Record

Authorised form of nameSherard; William (1659 - 1728)
Other forms of nameSherwood, William
SurnameSherard
ForenamesWilliam
Dates1659 - 1728
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Bushby, Leicestershire, England (27 February 1659)
Death:
London (11 August 1728)
Burial:
Eltham, Kent
ActivityResearch Field:
Botany, Antiquities
Education:
Merchant Taylors' School; St John's College, Oxford; BCL (1683), Incorporated at Cambridge (1685), DCL (1694); studied botany under Tournefort in Paris (1686-1688); Leyden (admitted 1694); Padua (admitted 1696)
Career:
Fellow of St John's (1683-1703); granted permission to travel abroad for three periods of five years each (1685); travelled to Geneva, Rome and Naples, Cornwall and Jersey, sending lists of the plants he saw to John Ray (FRS 1667); Tutor to Sir Arthur Rawdon at Moira, Co Down (1690-1694), Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend (FRS 1706), with whom he travelled in Europe (1694), Wriothesley, son of William, Lord Russell, with whom he travelled in France and Italy (1695-1699), Henry, Duke of Beaufort, at Badminton (1700-1702); Commissioner for Sick and Wounded Prisoners (1702); English Consul at Smyrna, where he grew many rare plants in his garden, formed a celebrated herbarium and travelled in Asia Minor (1703-1717); travelled in Europe (1721, 1723, 1727); bequeathed £3000 to found the chair of Botany at Oxford first occupied by his friend John James Dillenius (FRS 1724)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
25/02/1720
Proposers:
Edmond Halley; Robert Balle
Council: 1727
RelationshipsSon of George Sherard or Sherwood of Bushby, Leicestershire; brother of James Sherard (FRS 1706)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Innes Smith; Venn; Munk's Roll (Sherard, James)
References:
Marta Cavazza, 'The Institute of Science of Bologna and the Royal Society in the eighteenth century' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 3-25, plate
John H Appleby, 'Ginseng and the Royal Society' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 121-145
Frank N Egerton, 'Richard Bradley's Relationship with Sir Hans Sloane' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 59-77
Raymond Phineas Stearns, 'Fellows of the Royal Society in North Africa and the Levant, 1662-1800' in NR 1954-55 vol 11 pp 75-90
Jean Jacquot, 'Sir Hans Sloane and French Men of Science' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 85-98
C S S, 'The Society's Library' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 21-27
Notes:
DSB gives year of election as 1718.
Royal Society codeNA5817
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
RBO/11/27'A farther account of the same (Poyson) Tree by William Sherard'1720
RBO/8/11'The way of making Several China varnishes sent from the Jesuits in China to the great Duke of Tuscany' communicated by Dr William Sherardnd
CLP/10i/46Paper, 'A farther account of the same tree' by William Sherard1720s
MS/108Papers on mercantile interests of William Sherard
MS/252William Sherard papers1694-1738
CLP/2/27Paper, 'Ways of making several Chinese varnishes sent from the Jesuits in China to the great duke of Tuscany' communciated by William Sherard[c1700]
MS/390/185Bond of William Sherard to the Treasurer of the Royal Society16 March 1720
CLP/2/28Paper, 'The way of several china varnishes sent from the Jesuits in China' by William Sherard1700
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