Authorised form of nameSherard; William (1659 - 1728)
Other forms of surnameSherwood
Dates1659 - 1728
Place of birthBushby, Leicestershire, England
Date of birth27 February 1659
Place of deathLondon
Date of death11 August 1728
Dates and placesBurial:
Eltham, Kent
Research fieldBotany
Merchant Taylors' School; St John's College, Oxford; BCL (1683), Incorporated at Cambridge (1685), DCL (1694); studied botany under Tournefort in Paris (1686-1688); Leyden (admitted 1694); Padua (admitted 1696)
Fellow of St John's (1683-1703); granted permission to travel abroad for three periods of five years each (1685); travelled to Geneva, Rome and Naples, Cornwall and Jersey, sending lists of the plants he saw to John Ray (FRS 1667); Tutor to Sir Arthur Rawdon at Moira, Co Down (1690-1694), Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend (FRS 1706), with whom he travelled in Europe (1694), Wriothesley, son of William, Lord Russell, with whom he travelled in France and Italy (1695-1699), Henry, Duke of Beaufort, at Badminton (1700-1702); Commissioner for Sick and Wounded Prisoners (1702); English Consul at Smyrna, where he grew many rare plants in his garden, formed a celebrated herbarium and travelled in Asia Minor (1703-1717); travelled in Europe (1721, 1723, 1727); bequeathed £3000 to found the chair of Botany at Oxford first occupied by his friend John James Dillenius (FRS 1724)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election25/02/1720
ProposerEdmond Halley
Robert Balle
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Council: 1727
RelationshipsSon of George Sherard or Sherwood of Bushby, Leicestershire; brother of James Sherard (FRS 1706)
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Innes Smith; Venn; Munk's Roll (Sherard, James)
Marta Cavazza, 'The Institute of Science of Bologna and the Royal Society in the eighteenth century' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 3-25, plate
John H Appleby, 'Ginseng and the Royal Society' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 121-145
Frank N Egerton, 'Richard Bradley's Relationship with Sir Hans Sloane' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 59-77
Raymond Phineas Stearns, 'Fellows of the Royal Society in North Africa and the Levant, 1662-1800' in NR 1954-55 vol 11 pp 75-90
Jean Jacquot, 'Sir Hans Sloane and French Men of Science' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 85-98
C S S, 'The Society's Library' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 21-27
DSB gives year of election as 1718.
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA5817
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
RBO/11/27'A farther account of the same (Poyson) Tree by William Sherard'1720
MS/108Papers on mercantile interests of William Sherard
MS/390/185Bond of William Sherard to the Treasurer of the Royal Society16 March 1720
CLP/2/28Paper, 'The way of making severall China varnishes sent from the Jesuits in China to the Great Duke of Tuscany' by unknown author[1700]
MS/252William Sherard papers1694-1738
CLP/10i/46Paper, 'A farther account of the same tree' by William Sherard1720s
RBO/8/11'The way of making Several China varnishes sent from the Jesuits in China to the great Duke of Tuscany' communicated by Dr William Sherardnd
CLP/2/27Paper, 'Mado di cuocere il charam della China al sola' ['Way of making the Chinese varnish'] by unknown author[c1700]
CLP/14i/55Paper, 'Of the strange effects of Indian varnish' by Joseph del Papa[1701]
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView


    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →


    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView