# Record

Authorised form of name | Fowler; Sir; Ralph Howard (1889 - 1944) |

Dates | 1889 - 1944 |

Nationality | British |

Place of birth | Roydon, Essex, England |

Date of birth | 17 January 1889 |

Place of death | Cambridge |

Date of death | 28/07/1944 |

Research field | Mathematics |

Physics | |

Activity | Education: Winchester College; MA Career: Taught at Winchester College (1914); Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge; University Lecturer in Mathematics; John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Mathematical Physics, Cambridge (1931-1944); member of Governing Body, Winchester College (1933-1944) Honours: OBE 1918; Kt 1942 |

Membership category | Fellow |

Date of election | 07/05/1925 |

Royal Society activity | Medals and prizes: Royal Medal 1936 Lectures: Bakerian 1935 |

Relationships | Son-in-law of Ernest Rutherford (FRS 1903); father of Peter Fowler (FRS 1964) |

Sources | Sources: Bulloch's Roll; DSB Obituaries: Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 1945-1948 vol 5 pp 61-78, plate, by E A Milne References: R V Jones, 'Addendum' in NR 1994 vol 48 p 165 Sir William McCrea, 'Sir Ralph Howard Fowler, 1889-1944: a Centenary Lecture' in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 61-78, plate Sir William McCrea, review of S Chandrasekhar, Selected Papers. Vol. 1: Stellar Structure and Stellar Atmospheres. Vol. 2: Radiative Transfer and Negative Ion of Hydrogen in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 137-139 Meg Weston Smith, 'E A Milne and the Creation of Air Defence: Some Letters From an Unprincipled Brigand, 1916-1919' in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 241-255 |

Virtual International Authority File | http://viaf.org/viaf/12391157 |

Royal Society code | NA6335 |

Archives associated with this Fellow

Reference number | Title | Date |

NLB/66/352 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; [Ralph Howard] Fowler Esq., Trinity College, Cambridge | 14 April 1924 |

IM/003949 | Group photograph | nd |

EC/1925/03 | Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard: certificate of election to the Royal Society | |

RR/43/3 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Eigenfunctions for calculating electronic vibrational intensities' by P M Davidson | December 1931 |

RR/22/77 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the oxy-hydrogen flame spectrum of iron' by Joseph Norman Lockyer and H E Goodson | December 1915 |

RR/26/44 | Referee's report by Leonard Bairstow, on a paper 'The aerodynamics of a spinning shell.—Part II' by Ralph Howard Fowler and C N H Lock | 7 October 1921 |

RR/26/45 | Referee's report by Geoffrey Ingram Taylor, on a paper 'The aerodynamics of a spinning shell.—Part II' by Ralph Howard Fowler and C N H Lock | [November 1921] |

RR/35/80 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The fundamental equation of wave mechancis and the [metrics] of space' by H T Flint and J W Fisher | November 1927 |

RR/47/93 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A theoretical investigation of the oxygen atom in various states of ionisation' by Douglas Rayner Hartree and M M Black | October 1932 |

RR/54/27 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Statistical treatment of strong electrolytes' by S Levine | April 1935 |

RR/37/154 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Relativity and wave mechanics' by William Wilson | February 1928 |

RR/35/54 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Examples of the Zeeman effect at intermediate strengths of magnetic field' by K Darwin | December 1927 |

RR/35/76 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Relativity and the quantum theory' by H T Flint | November 1927 |

RR/37/149 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The diffraction of cathode rays' by J M Whittaker | May 1928 |

RR/43/113 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The normal vibrations of carbonate and nitrate ions' by A C Menzies | September 1931 |

RR/33/76 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The effective cross section of the oriented hydrogen atom' by Ronald G J Fraser | December 1926 |

RR/33/81 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The first steps in the approximate solution of differential equations by interpenetrating lattices' by J A Gaunt | December 1926 |

RR/34/99 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The theory of the linear electric oscillator and its bearing on the electron theory' by George Adolphus Schott | [June 1926] |

RR/38/22 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Further investigations of the spectrum of singly-ionised carbon (C 11)' by Alfred Fowler and E W H Selwyn | July 1928 |

RR/33/50 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the gyration of light by multiplet lines' by Charles Galton Darwin | June 1926 |

RR/34/64 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The Hamiltonian equation in the new quantum mechanics' by John Marshall | [January 1927] |

RR/35/41 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A theory of internal ballistics based on a pressure-index law burning for propellants' by C A Clemmow | December 1927 |

RR/33/32 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The equilibrium of heterogeneous systems including electrolytes. Part II.— equilibrium at interfaces and the theory of electro-capillarity' by John Alfred Valentine Butler | November 1926 |

RR/34/49 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Gas law based on molecular dimensions and molecular forces' by Otto Maass | [April 1926] |

RR/37/97 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Stark-effect in a violet region of the secondary spectrum of hydrogen' by J K L MacDonald | November 1928 |

RR/35/128 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The band spectra of silicon fluoride' by R C Johnson and H G Jenkins | 1927 |

RR/33/75 | Referee's report by Owen Willans Richardson, on a paper 'On the rate of maximum activation by collision for complex molecules with applications to velocities of gas reactions' by Ralph Howard Fowler and Eric Keightley Rideal | November 1926 |

RR/37/142 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The effect of electric fields on the emission of electrons from conductors' by A T Waterman | June 1928 |

RR/40/107 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The second order wave equations of the spinning electron' by George Temple | June 1929 |

RR/35/51 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The Zeeman effect and spherical harmonics' by Charles Galton Darwin | March 1927 |

RR/34/94 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The deferred approach to the limit' by Lewis Fry Richardson and J Arthur Gaunt | [December 1926] |

RR/35/53 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Free motion in the wave mechanics' by Charles Galton Darwin | November 1927 |

RR/37/8 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The infrared emissionspectre of the carbon monoxide flame' by C R Bailey and Kim Hou Lih | August 1928 |

RR/38/14 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the determination of the range of frequencies within the group of mechanical waves of a electron' by H T Flint | October 1929 |

NLB/71/189 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Ralph Howard] Fowler Esq., O.B.E., FRS | 4 February 1928 |

RR/38/19 | Referee's report by Owen Willans Richardson, on a paper 'The thermionic emission constant A' by Ralph Howard Fowler | 1928 |

RR/39/38 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On periodic orbits for atoms of the helium type' by D Buchanan | [October 1929] |

RR/37/120 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The mechanics of the hydrogen atom' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | August 1928 |

RR/36/37 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Magnetic forces in quantum mechanics' by F B Pidduck | [November 1927] |

RR/37/84 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Hyperfine structure in the arc spectrum of cæsium and nuclear rotation' by Derek Ainslie Jackson | October 1928 |

RR/36/83 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A ring model of the sodium atom' by W G L Sutton | [May 1927] |

RR/38/23 | Referee's report by Edward Arthur Milne, on a paper 'A detailed study of the "radioactive decay" of, and the penetration of a-particles into, a simplified one-dimensional nucleus' by Ralph Howard Fowler and Alan Herries Wilson | May 1929 |

RR/39/47 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A general equation of state and the Debye–Hückel theory on the new statistics' by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar | [October 1929] |

RR/38/17 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Effect of combined electric and magnetic fields on the helium spectrum' by John Stuart Foster | November 1928 |

RR/54/144 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Stark intensities in a canal-ray source at different pressures' by R L Thornton | October 1934 |

RR/40/23 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The scattering of electrons by atoms' by Nevill Francis Mott | March 1930 |

RR/37/143 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The effect of electric fields on the emission of electrons from conductors' by A T Waterman | 1928 |

RR/38/18 | Referee's report by Owen Willans Richardson, on a paper 'The photo-electric threshold frequency and the thermionic work function' by Ralph Howard Fowler | 1928 |

RR/38/21 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Patterns and paschen-back analogue in the stark-effect for neon' by John Stuart Foster and W Rowles | November 1928 |

RR/38/20 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Relative intensities of stark components in hydrogen' by John Stuart Foster and Laura Chalk | November 1928 |

RR/38/2 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A symmetrical treatment of the wave equation' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | September 1928 |

RR/38/150 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The scattering power of a bare nucleus according to wave mechanics' by George Temple | October 1928 |

RR/40/101 | Referee's report by Owen Willans Richardson, on a paper 'Further studies in the emission of electrons from cold metals' by T E Stern, B S Gosling and Ralph Howard Fowler | 1929 |

RR/43/105 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The nuclear moment of the indium atom' by John Cunningham McLennan and Elizabeth J Allin | July 1931 |

RR/39/94 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Hamilton's Principle and the field equation' by D Meskyn | [October 1929] |

RR/39/60 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A collision problem in the wave mechanics' by Charles Galton Darwin | [April 1929] |

RR/41/58 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Examples of the uncertainty principle' by Charles Galton Darwin | January 1931 |

