Record

Authorised form of nameDirac; Paul Adrien Maurice (1902 - 1984)
SurnameDirac
ForenamesPaul Adrien Maurice
Dates1902 - 1984
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Bristol, Gloucestershire, England (08 August 1902)
Death:
Tallahassee, Florida, USA (20 October 1984)
ActivityResearch Field:
Quantum mechanics, relativity, cosmology
Education:
Cotham School, Bristol; BSc (Bristol); PhD (Camb)
Career:
Lecturer, University of Cambridge; Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, 1932-1969; Professor of Physics, Florida State University 1971-1984
Honours:
OM 1973
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
15/05/1930
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1939; Copley Medal 1952; Nobel Prize (Physics) 1933
Lectures:
Bakerian 1941
RelationshipsMarried Margit Wigner, sister of physicist Eugene Wigner, 1937
Published worksThe Principles of Quantum Mechanics (1930); Quantum Electrodunamics (1943); Developments in Quantum Electrodynamics (1946)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB vol 17 pp 224-233
Obituaries:
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1986 vol 32 pp 137-185, plate, by R H Dalitz and Sir Rudolf Peierls
References:
Sir Fred Hoyle, 'The Achievement of Dirac', review of Helge S. Kragh, Dirac: A Scientific Biography in NR 1992 vol 46 pp 183-187
Anon, 'Visit of His Excellency the Soviet Ambassador, 19 November 1959' in NR 1959 vol 14 pp 160-162
R H Dalitz (ed), 'The collected works of P A M Dirac: 1924-1948' (Cambridge University Press, 1995)
H Kragh, 'Dirac : A Scientific Biography' (Cambridge University Press 1991)
B N Kursunoglu and E P Wigner (eds) 'Reminiscences about a great physicist : Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac' (Cambridge, 1987)
B V Medvedev (ed) ' Paul Dirac and 20th century physics' (Russian) (Moscow 1990)
N Mukunda , The life and work of P A M Dirac in 'Recent developments in theoretical physics (Singapore, 1987)
A Pais, M Jacob, D I Olive and M F Atiyah, 'Paul Dirac : the man and his work' (Cambridge, 1998)
J G Taylor (ed) 'Tributes to Paul Dirac, Cambridge, 1985' (Bristol, 1987)
Michael Berry, 'Paul Dirac, the purest soul in physics', Physics World, February 1998
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Mathematicians/Dirac.html
B Pippard, 'Euclid and other popular romances. Such silver currents: the story of William and Lucy Clifford 1845-1929, by M Chisholm' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 252-253
R Singh and F Riess, 'The nobel laureate Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman FRS and his contacts with the British Scientific community in a social and political context' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 47-64
P Fara, 'Lucasian Professors. From Newton to Hawking: a history of Cambridge University's Lucasian professors of mathematics, ed K C Knox and R Noakes' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 312-313
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/17350683
Royal Society codeNA6266
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
PB/7/2/4/1/2Letter from Home Office refusing visa, 13 June 1945, and Blackett's correspondence with other colleagues involved requesting meeting with Royal Society to discuss the matter.1945
PB/1/33/1/2Nobel Prize1948
P/0150Portrait of Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice1939
PB/2/7/5/6Letter from Paul Dirac re electron passing through a lead plate.2 December 1937
EC/1930/04Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice: certificate of election to the Royal Society
PB/2/7/5/4Letter from PAM Dirac, commenting on paper sent to him by Blackett.19 May 1937
S/0007Sculpture bust of Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice1973
MS/825Letters of Paul Dirac and Manci Dirac1953-1981
RR/1950/A4/1Referee's repot by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac on a paper by David Robert Bates, A Fundaminsky and Harrie Stewart Wilson Massey, 'Excitation and ionization of atoms by electron impact. II. The Born and Oppenheimer approximations - Comparison with experiment'[1950]
RR/1950/A3/1Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac on a paper by David Robert Bates, A Fundaminsky and Harrie Stewart Wilson Massey, 'Excitation and ionization of atoms by electron impact. I. The Born and Oppenheimer approximations - General theory'[1950]
RR/66/280Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Effusion and thermal transpiration in quantum statistics' by B N Srivastava[April 1939]
RR/65/177Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The low-temperature properties of gaseous helium' by Harrie Stewart Wilson Massey and R A BuckinghamJuly 1938
RR/33/53Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'Quantum mechanics and a preliminary investigation of the hydrogen atom' by Paul Adrien Maurice DiracFebruary 1926
RR/40/22Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Matter and radiation as the propogated discontinuities' by [Ali Moustafa] MosharrafaMarch 1930
RR/69/216Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Driac, on a paper 'Algebra related to elementary particles of spin 3/2' by B S Madhavarao , V R Thiruvenkatachar and K Venkatachaliengar1945
