Authorised form of nameTalbot; Sir; Gilbert (c1606 - 1695); diplomat
Other forms of surnameTalbott
Datesc1606 - 1695
Place of birthWorcester, England, Europe
Date of birthc 1606
Place of deathLacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire, England, Europe
Date of death1695
Dates and placesBurial:
Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England, Europe (23 July 1695)
Christ Church, Oxford; BA (1626); Lincoln College, Oxford; MA (1628)
Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford (1629); Secretary of Embassy at Venice (1634-1637), Resident (1637-1644), Envoy (1645); Gentleman Usher of the Privy Chamber (1656-1660); Master of the Jewel Office (1660-1690); Envoy Extraordinary to Denmark (1664-1666) ; MP for Plymouth (1666-1678); Commissioner for Assessment for Middlesex and Westminster (1673-1680), Plymouth (1677-1679); Deputy-Lieutenant of Wiltshire (1688-1689)
Kt 1645
Membership categoryOriginal Fellow
Date of election22/04/1663
Date of ejection or withdrawal22 July 1685 (for non-payment of subscriptions)
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
On first Council after Charter (1663); 1668-1669
Committee and panels:
Mechanical Committee (1664).
Other Royal Society activityContributed reports of experiments with 'sympathetic' cures (1661); Experiments with a 'Swedish stone' with sulphur, vitriol, and aluminium (1666); Asked to assist in translation of Italian book about dye (1662); Sent the Mace to the Royal Society (1663)
RelationshipsParents: Sherington Talbot and Elizabeth Leighton
Additional relatives: uncle of Sir John Talbot (FRS 1663)
General contextTalbot's life and career was impacted by the English Civil Wars. During the First Civil War, he was unsuccessful in securing financial support from the Republic of Venice for Charles I. During the Second Civil War, he was arrested for conspiracy in 1650 and joined Charles II in exile after his release. He was a Stuart loyalist and upon refusing to swear allegiance to Mary II and William III after the Glorious Revolution, lost his diplomatic and courtier positions.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
Bulloch's Roll; Foster; Le Neve; Henning
The election date is Talbot's re-election date into the Society after the grant of the second charter in April 1663. All Fellows admitted in a two-month window after this charter, until 22 June 1663, are considered Original Fellows. He was previously admitted into the Society on 22 May 1661.
Royal Society codeNA6229
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
RBC/1/11'Experiments made of the Sympathetick Powder' by Sir Gilbert Talbot22 June 1661
RBO/1/11'Experiments made of the Sympathetick pouder' by Sir Gilbert Talbot22 June 1661
CLP/9i/18/1Manuscript, description of a Swedish stone, which affords sulphur, vitriol, allum and minium by G Talbot[1666]
CLP/9i/18/2Drawing, iron pot used in the extraction of sulphur from a Swedish stone by Sir Gilbert Talbot[1666]
CLP/9i/18Paper, description of a Swedish stone, which affords sulphur, vitriol, allum and minium by Sir Gilbert Talbot[1666]
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