RR/44/61 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Lorentz's equation' by R A Sampson | July 1931 |

RR/55/36 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Statistical theory of superlattices' by H A Bethe | February 1935 |

RR/39/101 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Wave mechanics and the dual aspect of matter and radiation' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | [October 1929] |

RR/37/37 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The equilibrium of heterogeneous systems including electrolytes. Part III. The effect of an electric field on the adsorption of organic molecules, and the interpretation of electro-capillary curves' by John Alfred Valentine Butler | 1928 |

RR/39/107 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'New methods in statistical mechanic' by Meghnad Saha and Ramesh Chandra | [April 1929] |

RR/45/54 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the statistics of similar particles' by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar | [October 1932] |

RR/55/151 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Shot-motion dynamics for pressure-index propellants' by W E Grimshaw | September 1935 |

RR/43/31 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The effect of combined electric and magnetic fields on the helium spectrum. — II' by John Stuart Foster | January 1931 |

RR/46/24 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The excitation function of helium' by J H Lees | [March 1932] |

RR/43/109 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Interpretation of hyperfine structure.—Discussion of H. F. S. in Tl II. Relative g (I) factors of Tl, Bi and Pb (207), and nuclear structure' by John Cunningham McLennan, A B McLay and M F Crawford | August 1931 |

RR/65/192 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the absorption of light by crystals' by Nevill Francis Mott | June 1938 |

RR/54/82 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The theory of the stability of the benzene ring and related compounds' by William George Penney | April 1934 |

RR/43/124 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Material and radiational waves' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | February 1931 |

RR/45/91 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The motion of a point-charge as the shortest path in a moving medium' by H F Biggs | [May 1932] |

RR/52/50 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The scattering of neutrons by protons' by Hans Albrecht Bethe and R Peierls | November 1934 |

RR/38/67 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The determination of molecular forces from the viscosity of a gas' by H R Hasse and W R Cook | June 1929 |

RR/48/47 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Exchange of energy between inert gas atoms and a solid surface' by J M Jackson and A Howarth | [June 1933] |

RR/45/59 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The differential equations of ballistics' by C A Clemmow | [June 1932] |

RR/44/103 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The mechanism and molecula statistics of the reaction CuSO4.5H2O = CuSO4.H2O + 4H2O' by B Topley | January 1932 |

RR/47/16 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Relativistic quantum mechanics' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac | April 1932 |

RR/46/27 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Notes on the excitation processes in helium' by J H Lees and Herbert Wakefield Banks Skinner | [February 1932] |

RR/54/77 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The vacuum in Dirac's theory of the positive electron' by R Peierls | April 1934 |

RR/48/10 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Results of calculations of atomic wave functions. II.—Results for K+ and Cs+' by Douglas Rayner Hartree | [November 1933] |

RR/46/25 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The excitation function of helium' by J H Lees | [February 1932] |

RR/48/71 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On a new type of high energy electron-proton combination' by G Sivaramakrishnan | [October 1933] |

RR/61/72 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The quantum theory of atomic polarization II— The van der Waals energy of two atoms' by R A Buckingham | January 1937 |

RR/46/93 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the electromagnetic fields due to variable electric charges and the intensities of spectrum lines according to the quantum theory' by George Adolphus Schott | [October 1932] |

RR/48/101 | Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Notes on some electronic properties of conductors and insulators' by Ralph Howard Fowler | [May 1933] |

RR/52/91 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The derivation of thermodynamical relations for a simple system' by A Norman Shaw | October 1934 |

RR/47/134 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Fine structure in the arc spectra of bromine and iodine' by Samuel Tolansky | February 1932 |

RR/47/57 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'The apparent conductivity of oxide coatings used on emitting filaments' by Ralph Howard Fowler and A H Wilson | June 1932 |

RR/52/39 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Quantum mechanical effects in reactions involving hydrogen' by Ronald Percy Bell | August 1934 |

RR/48/72 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the neutron and the Bohr hydrogen atom' by G Sivaramakrishnan | [June 1933] |

RR/48/60 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The general proof of certain fundamental equations in the theory of metallic conduction' by Harry Jones and Clarence Zener | [August 1933] |

RR/48/100 | Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'An elementary theory of electronic semi-conductors, and some of their possible properties' by Ralph Howard Fowler | [March 1933] |

RR/48/102 | Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'General considerations on the theory of the separation of H1 and H2 by electrolysis of water' by Ralph Howard Fowler | [January 1934] |