RR/60/52Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the new field theory' by Maurice Henry Lecorney PryceMarch 1936
RR/43/94Referee's report by Paul Adrein Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The quantum theory of dispersion in metallic conductors. — II' by R de L KronigJune 1931
RR/47/85Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The change of resistance of a semi-conductor in a magnetic field' by J W HardingNovember 1932
RR/43/11Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Quantised singularities in the electromagnetic field' by Paul Adrien Maurice DiracJune 1931
RR/43/125Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The polarisation of electrons by double scattering' by Nevill Francis MottDecember 1931
RR/70/86Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The interaction of radiation and matter' by P M Davidson1947
RR/52/51Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the annihilation radiation of positrons' by Hans Albrecht BetheJanuary 1935
RR/46/126Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Dissociation of excited diatomic molecules by external perturbations' by Clarence Zener[January 1933]
RR/44/96Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The angular momentum of a photon' by G Temple and E C RustMay 1931
RR/45/114Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On superfast electromagnetic waves and the structure of the electron and the protons' by N S Japolsky[August 1932]
RR/47/16Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Relativistic quantum mechanics' by Paul Adrien Maurice DiracApril 1932
RR/47/11Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Notes on the theory of radiation' by Charles Galton DarwinFebruary 1932
RR/55/107Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The inertia of electrons in metals' by Charles Galton DarwinDecember 1935
RR/47/32Referee's report by James Hopwood Jeans, on a paper 'Theory of electric charge' by Arthur Stanley Eddington15 April 1932
RR/47/31Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Theory of electric charge' by Arthur Stanley EddingtonJune 1932
RR/65/259Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'New systems of normal co-ordinates for relativistic optics' by G TempleJuly 1938
RR/48/101Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Notes on some electronic properties of conductors and insulators' by Ralph Howard Fowler[May 1933]
RR/48/102Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'General considerations on the theory of the separation of H1 and H2 by electrolysis of water' by Ralph Howard Fowler[January 1934]
RR/48/100Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'An elementary theory of electronic semi-conductors, and some of their possible properties' by Ralph Howard Fowler[March 1933]
RR/49/8Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On relativity and wave mechanics' by W Band[June 1933]
RR/47/122Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The physical principles of the quantum theory' by G TempleJuly 1932
RR/49/117Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The masses of the proton and electron' by Arthur Stanley Eddington[October 1933]
RR/49/159Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Internal photoelectric absorption in halide crystals' by R W Gurney[February 1933]
RR/50/135Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the electromagnetic fields due to variable electric charges and the intensities of spectrum lines according to the quantum theory' by George Adolphus SchottOctober 1933
RR/53/122Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the new field theory' by Banesh Hoffmann[October 1934]
RR/54/59Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the foundations of dynamics' by Edward Arthur MilneDecember 1935
RR/54/58Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the foundations of dynamics' by Edward Arthur MilneNovember 1935
RR/55/39Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The scattering of positrons by electrons with exchange on Dirac’s theory of the positron' by H J BhabhaNovember 1935
RR/65/28Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'A suggestion for unifying quantum theory and relativity' by Max BornJanuary 1938
RR/54/136Referee's report by Paul Adrein Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The quantum theory of the neutron' by George TempleFebruary 1934
RR/66/277Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Calculation of nuclear energies and stability by the statistical method' by Barbara Spain[November 1939]
RR/68/456Memoranda, on a paper 'Unitary representations of the Lorentz group' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac8 June 1944
RR/58/104Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Kinematics, dynamics, and the scale of time' by Edward Arthur MilneOctober 1936
RR/56/99Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The electromagnetic field due to a uniformly and rigidly electrified sphere in spinless accelerated motion and its mechanical reaction on the sphere—I' by George Adolphus Schott[January 1936]
RR/60/53Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the new field theory II-Quantum theory of field and charges' by Maurice Henry Lecorney PryceNovember 1936
