Record

Authorised form of nameTimiriazeff; Clement Arkadevich (1843 - 1920); botanist and physiologist
Other forms of nameKliment Arkadievich
Klement Arkadevich
Other forms of surnameTimiriazev
Timiryazev
Dates1843 - 1920
NationalityRussian
Place of birthSaint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Date of birth03 June 1843
Place of deathMoscow, Russian Soviet Republic
Date of death28/04/1920
Occupationbotanist and physiologist
Research fieldPlant physiology
Physiology
Botany
ActivityEducation: St Petersburg University PhD (1865)
Career: Published his first scientific work An Apparatus for the Study of the Decomposition of Carbon Dioxide (1868); sent abroad to prepare for the professorship (1868); worked for Hofmeister, Bunsen, Kirchhoff, and Berthelot and attended lectures by Helmholtz, Claude Bernard; upon his return to Russia he defended his master’s thesis (Spectral Analysis of Chlorophyll, 1871) and was subsequently appointed professor at the Petrovsky Agricultural Academy in Moscow; lectured on botany until the closure of the academy (1892); awarded the title Doctor of Botany for his work "On the Assimilation of Light by a Plant” and was invited to the Moscow University to the Department of Plant Anatomy and Physiology (1877); visited Charles Darwin (FRS 1839) at Down House (1877); Professor of Moscow University (1878); awarded title of Distinguished Ordinary Professor (1902); came to England as a delegate to the Darwin celebration in Cambridge (1909); left the university in protest against actions of the Minister of Education, Casso; reinstated Professor at Moscow University following the Great October Socialist Revolution but ill health prevented him from working in the department (1917).
Memberships:
Russian Academy of Sciences (1890)
Botanical Society of Scotland (1911)
Membership categoryForeign Member
Date of election09/11/1911
Age at election68
ProposerArchibald Geikie; John Rose Bradford; William Crookes; William Jackson Pope; Frederic Stanley Kipping; Henry Reginald Arnulph Mallock; Arthur Everett Shipley; Oldfield Thomas; Percy Alexander MacMahon
David Gill; Lazarus Fletcher; Charles James Martin; Walter Holbrook Gaskell; William Mitchinson Hicks; John Henry Poynting; Ernest Howard Griffiths; James Dewar
Royal Society activityLectures:
Croonian 1903
Published worksRCN 20811
General contextFounded a faculty of vegetable physiology and a laboratory at the Petrovskoye Academy.
Major proponent of the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin (FRS 1839) in Russia.
His research was focused on photosynthesis-related phenomena.
Pioneered the use of greenhouses for agricultural research in Russia.
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; Prof. C. A. Timiriazeff, For.Mem.R.S. Nature 105, 430 (1920) [URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/105430a0; last accessed: 14/03/2024]; The Great Soviet Encyclopedia [URL: https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/bse/139680/Тимирязев; last accessed: 14/03/2024]
Royal Society codeNA533
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1911/23Timiriazeff, Clement Arkadevich: certificate of election to the Royal Society
NLB/23/2/277Copy letter from Sir Michael Foster, to Professor Kliment Arkadievich Timiryazev, [Foreign Member of the Royal Society], University of Moscow18 December 1902
NLB/27/203Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Clement Arkadevich Timiriazeff, [Fellow of the Royal Society]20 July 1903
NLB/25/852Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Clement Arkadevich Timiriazeff, [Foreign Member, Royal Society], Moscow12 January 1903
NLB/27/472Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Clement Arkadevich Timiriazeff, L'Universite, Moscow, Russia2 October 1903
NLB/58/538Copy letter from Edwin Deller, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Messrs Harrison & Sons]19 May 1920
NLB/61/682Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr. [Frederick Frost] Blackman, FRS5 October 1921
NLB/67/430Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr [Frederick Frost] Blackman, FRS18 December 1924
NLB/68/402Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr [Frederick Frost] Blackman, FRS9 July 1925
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