RR/48/132 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the foundations of the electron wave equation' by Samuel Roslington Milner | [August 1932] |

RR/48/133 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the foundations of the electron wave equation' by Samuel Roslington Milner | [December 1932] |

RR/54/28 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Statistical treatment of strong electrolytes' by S Levine | June 1935 |

RR/50/136 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the electromagnetic fields due to variable electric charges and the intensities of spectrum lines according to the quantum theory' by George Adolphus Schott | November 1933 |

RR/49/90 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Quantization of the Kramers and Pauli model' by P M Davidson | [May 1933] |

RR/51/15 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Problem of the sedimentation equilibrium in colloidal suspensions' by S Levine | [April 1934] |

RR/50/36 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Perturbations in the barium I spectrum' by G O Langstroth | June 1933 |

RR/52/48 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the stopping of fast particles and on the creation of positive electrons' by Hans Albrecht Bethe and W Heitler | March 1934 |

RR/53/61 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Experiments on heavy hydrogen. Part I' by Adalbert Farkas and Ladislas Farkas | [February 1934] |

RR/51/122 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A new method of calculating the mean value of 1/r3 for keplerian systems in quantum mechanics' by John Hasbrouck Van Vleck | [November 1933] |

RR/54/135 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Faults in a material which yields to shear stress while retaining its volume elasticity' by Geoffrey Ingram Taylor | February 1934 |

RR/36/58 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the extraction of electrons from cold conductors in intense electric fields' by Owen Willans Richardson | [January 1928] |

RR/55/112 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The rotation of molecules in fields of octahedral symmetry' by A F Devonshire | September 1935 |

RR/54/24 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The interaction of atoms and molecules with solid surfaces I—The activation of adsorbed atoms to higher vibrational states' by John Edward Lennard-Jones and C Strachan | January 1935 |

RR/54/31 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'On condensed helium at absolute zero' by F London | 12 September 1935 |

RR/55/106 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Notes on magneto-optics' by Charles Galton Darwin | June 1935 |

RR/55/133 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A quantum mechanical calculation of the elastic constants of monovalent metals' by K Fuchs | September 1935 |

RR/54/35 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'An experimental examination of the electrostatic behaviour of supraconductors' by H London | January 1936 |

RR/56/10 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Self-consistent field, with exchange, for beryllium' by Douglas Rayner Hartree and W Hartree | [March 1935] |

RR/56/130 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The interaction of atoms and molecules with solid surfaces II—The evaporation of adsorbed atoms' by C Strachan | [January 1935] |

RR/53/145 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Catalysis of O-P transformation in H2' by F Kalckar and E Teller | [November 1934] |

RR/61/71 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The quantum theory of atomic polarization I— Polarization by a uniform field' by R A Buckingham | January 1937 |

RR/56/88 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the ground state of (H2), the molecular Ion (H2 +) and wave mechanics' by Owen Willans Richardson | [October 1935] |

RR/53/140 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The hyperfine structure of the resonance lines of potassium' by Derek Ainslie Jackson and H Kuhn | [September 1934] |

RR/56/50 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the relativistic quantum mechanics' by K Nikolsky | [February 1935] |

RR/56/6 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Results of Calculations of Atomic Wave Functions. IV. Results for F$^{-}$, Al$^{+3}$, and Rb$^{+}$' by Douglas Rayner Hartree | [May 1935] |

RR/56/11 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Self-consistent field, with exchange, for beryllium - II—The (2s) (2p) 3P and 1P excited states' by Douglas Rayner Hartree and W Hartree | [January 1936] |

RR/56/120 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The temperature dependence of free electron susceptibility' by Edmund Clifton Stoner | [June 1935] |

RR/63/47 | Referee's report by Alfred Fowler, on a paper 'The continuous absorption spectra of alkyl iodides and alkyl bromides and their quantal interpretation' by D Porret and C F Goodeve | 4 November 1937 |

RR/58/3 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Self-consistent field, with exchange, for Cu+' by Douglas Rayner Hartree and W Hartree | July 1936 |

RR/61/120 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Phase transformation as problem of statistical mechanics' by R Eisenschitz | March 1937 |

RR/61/123 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'Phase transformation as problem of statistical mechanics' by R Eisenschitz | April 1937 |

RR/65/72 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Classical theory of radiating electrons' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac | May 1938 |

RR/61/118 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Theory of scattering of protons by protons' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | July 1937 |

RR/59/73 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Ultimate measurements of space and time' by H T Flint | [November 1936] |