RR/61/102Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The rotational energy-levels of a diatomic molecule in a tetrahedral field' by H M CundyDecember 1937
RR/58/105Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Kinematics, dynamics, and the scale of time II' by Edward Arthur MilneDecember 1936
RR/63/24Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Kinematics, dynamics and the scale of time, III' by Edward Arthur MilneJanuary 1937
RR/62/38Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The relativistic interaction of two electrons in the self-consistent field method' by Bertha Swirles[August 1936]
RR/66/80Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On field equations of electric charge' by H T Flint[April 1939]
RR/59/52Referee's report by Edmund Taylor Whittaker, on a paper 'Relativistic wave equations' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac[April 1936]
RR/61/14Third referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The basis of a theory of the universe' by F L ArnotJune 1937
RR/59/51Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'Relativistic wave equations' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac[April 1936]
RR/61/12Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The basis of a theory of the universe' by F L ArnotApril 1937
RR/61/13Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The basis of a theory of the universe' by F L ArnotMay 1937
RR/59/71Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Ultimate measurements of space and time' by H T Flint[October 1936]
RR/59/72Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Ultimate measurements of space and time' by H T Flint[November 1936]
RR/64/88Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The theory of pressure-ionization and its applications' by D S Kothari[December 1937]
RR/62/90Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the relations of the tensor-calculus to the spinor-calculus' by Edmund Taylor Whittaker[October 1936]
RR/63/23Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The inverse square law of gravitation—II and III' by Edward Arthur MilneFebruary 1937
RR/67/178Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Operator calculus in the electron theory of metals' by K FuchsApril 1940
RR/61/111Referee's report by Edward Arthur Milne, on a paper 'A new basis for cosmology' by Paul Adrien Maurice DiracJanuary 1938
RR/65/72Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Classical theory of radiating electrons' by Paul Adrien Maurice DiracMay 1938
RR/63/22Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The equations of electromagnetism. I - Fundamental identifications. II - Field theory' by Edward Arthur MilneJanuary 1938
RR/64/65Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Stability of polyatomic molecules in degenerate electronic states - I—Orbital degeneracy' by H A Jahn and E Teller[April 1937]
RR/63/21Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The equations of electromagnetism. I - Fundamental identifications. II - Field theory' by Edward Arthur MilneNovember 1937
RR/65/29Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Application of “reciprocity” to nuclei' by Max Born1938
RR/64/63Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Stability of polyatomic molecules in degenerate electronic states II-Spin degeneracy' by H A Jahn[November 1937]
RR/65/274Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the Hamilton-Jacobi theory and quantization of generalized electrodynamics' by P WeissOctober 1938
RR/65/273Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the Hamilton-Jacobi theory and quantization of a dynamical continuum' by P WeissSeptember 1938
RR/65/247Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Effusion phenomena in relativistic quantum statistics' by B N SrivastavaMay 1938
RR/65/136Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'ß-Transitions in a coulomb field' by Fred HoyleFebruary 1938
RR/65/151Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Quantum theory of Einstein-Bose particles and nuclear interaction' by Nicholas Kemmer1938
RR/65/117Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Showers produced by the penetrating cosmic radiation' by W HeitlerMarch 1938
RR/66/139Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The particle aspect of meson theory' by Nicholas Kemmer[July 1939]
RR/65/249Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Collective electron ferromagnetism II. Energy and specific heat' by Edmund Clifton Stoner1938
RR/66/81Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On field equations of electric charge' by H T Flint[June 1939]
RR/65/97Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the nuclear forces and the magnetic moments of the neutron and the proton' by Herbert Fröhlich, Walter Heinrich Heitler and Nicholas KemmerFebruary 1938
RR/72/122Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'One-dimensional dislocations IV. Dynamics' by Frederick Charles Frank and J H van der Merwe1949
RR/69/61Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Infinite irreducible representations of the Lorentz group' by Harish-Chandra1946
