due to his efforts two acts were passed in 1774; published "State of prisons in England and Wales" (1777); visited prisons on the Continent; caught typhus fever from a prison visit in Chersson, Black Sea, and died of it
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
13/05/1756
RelationshipsSon of John Howard, partner in a carpet and upholstery business near Long Lane, London; married his 52 year-old landlady when he was 25, she died not long after; married for a second time when living in Bedfordshire
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
References:
Linde Katritzky, 'Coleridge's Links with Leading Men of Science' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 261-276
Notes:
DNB is source of place names; for birth place it says 'most probably in Hackney' (so there is an element of doubt).
Royal Society codeNA5272
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1756/07Howard, John: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/002272Howard, Johnnd
L&P/5/208Paper, 'Observations on the heat of the ground on Mount Vesuvius' by John Howard1771
L&P/4/207Letter, 'Of cold in Bedfordshire, 22 November 1763' from John Howard to John Canton12 April 1764
L&P/4/383Letter, 'Of the heat of Bath-waters' from John Howard to William Watson1767
L&P/7/256Letter, 'Education of female nobility in Russia' from Mathew Guthrie to John Howard 12 October 1781
L&P/7/163Paper, 'Heat at various places, 1778' by John Howard1780
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