RR/59/85 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A quantum mechanical discussion of the cohesive forces and thermal expansion coefficients of the alkali metals' by Herbert Fröhlich | [July 1936] |

RR/61/122 | Third referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Phase transformation as problem of statistical mechanics' by R Eisenschitz | March 1937 |

RR/64/18 | Referee's report by Nevill Francis Mott, on a paper 'A theoretical formula for the solubility of hydrogen in metals' by Ralph Howard Fowler and C J Smithells | [February 1937] |

RR/61/121 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Phase transformation as problem of statistical mechanics' by R Eisenschitz | February 1937 |

RR/63/73 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The kinetics of adsorption with interaction between the adsorbed particles' by John Keith Roberts | April 1937 |

RR/64/47 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A method for the numerical or mechanical solution of certain types of partial differential equations' by Douglas Rayner Hartree and J R Womersley | [April 1937] |

RR/64/19 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'A tentative statistical theory of Macleod’s equation for surface tension, and the parachor' by Ralph Howard Fowler | [January 1937] |

RR/64/101 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Critical phenomena in gases - I' by John Edward Lennard-Jones and A F Devonshire | [August 1937] |

RR/66/201 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The theory of crystal rectifiers' by Nevill Francis Mott | [February 1939] |

RR/66/138 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Theory of the vibrations of the sodium chloride lattice' by E W Kellermann | [November 1939] |

RR/67/177 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Orientation of nuclear spins in metals' by Herbert Fröhlich and Frank Reginald Nunes Nabarro | 1940 |

RR/66/267 | Letter from Ralph Howard Fowler, regarding a paper 'A theoretical study of a possible model of paramagnetic alums at low temperatures' by J A Sauer and H N V Temperley | 21 April 1940 |

RR/68/45 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The statistical mechanics of many component gases' by Klaus Fuchs | [1941] |

RR/67/262 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The specific heat of the sodium chloride crystal' by E W Kellermann | 1940 |

RR/68/44 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The statistical mechanics of many component gases' by Klaus Fuchs | [1941] |

RR/68/275 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The impulse-energy tensor of material particles' by T S Chang | [1943] |

RR/68/95 | Letter from Ralph Howard Fowler, regarding a paper 'Excitation function measurements for disintegrations produced by deuterons in the heavy elements' by R S Krishnan and E A Nahum | 19 October 1941 |

RR/68/81 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Non-central forces in the nuclear two-body problem' by W Hepner and Rudolf Ernst Peierls | [1941] |

RR/68/207 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Structure and thermal properties associated with some hydrogen bonds in crystals. IV. Isotope effects in some acid phosphates' by Alfred Rene Jean Paul Ubbelohde and Ida Woodward | [1941] |

RR/68/225 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The continuous absorption of light in potassium vapour' by Robert William Ditchburn, J Tunstead and J G Yates | [1942] |

RR/68/201 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Relaxation methods applied to engineering problems VIIC - Free transverse vibrations of membranes, with an application (by analogy) to two-dimensional oscillations in an electro-magnetic system' by D N De G Allen, L Fox, H Motz and Richard Vynne Southwell | [1941] |

RR/68/284 | Letter from K Fuchs, to Ralph Howard Fowler, regarding two papers 'Matrix theory of correlations in a lattice. Part I' and 'Matrix theory of correlations in a lattice. Part II' by R Eisenschitz | 4 August 1942 |

RR/68/263 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on two papers 'Some remarks on the statistics of binary systems' by Gregory H Wannier, and 'On the statistics of binary systems' by Klaus Fuchs | [1942] |

RR/68/283 | Letter from Max Born, to Ralph Howard Fowler, regarding two papers 'Matrix theory of correlations in a lattice. Part I' and 'Matrix theory of correlations in a lattice. Part II' by R Eisenschitz | 18 July 1942 |

RR/68/257 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The ultimate shape of pebbles, natural and artificial' by Robert John Strutt | [1942] |

RR/68/294 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the equation of state for solids' by R Fürth | [1943] |

RR/68/289 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the flow of gas through a nozzle with velocities exceeding the speed of sound' by L Fox and Richard Vynne Southwell | 8 January 1944 |

RR/37/42 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the Brownian displacements and thermal diffusion of grains suspended in a non-uniform fluid' by Sydney Chapman | February 1928 |

RR/40/20 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Matter and radiation as the propogated discontinuities' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | February 1930 |

RR/37/83 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Hyperfine structure in the arc spectrum of cæsium and nuclear rotation' by Derek Ainslie Jackson | August 1928 |

