Record

Authorised form of nameStewart; Balfour (1828 - 1887)
SurnameStewart
ForenamesBalfour
Dates1828 - 1887
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Edinburgh, Scotland (01 November 1828)
Death:
Ballymagarvey, near Drogheda, Ireland (19 December 1887)
ActivityResearch Field:
Physics, meteorology
Education:
Dundee; Edinburgh University. MA
Career:
Entered the office of James Balfour, a relative; went to Australia (1855); gave up business (1856); Assistant observer, Kew Observatory (1856); Director, Kew Observatory (1859-1871); Professor of Natural Philosophy, Owen's College, Manchester (1870-1887); died of apoplexy
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
5/06/1862
Medals/Prizes:
Rumford Medal 1868
RelationshipsSon of William Stewart, tea merchant, of Leith, and his wife Hane, daughter of Rev William Clouston; married (08 September 1863) Katharine, daughter of Charles Stevens, lawyer, of London
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1889 vol 46 pp ix-xi signed by P G T
References:
R W Home, 'The Royal Society and the Empire: the colonial and Commonwealth Fellowship. Part 2. After 1847' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 47-84
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/17329396
Royal Society codeNA6042
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1862/12Stewart, Balfour: certificate of election to the Royal Society
AP/55/4Researches on Solar Physics III1872
MS/373/1/114Testimonial by Balfour Stewart, Owen's College, Manchester, supporting Thomas Edward Thorpe14 April 1874
MM/21/81Letter from Balfour Stewart to John Peter Gassiot3 March 1870
MS/377/1/124Letter from Balfour Stewart, Owen's College, Manchester, to [William Fletcher] Barrett 22 March 1880
MS/377/1/120Letter from Balfour Stewart, Lady Barn Villa, Fallowfield, to [William Fletcher] Barrett 22 December 1871
MS/377/1/123Letter from Balfour Stewart, Lady Barn Villa, Fallowfield, to [William Fletcher] Barrett2 May 1876
MS/377/1/122Letter from Balfour Stewart, Lady Barn Villa, Fallowfield, Manchester, to [William Fletcher] Barrett10 April 1876
MS/377/1/121Letter from Balfour Stewart, 50 Pevensey Road, Eastbourne, Sussex, to [William Fletcher] Barrett16 August 1875
AP/50/2Heliographical positions Tables I & II1868
AP/51/4Researches on Solar Physics No. II. Account of some recent observations on Sunspots made at the Kew Observatory1868
AP/63/5On the Surface Forces in Fluids1884
NLB/1/518Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Balfour Stewart, Fellow of the Royal Society18 July 1887
RR/9/337Letter from Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers to John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh30 June 1886
AP/38/32Description of an instrument for registering changes of temperature 1 June 1856
RR/4/258Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin on a paper 'On internal radiation in uniaxal crystals' by Balfour Stewart10 July 1861
RR/5/59Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on two papers 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' and 'Researches on solar physics.-No. II. The positions and areas of the spots observed at Kew during the years 1864-66, also the spotted area of the sun's visible disk from the com­mencement of 1832 up to May 1868' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy1 June 1865
RR/4/261Referee's report by Charles Wheatstone, on a paper 'On the light radiated by heated bodies' by Balfour Stewart17 March 1860
RR/5/92Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Account of magnetic observations made in the years 1858–61 inclusive, in British Columbia, Washington Territory, and Vancouver Island' by Robert Wolseley Haig2 December 1863
RR/4/257Letter from Balfour Stewart, on his paper 'On the great magnetic disturbance which extended from August 28 to September 7, 1859, as recorded by photography at the Kew Observatory' to the Secretary of the Royal Society30 October 1861
RR/4/260Referee's report by Humphrey Lloyd on a paper 'On the great magnetic disturbance which extended from August 28 to September 7, 1859, as recorded by photography at the Kew Observatory' by Balfour Stewart14 August 1861
RR/9/335Letter from Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers to John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh17 June 1886
RR/9/336Re-written referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers1886
RR/5/238Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Numerical elements of Indian meteorology' by Hermann De Schlagintweit17 June 1863
RR/5/259Letter from Edward Sabine, to William Sharpey, regarding a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart24 July 1863
RR/5/262Second letter from Balfour Stewart, regarding a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart22 July 1863
RR/7/169Letter from Warren De La Rue, on his paper 'Researches on solar physics - part III' by himself, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy to the Sceretary of the Royal Society23 November 1872
