Authorised form of nameTyson; Edward (1651 - 1708); physician and anatomist
Dates1651 - 1708
Place of birthClevedon, Somerset, England, Europe
Date of birth1651
Place of deathLondon, England, United Kingdom, Europe
Date of death1 August 1708
Dates and placesBurial:
St Dionis Backchurch, London, England, United Kingdom, Europe
Research fieldComparative anatomy
Magdalen Hall, Oxford (BA 1671; MA 1673); Incorporated at Cambridge (1680); Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (MD 1681)
Professor of Physic, Gresham College, London; Physician, Bridewell and Bethlehem Hospitals; lectured on anatomy to the Barber Surgeons
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (1683); Oxford Philosophical Society
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election01/12/1679
ProposerRobert Hooke
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Council: 1681, 1683, 1685, 1687-1688, 1690, 1692, 1694, 1696, 1698; Vice-President 1703-1704, 1704-?; Anatomy Curator (1683)
Other Royal Society activityHad multiple papers on natural history and pathology published in the 'Philosophical Transactions' (1680-);
Performed dissections and experiments as the Society's anatomy curator (1683);
Contributed descriptions to Francis Willughby's (FRS 1665) 'De historia piscium' (1686)
RelationshipsParents: Edward Tyson and Margaret Foley
Children: Richard Tyson
Published worksRCN: R64943
RCN: R64942
RCN: R66681
General contextTyson studied anatomy and natural history with Robert Plot (FRS 1677) and also showed an interest in botany. His first published work 'On the scent-bags in poll-cats' is contained in Plot's work on the 'Natural History of Oxfordshire' (1677). Through the physician Richard Morton, Tyson also became acquainted with Robert Hooke (FRS 1663). His published works particularly highlight his interest in comparative anatomy.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Venn; Hunter; Foster; Gunther; ODNB
Andrews, J. 1990. 'A Respectable Mad-Doctor? Dr Richard Hale, FRS (1670-1728), in Notes and Records, vol. 44, pp. 169-203
Fontes da Costa, P. 2002. 'The Culture of Curiosity at The Royal Society in the first half of the eighteenth century', in Notes and Records, vol. 56, pp. 147-166
DSB gives birthdate as 20/01/1650 or 1651 and place of birth as Bristol. ODNB has Richard Tyson as his nephew, not son.
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA7032
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
LBO/13/25A copy letter from John Wallis. Oxford, to EdwardTyson3 February 1699/1700
LBO/13/27Copy letter from John Wallis, Oxford, to Edward Tyson23 January 1701
MS/390/76Bond of Edward Tyson to the Treasurer of the Royal Society10 January 1682
CLP/12i/31/1Manuscript, 'Lumbricus hydropicus or an essay to prove that hydatides often mett with in morbid animal bodys are a species of wormes or imperfect animals' by Edward Tyson[1687]
RBO/7/14Observations of the dissection of Mr Smith of Highgate on 8 July 1687 by Edmond Tyson13 July 1687
DM/5/100A list of benefactors to the Library, to the value of £5 or upwards at one time c.1737
CLP/12i/49Paper, 'An observation of one hemisphere of the braine sphacelated: and of a stone found in the substance of the braine itsself [sic]' by Edward Tyson12 December 1688
CLP/12i/30Paper, 'Observations of what did praeternaturally occour in the opening of Mr Smith of Highgate on July 8th 1687' by Edward Tyson[1687]
CLP/12i/31/2Plate, microscopic views of hydatid by unknown artist[1687]
CLP/13/7Paper, 'An observation of an infant, where the braine was depressed into the hollow of the vertebrae of the neck' by Dr Edward Tyson[1697]
CLP/12i/31Paper, 'Lumbricus hydropicus or an essay to prove that hydatides often mett with in morbid animal bodys are a species of wormes or imperfect animals' by Edward Tyson[1687]
CLP/12i/64Paper, 'An observation of a tumour on the neck full of hydatides' by Anthony Hewnden[1706]
EL/A/50Letter, from Archibald Adams to Edward Tyson, Lymestreet, London, dated at Norwich18 December 1706
EL/E/10Extract of a letter, from Revered Charles Ellis to Edward Tyson14 July 1699
EL/W2/68Letter, from John Wallis to Edward Tyson1700
EL/Y/2Letter, from James Yonge to Dr [Edward] Tyson, dated at Plymouth6 September 1702
RBO/7/62Observations of the brain by Edward Tysonnd
RBO/8/43'A Relation of two monstrous pigs with the resemblance of humane faces and Two young Turkeys joined by the breast' by Sir John Floyer communicated by Edward Tyson1699
CLP/15i/60Paper, 'A relation of two monstrous pigs, with the resemblance of humane faces, and two young turkeys joined by the breast' by Sir John FloyerNovember 1699
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