Authorised form of nameHoyle; Sir; Fred (1915 - 2001)
Dates1915 - 2001
Place of birthBingley, West Yorkshire
Date of birth24/06/1915
Place of deathBournemouth, Dorset
Date of death20/08/2001
Research fieldAstronomy
Bingley Grammar School; Emmanuel College, Cambridge (Mathematics)
Studied under Rudolf Peierls (FRS 1945) and under Paul Dirac (FRS 1930); Fellow, St John's College, Cambridge (1939-1972); served in the Admiralty Signals Establishment (World War 2); Assistant Lecturer, Department of Mathematics, Cambridge University (1945-1958); invented the term "Big Bang"; worked with RA Lyttleton (FRS 1955) and Hermann Bondi (FRS 1959) to develop the theory of accretion (1940s); worked with Bondi and Thomas Gold (FRS 1964) to develop the Steady State Theory of the Universe (1950s); worked with Margaret Burbidge (FRS 1964) and Geoffrey Burbidge (FRS 1968); presented radio talks on "The Nature of the Universe (1950); Plumian Professor of Astronomy, Cambridge University (1958-1972); founder and Director, Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge (1967-1972); Member, Science Research Council (1967-1972); retired (1972); Honorary Research Professor, Manchester University (1972-2001); Honorary Fellow, St John's College (1973-2001) and Emmanuel College, Cambridge; Honorary Professor, University of Wales, Cardiff (1975-2001); wrote novels
Kt 1972
US National Academy of Sciences (Foreign Associate 1969); FRAS (President 1971-1973)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election21/03/1957
Age at election41
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Council: 1969-1971; VP 1969-1971
Medals and prizes:
Royal Medal 1974
Bakerian 1968
RelationshipsSon of a textile salesman of Bingley, West Yorkshire; married (1939) Barbara Clark; one son, one daughter
Published worksPapers of Sir Fred Hoyle deposited at St John's College Cambridge 2001 [ ]
Obituaries: Times, Financial Times, Guardian (23 August 2001)
B E J Pagel, 'A Life of Achievement and Controversy', review of Fred Hoyle, Home is Where the Wind Blows in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 329-332, plate
Sir Fred Hoyle, 'The Achievement of Dirac', review of Helge S. Kragh, Dirac: A Scientific Biography in NR 1992 vol 46 pp 183-187
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 2003 vol 49 pp 213-248 , plate, by Geoffrey Burbidge
Royal Society codeNA5692
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/002280Hoyle, Sir Frednd
HWT/32/3Agenda, papers and minutes of meeting held 5 July 1971July 1971
PB/3/1/3/3/19Correspondence with Fred Hoyle following Blackett's 1947 paper on magnetismMarch 1949
PB/2/7/9/2Correspondence with Fred Hoyle, re magnetic fields of sun and starsJuly 1959
EC/1957/08Hoyle, Sir Fred: certificate of election to the Royal Society
RR/65/136Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'ß-Transitions in a coulomb field' by Fred HoyleFebruary 1938
WF/198Grant application from University of Cambridge to the Wolfson Foundation 1965-1973
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