RR/7/165Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics - part III' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy23 May 1872
RR/6/70Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the solar variations of magnetic declination at Bombay' by Charles Chambers30 June 1868
RR/6/146Second referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewynd [1868]
RR/6/170Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the expansion by heat of water and mercury' by Augustus Matthiessen31 January 1866
RR/6/275Letter from Balfour Stewart, on a paper [attributed] 'On the causes of the loss of the iron-built sailing-ship 'Glenorchy.’' by Archibald Smith11 November 1869
RR/6/198Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the lunar-diurnal variation of the magnetic declination, with special regard to the moon's declination' in animal bodies' by G Neumayer16 April 1867
RR/6/173Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the expansion by heat of water and mercury' by Augustus Matthiessennd [1866]
RR/6/171Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the expansion by heat of metals and alloys' by Augustus Matthiessen6 August 1866
RR/6/102Referee's report by John Phillips, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy17 August 1868
RR/6/101Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy14 July 1868
RR/6/217Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Magnetic survey of the West of France, 1868' by Stephen Joseph Perry13 August 1869
RR/7/22Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On deep-sea thermometers' by John E Davis11 June 1870
RR/7/66Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Certain supra-annual cycles of temperature in the earth's surface crust' by Charles Piazzi Smyth19 May 1870
RR/7/194Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Magnetic observations made at Stonyhurst College Observatory, from April 1863 to March 1870' by Stephen Joseph Perry24 July 1872
RR/7/166Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics - part III' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy17 October 1872
RR/7/168Letter from Balfour Stewart, on his paper 'Researches on solar physics - part III' by himself, Warren De La Rue and Benjamin Loewy to the Secretary of the Royal Society22 November 1872
RR/7/159Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on two papers 'The absolute direction and intensity of the Earth's magnetic force at Bombay, and its secular and annual variations' and 'On the lunar variations of magnetic declination at Bombay' by Charles Chambers16 March 1872
RR/7/160Letter from Balfour Stewart, on two papers 'The absolute direction and intensity of the Earth's magnetic force at Bombay, and its secular and annual variations' and 'On the lunar variations of magnetic declination at Bombay' by Charles Chambers16 March 1872
RR/8/47Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Report on the total solar eclipse of April 6, 1875' by Joseph Norman Lockyer and Arthur Schuster23 November 1877
RR/8/133Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the determination of the constants of the cup anemometer by experiments with a whirling machine' by Thomas Romney Robinson2 May 1878
RR/8/156Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the relation between the diurnal range of magnetic declination and horizontal force, as observed at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, during the years 1841 to 1877, and the period of solar spot frequency' by William Ellis12 June 1879
RR/7/364Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'The absolute direction and intensity of the Earth's magnetic force at Bombay, and its secular and annual variations' by Charles Chambers1 June 1875
RR/7/399Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Reduction of anemograms taken at the armagh observatory in the years 1857-63' by Thomas Romney Robinson15 July 1875
RR/7/487Referee's report by John Allan Broun, on a paper 'On the variations of the daily range of atmospheric temperature as recorded at the Kew Observatory' by Balfour Stewart1876
RR/7/437Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the variations of the daily mean horizontal force of the earth's magnetism produced by the suns rotation and the moon's synodical and tropical revolutions' by John Allan Broun12 January 1876
RR/7/488Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the variations of the daily range of atmospheric temperature as recorded at the Kew Observatory' by Balfour Stewart4 December 1876
RR/7/486Letter from John Allan Broun, on a paper 'On the variations of the daily range of atmospheric temperature as recorded at the Kew Observatory' by Balfour Stewart30 August 1876
RR/8/226Referee's report by Henry Enfield Roscoe and Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On actinometrical observations, made in India at Mussooree and Dehra in October and November, 1879' by John Baboneau Nickterlien Hennessey8 June 1880