RR/66/91Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the statistical method in nuclear theory' by K Fuchs[November 1939]
RR/67/268Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Bose-Einstein statistics and degeneracy' by D S Kothari and B N SinghJune 1940
RR/67/36Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Radiative processes involving fast mesons' by F Booth and Alan Herries WilsonApril 1940
RR/67/179Referee's report by Nevill Francis Mott, on a paper 'Operator calculus in the electron theory of metals' by K FuchsApril 1940
RR/68/112Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Perturbation theory for the self-consistent field' by H W Peng[April 1941]
RR/71/135Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the self-energies and cross-sections of orthodox quantum mechanics' by H S Green22 October 1948
RR/72/219Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Unified field theory in six dimensions' by J Podolanski1949
RR/69/142Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The correspondence between the particle and the wave aspects of the meson and the photon' by Harish-Chandra1945
RR/71/134Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the self-energies and cross-sections of orthodox quantum mechanics' by H S Green[1948]
RR/71/106Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'One-dimensional dislocations. II. Misfitting monolayers and oriented overgrowth' by Frederick Charles Frank and J H Van Der Merwe[1948]
RR/68/217Letter from Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, to Alfrd Charles Glyn Egerton, regarding a paper 'The cascade theory with collision loss' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha and S K Chakrabarty17 April 1942
RR/68/216Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The cascade theory with collision loss' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha and S K Chakrabartynd [1942]
RR/69/243Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the divergence difficulty of quantized field theories and the rigorous treatment of radiation reaction' by H W Peng1945
RR/68/433Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on two papers 'On the theory of point-particles' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha and Harish-Chandra, and 'On the removal of the infinite self-energies of point-particles' by Harish-Chandra[1944]
RR/68/434Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on two papers 'On the fields and equations of motion of point particles' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha and Harish-Chandra, and 'On the equations of motion of point particles' by Harish-Chandra[1944]
RR/68/459Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'A study of the nature of the field theories of the electron and positron and of the meson' by H T Flint[1944]
RR/68/460Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'A study of the nature of the field theories of the electron and positron and of the meson' by H T Flint[1944]
RR/70/85Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Theory of spontaneous transitions' by P M Davidson1947
RR/71/107Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'One-dimensional dislocations. I. Static theory' by Frederick Charles Frank and J H Van Der Merwe[1948]
RR/72/33Letter from Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the stochastic theory of continuous parametric systems and its application to electron cascades' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha to D C Martin, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society17 April 1950
RR/71/102Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the classical theory of particles' by C Jayaratnam Eliezer[1948]
RR/72/32Letter from Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the stochastic theory of continuous parametric systems and its application to electron cascades' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha to D C Martin, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society3 November 1949
RR/43/2Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The wave theory of light quanta' by Charles Galton DarwinApril 1931
RR/56/96Second referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The electromagnetic field due to a uniformly and rigidly electrified sphere in spinless accelerated motion and its mechanical reaction on the sphere—I' by George Adolphus Schott[May 1936]
RR/65/74Second referee's report by Edward Arthur Milne, on a paper 'Classical theory of radiating electrons' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac1938
RR/63/20Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'The equations of electromagnetism. I - Fundamental identifications. II - Field theory' by Edward Arthur MilneAugust 1937
RR/65/73Referee's report by Edward Arthur Milne, on a paper 'Classical theory of radiating electrons' by Paul Adrien Maurice DiracApril 1938
RR/72/31Letter from Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'On the stochastic theory of continuous parametric systems and its application to electron cascades' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha to David Brunt12 September 1949
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