Authorised form of nameHerbert; Thomas (c1656 - 1733); 8th Earl of Pembroke and 5th Earl of Montgomery; politician and government official
Datesc1656 - 1733
Place of birthCastle Baynard, England, Europe
Date of birthc. 1656
Place of deathHis house in St James's Square, Westminster, England, Europe
Date of death22 January 1733
Dates and placesBurial :
Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire, England, Europe (31 January 1733)
Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1673)
Travelled to France and Italy (1676-1679); Freeman of the HEIC (1678); MP for Wilton (1678-1681); Commissioner for Assessment for Wiltshire (1679-1680); Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire (1683-1687, 1688-death), and for Monmouthshire and South Wales (1694-1715); Custos Rotulorum of Glamorgan (1683-1728), and for Pembrokeshire (1683-1715); High Steward of Wilton (1685-death), Salisbury (1709-death); raised the Militia of Wiltshire against the Duke of Monmouth (1685); Colonel of Foot in the Dutch Army (1685), and of 2nd Marine Regiment (1690-1691); Privy Councillor (1689-death); Ambassador to the States General (1689, 1705); First Lord of the Admiralty (1691-1692, 1701-1702); Elder Brother of Trinity House (1691-17007), and Master (1692-1694); Lord Privy Seal (1692-1699); first Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Ryswick (1697); Lord High Admiral (1702, 1708-1709); President of the Council (1702-1708); one of the Commissioners for the Union with Scotland (1707); Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1707)
KG 1700
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election13/05/1685
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
PRS 1689-1690; Vice-President 1687-
RelationshipsParents: Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke, and Catharine Villiers
Siblings: Philip Herbert, 7th Earl of Pembroke; succeeded his brother 1683
Married: 1) Margaret Sawyer; 2) Barbara Arundell (née Slingsby); 3) Mary Howe
Additional relatives: brother-in-law John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett (FRS 1706 and 1713)
General contextDuring his travels abroad, Herbert formed a friendship with John Locke (FRS 1668). His skills as a naval administrator were well-regarded amongst his peers and he was favoured at court. He also enjoyed a reputation as a collector, as well as a patron of the arts and sciences, such as for John Locke. He purchased a substantial part of the collections at Wilton House, including the Arundel marbles.

Herbert T, IM006636.jpg

Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Foster; GEC; Henning; ODNB
Probably 1689, as Hunter says that he was on Council from 1687 until 1689. He was admitted 26 Jan 1687, again according to Hunter.
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA5662
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
LBO/7/104Copy letter from Thomas Herbert, Orleans, to Henry Oldenburg25 March 1675
LBO/7/47Copy letter from Thomas Herbert, Blois, to Henry Oldenburg28 July 1674
LBO/6/58Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg, London, to Thomas Herbert9 June 1673
IM/003491Herbert, Thomas, 8th Earl of Pembroke and 5th Earl of Montgomerynd
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