RR/8/250Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the determination of the constants of the cup anemometer by experiments with a whirling machine—part II' by Thomas Romney Robinson27 July 1880
RR/9/180Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'The influence of pressure on the temperature of volatilization of solids' by William Ramsay and Sydney Young12 July 1883
RR/9/257Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the variations of the mean diurnal inequality of the horizontal component of the earth’s magnetic force at Bombay, and their relations to the sun-spot period' by Frederick Chambers30 June 1885
RR/9/377Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Experimental researches on the propagation of heat by conduction in muscle, liver, kidney, bone, and brain' by J S Lombard1886
RR/9/400Referee's report by William Grylls Adams, on a paper 'On a comparison between apparent inequalities of short period in sun-spot areas and in diurnal declination-ranges at Toronto and at Prague' by Balfour Stewart and William Lant Carpenter 9 April 1886
RR/5/260Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart20 July 1863
RR/5/264Letter from Balfour Stewart, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding two papers 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' and 'Researches on solar physics.—No. II. The positions and areas of the spots observed at Kew during the years 1864, 1865, 1866, also the spotted area the sun's visible disk from the commencement of 1832 up to May 1868' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy5 July 1865
RR/7/27Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics - No. II. The positions and areas of the spots observed at Kew during the years 1864, 1865, 1866, also the spotted area the sun's visible disk from the commencement of 1832 up to May 1868' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy4 April 1870
RR/9/236Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'Influence of change of condition from the liquid to the solid state on vapour-pressure' by William Ramsay and Sydney Young24 June 1884
RR/9/339Letter from Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers to John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh19 October 1886
RR/9/334Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers1886
RR/4/259Referee's report by Edward Sabine, on a paper 'On the great magnetic disturbance which extended from August 28 to September 7, 1859, as recorded by photography at the Kew Observatory' by Balfour Stewart10 July 1861
RR/5/257Referee's report by Thomas Romney Robinson, on a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart2 August 1862
RR/5/258Referee's report by William Hallowes Miller, on a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart3 July 1863
RR/5/261Letter from Balfour Stewart, regarding a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart22 July 1863
RR/7/480Referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'A contribution to terrestrial magnetism; being the record of observations of the magnetic inclination, or dip, made during the voyage of H. M. S. ‘Iron Duke’ to China and Japan 1871-75' by Charles Frederick Alexander Shadwell1 August 1876
RR/8/227Letter from Balfour Stewart, to George Gabriel Stoke, regarding a paper 'On actinometrical observations, made in India at Mussooree and Dehra in October and November, 1879' by John Baboneau Nickterlien Hennessey26 October 1880
RR/6/103Letter from Warren De La Rue, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy5 December 1868
RR/6/181Referee's report by William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, on a paper 'On a method of making a direct comparison of electrostatic with electro­magnetic force; with a note on the electromagnetic theory of light' by James Clerk Maxwell, and 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy19 October 1868
IM/Maull/004399Stewart, Balfournd
RR/5/263Letter from William Sharpey, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'An account of experiments on the change of the elastic force of a constant volume of atmospheric air, between 32° F. and 212° F., and also on the temperature of the melting-point of mercury' by Balfour Stewart25 July 1863
RR/7/28Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin on a paper 'Researches on solar physics - No. II. The positions and areas of the spots observed at Kew during the years 1864, 1865, 1866, also the spotted area the sun's visible disk from the commencement of 1832 up to May 1868' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy11 June 1870
RR/9/340Second referee's report by Balfour Stewart, on a paper 'On the luni-solar variations of magnetic declination and horizontal force at Bombay, and of declination at Trevandrum' by Charles Chambers[19 October 1886]
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