Authorised form of nameHammond; William (? 1614 - ? 1685); poet
Dates? 1614 - ? 1685
Occupation? Poet
Gray's Inn (admitted 1654)
Translated some of John Wallis's (FRS 1663) mathematical works
Membership categoryOriginal Fellow
Date of election20/05/1663
Other Royal Society activityInvolved in production and experiments with sympathetic powders (1661)
RelationshipsParents: Sir William Hammond [Hayman] of St Albans Court and Elizabeth Archer [Aucher]
Siblings: Anthony Hammond of Wilburton
Additional relatives: great-uncle of Anthony Hammond (FRS 1700); cousin of Thomas Stanley (FRS 1663)
General contextWhile there is confusion surrounding the exact identity of the Original Fellow under the name of William Hammond, it is likely that he was a member of the Kentish family of established landowners, to whom the previously monastic property known as St Alban's Court at Nonington was sold. This was linked to the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII between 1536-1541.
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Hunter; GI
Hunter, M. 1976-7. 'The Social Bias and Changing Fortunes of an Early Scientific Institution: An Analysis of the Membership of the Royal Society, 1660-1685', vol. 31, pp. 9-114
The election date is Hammond's re-election date into the Society after the grant of the second charter in April 1663. All Fellows admitted in a two-month window after this charter, until 22 June 1663, are considered Original Fellows. He was previously proposed on 23 January 1661 and mentioned as a member on 19 June 1661.
He was last in the 1681 list. Speculative year of birth also provided by Hunter is 1614. Alternatively, he may have been the William Hammond who was educated abroad as a physician (born 1635), but in view of the RS connections this seems less likely - unless they're the same person (NB DNB suggests barrister and poet could be two different people but they have the same father)
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA7037
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