Record

Authorised form of nameFrere; Sir; Henry Bartle Edward (1815 - 1884)
Dates1815 - 1884
NationalityBritish
Place of birthClydach, Monmouthshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Date of birth29 March 1815
Place of deathWimbledon, London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Date of death29 May 1884
Dates and placesBurial:
St Paul's Cathedral, London
OccupationColonial administrator
Research fieldNatural history
Religion
ActivityEducation:
Haileybury College; East India Company College
Career:
Joined the Bombay Civil Service (1834); Assistant Collector, Poona; Private Secretary to Sir George Arthur, Governor of Bombay (1842); Commissioner at Scinde (1850-1859); Governor of Bombay (1862-1867); Member of Council of the Secretary of State for India (1866-1877); Privy Councillor (1873); received the Freedom of the City of London (1874); accompanied the Prince of Wales on his tour in India (1875); Governor of Cape Colony and High Commission for South Africa (1877); as Governor implemented a set of policies which attempted to impose a British confederation on the region and led to the overthrow of the Cape's first elected government in 1878 and a string of regional wars, culminating in theAnglo-Zulu war (1879), Basotho Gun War (1880) and the First Boer War (1880-1881); recalled to England to face charges of misconduct (1880) charged with having acted recklessly, and censured by Parliament; Mount Bartle Frere (1622m), the highest mountain in Queensland, Australia, is named after him; The botanist, N. A. Dalzell (1864) named the plant genus Frerea in his honour "not only as a mark of esteem and respect, but also because he always has been the enlightened encourager and promoter of scientific researches in India, and is himself a close observer of nature."
Honours:
KCB 1859; GCSI 1867; Bt 1876; GCB 1876
Memberships:
Royal Asiatic Society (President 1872); Royal Society of South Africa (founder and President, 1877)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election03/05/1877
Age at election62
RelationshipsSon of Edward Frere and his wife Mary Anne, daughter of James Greene; younger brother of George Edward Frere (FRS 1837); grandson of John Frere (FRS 1771); married (10 October 1844) Catherine, daughter of Sir George Arthur, Governor of Bombay
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
References:
Vanity Fair 20 September 1873
Notes:
Boase gives birth date as 29 March 1815; BR gives 15 March 1815
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/47066410/#Frere,_Bartle,_1815-1884
Royal Society codeNA6536
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MC/11/90Letter from H B E [Henry Bartle Edward] Frere, Government House, Cape Town, to the Secretary of the Royal Society20 July 1877
EC/1877/02Frere, Sir Henry Bartle Edward: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MC/11/99Letter from Geo E [George Edward] Frere, Roydon Hall, Diss, to the Royal Society18 September 1877
MC/11/107Letter from Geo E [George Edward] Frere, Roydon Hall, Diss, to [Joseph Dalton] Hooker, [President of the Royal Society]28 October 1877
MC/11/270Letter from Geo E [George Edward] Frere, Roydon Hall, Diss, to [Walter White], Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society18 November 1878
MC/11Volume 11 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1877-1879
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