RR/30/19 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the drift of spinning projectiles' by J W Campbell | [May 1924] |

NLB/66/508 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Sydney] Chapman | 20 May 1924 |

NLB/66/332 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Sydney] Chapman, FRS | 10 April 1924 |

RR/38/102 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The change in lattice spacing at a crystal boundary' by John Edward Lennard-Jones and Beryl M Dent | August 1928 |

NLB/69/134 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Ralph Howard] Fowler Esq., O.B.E, FRS | 20 January 1926 |

NLB/69/698 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Treasurer, Cambridge Philosophical Society | 29 July 1926 |

NLB/72/57 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Edward Arthur] Milne, FRS | 8 February 1929 |

NLB/68/915 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Ralph Howard] Fowler Esq., FRS | 30 November 1925 |

IM/GA/Russell/13639 | Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard | nd |

RR/26/43 | Referee's report by Godfrey Harold Hardy, on a paper 'A simple extension of Fourier's integral theorem and some physical applications, in particular to the theory of quanta' by Ralph Howard Fowler | 12 June 1921 |

RR/33/31 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The equilibrium of heterogeneous systems including electrolytes. Part I. Fundamental equations and phase rule' by John Alfred Valentine Butler | June 1926 |

RR/56/68 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Statistical theory of superlattices with unequal concentrations of the components' by Rudolf Ernst Peierls | [November 1935] |

RR/39/43 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the temperature variation of the specific heats of hydrogen and nitrogen' by J H Brinkworth | nd [1929] |

RR/56/3 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On magnetic and electrostatic energy' by Edward Armand Guggenheim | [January 1936] |

RR/46/7 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the flow of electric current in semi-infinite stratified media' by Louis Vessot King | [August 1932] |

RR/46/26 | Second referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Notes on the excitation processes in helium' by J H Lees and Herbert Wakefield Banks Skinner | [March 1932] |

RR/56/2 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The thermodynamics of magnetization' by Edward Armand Guggenheim | [January 1936] |

RR/53/157 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On nuclear structure and induced radioactivity' by F H Newman and H T Walke | [June 1934] |

RR/66/9 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The thermal capacity of pure iron' by J H Awbery and Ezer Griffiths | [October 1939] |

RR/33/99 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The quantum deviation of the Zeeman effect' by William Mitchinson Hicks | December 1925 |

NLB/66/20 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Robert John Strutt] Lord Rayleigh, FRS | 7 February 1924 |

NLB/67/710 | Copy letter from unknown correspondent; to unknown correspondent | 19 February 1925 |

RR/53/130 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'The photoelectric absorption of Y-rays in heavy elements' by H R Hulme, J McDougall, R A Buckingham and Ralph Howard Fowler | [December 1934] |

RR/34/59 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Atomic states and spectral terms' by John Cunningham McLennan, A B McLay and H Grayson Smith | [June 1926] |

NLB/66/799 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Robert John Strutt] Lord Rayleigh, FRS | 11 July 1924 |

RR/51/109 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The internal conversion of Y-rays. -II' by Harold McCarter Taylor and Nevill Francis Mott | [May 1933] |

RR/53/47 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the electromagnetic fields due to variable electric charges and the intensities of spectrum lines according to quantum theory' by Colin E Easthope | [October 1934] |

RR/36/56 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The hydrogen band spectrum: new band systems in the violet' by Owen Willans Richardson | [May 1927] |

RR/39/32 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'On the temperature variation of the specific heats of hydrogen and nitrogen' by J H Brinkworth | [October 1929] |

RR/41/93 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'Speculations concerning the a-, ß- and ?-Rays of Ra B, C, C.- Part I. A revised theory of the interval absorption coefficient' by Ralph Howard Fowler | 1930 |

RR/45/89 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The application of quantum mechanics to chemical kinetics' by Ronald Percy Bell | [October 1932] |

RR/53/131 | Referee's report by George Paget Thomson, on a paper 'The photoelectric absorption of Y-rays in heavy elements' by H R Hulme, J McDougall, R A Buckingham and Ralph Howard Fowler | [November 1934] |

RR/57/103 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'The passage of fast electrons and the theory of cosmic showers' by Homi Jehangir Bhabha and Walter Heinrich Heitler | [December 1936] |

RR/66/82 | Memoranda, on a paper 'Statistical thermodynamics of super-lattices' by Ralph Howard Fowler and Edward Armand Guggenheim | 1 November 1939 |

## Collection highlights

Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.